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Coll 17/15(2) 'Relations with Persia: Persia-Iraq frontier; Persia's claim in the Shatt-el-Arab' [‎20v] (51/1010)

The record is made up of 1 volume (502 folios). It was created in 21 Feb 1935-15 Jan 1936. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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( 1 )
( 2 )
M A Permanent Frontier Commission of High Degree shall be constituted
the Permanent Commission will be as toliows .
If the Frontier Commissioners of the two sides, in the course of the
execution of their duties, find that they cannot agree as to the precise
position of the boundary as laid down m the relevant treaties and
agreements between the two Governments, the Peimanent Commission
accompanied by the necessary survey experts shall on the demand of
either party, proceed to the spot, indicate the true line to the Frontier
Commissioners and, if necessary, erect supplementary marks to prevent
renewed misunderstanding. . r .
In the event of a dispute regarding the use of the waters of any streams
that themselves form the boundary or cross the boundary trom one
country into the other the commission shall, on the demand of either
party “ proceed to the spot accompanied by the necessary technical
experts and, unless there already exist an arrangement between the
two sides, shall enquire into the ancient customary division of the
water and, on the basis thereof, fix the proportions in which the
inhabitants of the two sides shall enjoy the use of the water; they
shall also define the manner in which their decision shall be executed.
If the commissioners are unable to agree regarding the settle
ment of any case submitted to them they shall choose a neutral arbi
trator to decide the matter; if they cannot agree on the neutral
arbitrator, the President of the Council of the League of Nations
shall, if one of the two Governments wish, be invited to appoint him.
The commission may deal with any other matter submitted to it by
agreement between the two Governments.
[Appendix D not printed."]
Appendix E.
Persian Boundary : Memorandum No. 5.
Customs Control on the Shatt-el-Arab.
(A)— Present Position.
This subject may be most conveniently considered under three heads :—
(a) The legime applied to all craft, other than ocean-going steamers, entering
or leaving the Shatt-el-Arab.
{b) ^^PP^ e( ^ ocean-going steamers, entering or leaving the
{c) The prevention of smuggling from bank to bank.
reached anHKnrT ^ une 1924 an informal departmental arrangement was
Basra anf tb. niV an f ex n chan S e letters between the Collector of Customs,
arraugemen^was^nnln 1 A C ?u t0 n S ’ M, ? hamm erah (copies attachedf)). The
8th Julv 1924 & Nn i .y .^e Council of Ministers at their meeting of the
otn uuiy, i\o oihcial intimation of thp acrrAomonf .-.r 4 -v. td •
ment was received and on one occas on in u^f^T T of , th ,® f er sian Govern-
Nevertheless, the two departments ^ demed a l mowled g e of f 1 '
procedure then laid down P But from TnndiQoo 01 ^ c” accorda “ ce wlth the
S ^cetSTand preXa^^^riomt v^ite°provWed for in
Otherwise, the procedure has continued d IXmatioi
f 1 ) Not printed.

About this item


This volume is a continuation of Collection 17/5, and contains papers regarding negotiations between Persia [Iran] and Iraq at the League of Nations in 1935, mediated by Italian delegate Baron Pompeo Aloisi. The papers primarily consist of communications regarding the negotiations submitted to the Foreign Office by HM Ambassadors at Rome, Teheran and Baghdad, as well as comments by the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Political Department, the Admiralty, and representatives of the Governments of Persia, Iraq, and Italy.

The negotiations concerned the frontier line along the Shatt el-Arab, the possibility of granting a Persian anchorage at Abadan [Ābādān], the rights of Persian and British warships to traverse and refuel on the river, and the proposed establishment of a Conservancy Board. Following negotiations in Geneva, Rome and Tehran, the Persian and Iraqi Governments had practically agreed on three instruments: a pact of non-aggression, to be signed by Iraq, Persia and Turkey; a treaty for the peaceful settlement of international disputes between Persia and Iraq; and a treaty of friendship, which would settle the frontier question and establish the Conservancy Board.

In addition to the correspondence, the volume contains: documents circulated by the Council of the League of Nations; Reports on the Sessions of the Council submitted to the Foreign Office by C J Edmonds, Second Adviser to the Iraqi Ministry of Foreign Affairs; multiple drafts of the treaty of friendship and non-aggression treaties; and copies of notes exchanged by the Iraqi and Persian Ministers at the League of Nations. A number of these documents are written in French.

The volume includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the volume by year. This is placed at the end of the correspondence (folio 1).

Extent and format
1 volume (502 folios)

The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 498; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the leading and ending flyleaves. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 1-498; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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Coll 17/15(2) 'Relations with Persia: Persia-Iraq frontier; Persia's claim in the Shatt-el-Arab' [‎20v] (51/1010), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2870, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 27 January 2020]

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