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Coll 17/15(2) 'Relations with Persia: Persia-Iraq frontier; Persia's claim in the Shatt-el-Arab' [‎19v] (49/1010)

The record is made up of 1 volume (502 folios). It was created in 21 Feb 1935-15 Jan 1936. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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(Secret.) Persian Boundary : Memorandum No. 1.
Appendix A.
Definition of the Boundary.
the Proceedings of the Commission of 1914.
3. Great care must be taken to ensure :
(q\ xhat it is made clear that Iraq still considers the existing treaties,
protocols and proceedings as binding until they are replaced by a new
instrument duly ratified according to the present day constitutional
requirements of the two countries.
(V) That for the interpretation of the description recourse shall be had to the
maps drawn up by the commission of 1914.
(c) That any rights reserved to either of the parties under the existing
instruments referred to above shall be safeguarded until they are
abrogated by or incorporated in new agreements.
These three matters might be mentioned in an exchange of letters.
4. The Iraqi delegation should avoid any discussion regarding territorial
waters or the direction of the boundary towards the sea from the last point
mentioned in the description of 1914 {i.e., the point 2 miles down stream of
Sheikh Khazal’s fort, situated almost due east of Fao), until such time as
agreement has been reached on the rest of the line.
It seems possible that early in the Tehran negotiations the Persians may make
a feint on the flank by putting forward certain grievances with regard to the
alignment of the land boundary, and claiming minor rectifications. The claims
will presumably not be pressed, but to prevent waste of time and effort the Iraqi
delegation should be ready with their counter-grievances. Directly it is seen that
any proposal to rectify the land boundary would be unprofitable it would
presumably be abandoned.
(Secret.)
Appendix B.
Persian Boundary : Memorandum No. 2.
Rectifications of the Land Boundary.

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Content

This volume is a continuation of Collection 17/5, and contains papers regarding negotiations between Persia [Iran] and Iraq at the League of Nations in 1935, mediated by Italian delegate Baron Pompeo Aloisi. The papers primarily consist of communications regarding the negotiations submitted to the Foreign Office by HM Ambassadors at Rome, Teheran and Baghdad, as well as comments by the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Political Department, the Admiralty, and representatives of the Governments of Persia, Iraq, and Italy.

The negotiations concerned the frontier line along the Shatt el-Arab, the possibility of granting a Persian anchorage at Abadan [Ābādān], the rights of Persian and British warships to traverse and refuel on the river, and the proposed establishment of a Conservancy Board. Following negotiations in Geneva, Rome and Tehran, the Persian and Iraqi Governments had practically agreed on three instruments: a pact of non-aggression, to be signed by Iraq, Persia and Turkey; a treaty for the peaceful settlement of international disputes between Persia and Iraq; and a treaty of friendship, which would settle the frontier question and establish the Conservancy Board.

In addition to the correspondence, the volume contains: documents circulated by the Council of the League of Nations; Reports on the Sessions of the Council submitted to the Foreign Office by C J Edmonds, Second Adviser to the Iraqi Ministry of Foreign Affairs; multiple drafts of the treaty of friendship and non-aggression treaties; and copies of notes exchanged by the Iraqi and Persian Ministers at the League of Nations. A number of these documents are written in French.

The volume includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the volume by year. This is placed at the end of the correspondence (folio 1).

Extent and format
1 volume (502 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 498; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the leading and ending flyleaves. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 1-498; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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Coll 17/15(2) 'Relations with Persia: Persia-Iraq frontier; Persia's claim in the Shatt-el-Arab' [‎19v] (49/1010), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2870, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100045015589.0x000032> [accessed 27 January 2020]

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