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Coll 17/15(2) 'Relations with Persia: Persia-Iraq frontier; Persia's claim in the Shatt-el-Arab' [‎18v] (47/1010)

The record is made up of 1 volume (502 folios). It was created in 21 Feb 1935-15 Jan 1936. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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7 On the 11th August Mr. Kitzemi sent m as nis aesiaerata (see
paragraph 5, last sentence) a draft of a Treaty of Friendship (Appendix L('))
together with a draft Bilateral Conservancy Board Convention (Appendix M(')),
and a redefinition of the land boundary from north to sou h ( ppendix N (■)).
(The definition in the 1914 proceedings is from south to north.) Ihe draft was
unacceptable for the principal reason that article 5 of the treaty attempted to
define conditions in the Shatt-el-Arab in such a manner as to leave the question
of sovereignty entirely vague; and the Conservancy Convention, which also covered
police and customs matters, was so worded as to imply a median-line boundary,
8 Nuri Pasha, after explaining to Mr. Kazemi that his instructions did
not allow of his negotiating the text of a treaty, but only of agreeing on the
general lines of a settlement, handed to him, on the evening of the 13th August,
the draft of a 'proces-verbal, to be initialled by the two negotiators, laying down
in some detail the principal provisions of the series of conventions that were to
constitute the settlement (Appendix 0( 1 )).
9. On the 14th August Mr. Kazemi professed himself as profoundly shocked
by the mention in the yroces-verbal of the Treaty of Erzerum and the other
instruments. On being assured that these allusions could be omitted, he professed
Uimcolf fri Ko willinor frt fnlrA CHa draft a Q tflA basis of nAOntiatinn He did, how-
1 AVligUSt 1VAT. XVctXCiiJLi iixmocxx cxo px vxx^lxxixxij oxxuxaveu
by the mention in the 'proces-verbal of the Treaty of Erzerum and the other
instruments. On being assured that these allusions could be omitted, he professed
himself to be willing to take the draft as the basis of negotiation. He did, how
ever, object to the mention of the third British member of the Conservancy Board
and to the inclusion of the Persian portion of the Naft-Khana oil structure in the
oil arrangement; he further stated that parts of the provisions of the Neighbourly
Relations Agreement were not consistent with the Persian policy of abolishing
the tribes.
10. The Iraqi delegation was taken for a long week-end to Mazanderan.
There were no conversations on the 15th, 16th and 17th August.
11. Conversations were resumed with a certain liveliness on the 18th August.
The Iraqi Cabinet had telegraphed that a redefinition of the whole boundary must
be an essential part of any settlement. Mr. Kazemi while refusing to admit in
writing that Persia did not want to change the boundary on the Shatt, would not
allow i\uri Pasha to telegraph that the Persian Government wanted a change.
Mr. Kazemi then proposed that the settlement should be sought without
mentioning the boundary at all. Superficially this resembled the procedure
discussed in my memorandum No. 9 (see paragraph 6 above); but, as there stated,
this presupposed the bona fides of the Persians when they stated that they only
wanted to a\ oid a public recantation on the issue of the validity of the treaties. &c.,
and to save their faces. The whole course of the conversations, however, had
i e i e - rs ^ ns n °k retreated one inch from their original position;
a xu? onl y desired to compromise the strong Iraqi position on the legal issue;
and that no agreement was m sight on the main point at issue. The possibility
TYiAAH^a 168 at Abada f 1 in exchange for compensation in the north was first
mentioned m passing at this interview.
Pri Au ^ ust ’, at request of Mr. Kazemi, Nuri Pasha saw the
step forward Mr V eroa Sh 1 - The interview seemed to mark a very definite
of the whole hrmnrla ^ 1 in f 1] E a ^ e d that Persia would agree to a redefinition
that the practical bM ^ llver, u A . ade( l uate & uarantees were forthcoming
boundarv P vmul 1 d a ^^e 1 w^ U b emeI K S, offered to Persia to recognise the
Iraq Nuri Pasha invited S M Se< ^ ilently u AltllciraWn by the un i latera l action of
purpose a mVlted Mr ‘ Feroa ghi to submit a formula adequate to his
the h^pitality 1 -that^ha^ been^avLhed^p^n^^^^N 1 a ban ^ et in return for
(Appendix PI 1 )) which x i a P oa lt - ?suri Pasha made a short speech
was strictly justified bv the course of ^hen* & p°p rathe f , more optimistic than
interview uninfluenced bv anv binri Ar e ne g°tiations. After the dinner, in an
Mr. Kazemi each informed Nuri Pasha P tW Pr f ndial £ enial %’ Mr - Feroughi and
“ that would be consistent with P • Pat ^ as not P ossl ble to find a formula
hopes of progress"e Hne S If FCT* over half the Shaft.” The
14. Thehintof tL l ss MHtvo7Z ghl were thus quickly stifled,
some kind of compensation in the (Pf “ l an 0:f facilities at Ahadan against
aroused the interest and cur i OS )ty of the p" 11 above, last sentence)
that Iraq would in the end cede half the dug* 14 } 18 .’ t, , le >’ semed to have assumed
Valley (which commandsTe Men de H watee in return for the Saumar
mendeli water supply); various Persian officials
( 1 )Not printed.

About this item


This volume is a continuation of Collection 17/5, and contains papers regarding negotiations between Persia [Iran] and Iraq at the League of Nations in 1935, mediated by Italian delegate Baron Pompeo Aloisi. The papers primarily consist of communications regarding the negotiations submitted to the Foreign Office by HM Ambassadors at Rome, Teheran and Baghdad, as well as comments by the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Political Department, the Admiralty, and representatives of the Governments of Persia, Iraq, and Italy.

The negotiations concerned the frontier line along the Shatt el-Arab, the possibility of granting a Persian anchorage at Abadan [Ābādān], the rights of Persian and British warships to traverse and refuel on the river, and the proposed establishment of a Conservancy Board. Following negotiations in Geneva, Rome and Tehran, the Persian and Iraqi Governments had practically agreed on three instruments: a pact of non-aggression, to be signed by Iraq, Persia and Turkey; a treaty for the peaceful settlement of international disputes between Persia and Iraq; and a treaty of friendship, which would settle the frontier question and establish the Conservancy Board.

In addition to the correspondence, the volume contains: documents circulated by the Council of the League of Nations; Reports on the Sessions of the Council submitted to the Foreign Office by C J Edmonds, Second Adviser to the Iraqi Ministry of Foreign Affairs; multiple drafts of the treaty of friendship and non-aggression treaties; and copies of notes exchanged by the Iraqi and Persian Ministers at the League of Nations. A number of these documents are written in French.

The volume includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the volume by year. This is placed at the end of the correspondence (folio 1).

Extent and format
1 volume (502 folios)

The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 498; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the leading and ending flyleaves. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 1-498; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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Coll 17/15(2) 'Relations with Persia: Persia-Iraq frontier; Persia's claim in the Shatt-el-Arab' [‎18v] (47/1010), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2870, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 26 January 2020]

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