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Coll 17/15(2) 'Relations with Persia: Persia-Iraq frontier; Persia's claim in the Shatt-el-Arab' [‎22v] (55/1010)

The record is made up of 1 volume (502 folios). It was created in 21 Feb 1935-15 Jan 1936. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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permit of the negotiation of the actual textb o }
must be deferred to another place and occasion
I request your Excellency to be good enough
Majesty the favour of an audience in order that
take my leave.
treaties or agreements, which
to obtain from His Imperial
I may pay my respects and
I take, &c.
Appendix R.
Letter from Mr. Kazemi to Nuri Pasha, received at noon on August 25, 1935.
My dear Minister,
I have received your esteemed letter of the 22nd August, 1935. In the first
place permit me to remove the complete misunderstandings that have occurred,
and then to give certain explanations.
Firstly .—With regard to what you have said concerning your own coming
to Tehran, namely, that given suitable conditions you were ready to come to
Tehran although it would have been more suitable for the discussions to take
place in Bagdad, I would remind you that your coming to Tehran was in
accordance with the desire expressed by yourself through the Minister for Foreign
Affairs of Turkey, and that that too was accompanied by the acceptance of the
condition that the protocol of 1914 should not be mentioned. I on my side, since
I was confident of the friendly feelings and cordial views of my own Government,
immediately welcomed the proposal and expressed my pleasure at the realisation
of this intention and the conduct of direct negotiations between the two States, a
procedure which the Imperial Government had always had in mind.
Secondly. —You state that a verbal intimation had been made to the Iraqi
Legation to the effect that the Persian Government did not desire to press the
Iraqi Government to alter the boundary, but would be content with practical
benefits in the Shatt. The fact is that I repeatedly informed your Excellency
that, if anybody had said anything to the Iraqi Legation, it must have been that
the Persian Government was not pressing to make an alteration in the land part
of the boundary; but that if anything was said it must have been the personal
view of the speaker and that he had no authority to say any such thing.
Thirdly. At the end of the third paragraph you say that I gave your
Excellency repeated assurances that Persia does not desire a change in the
oundary on the Shatt-el-Arab. I am obliged to state categorically that I never
said any such thing to your Excellency. On the contrary I have always emphasised
and explained the legal and equitable rights of my Government in the Shatt-el-
ao an e necessity of observing the universally accepted international rules,
in S fi a ement / , ma de was that, if the objects of the Persian Government
in the pretnrirnd^LTof SS y G ° Vernment W ° Uld ^ t0
y° ur that, subject to the
treaty, nevertheless, since the obtaining
of a vroc'es-verbal nf J>’ f you ^ Exce Uency insisted that the form
shoulf not insistthaf'the settled 7^™^ was preferable, I
agree Pat it stuld ^ wrltterfn tWn f ° rm ° f a ^‘/but I might
letters. But it was quite imnossihle f,, " 1 a V ro ces-verlal or exchange of
proposal, most of which was contra rv PL 6 , t0 tlle substance of y our
L/«%.- RegardiPP rntter w^l 16 , V ' e u" 5 the Im P erial Government,
conversation with his ideellenov 11 ,,. p ; ' y< ?V. la written connected with the
Excellency the Prime Mini to [nformL 1 ” 16 ^ ml f. ter - 1 ““st mention that his
minister informed me that his remarks were to the effect

About this item


This volume is a continuation of Collection 17/5, and contains papers regarding negotiations between Persia [Iran] and Iraq at the League of Nations in 1935, mediated by Italian delegate Baron Pompeo Aloisi. The papers primarily consist of communications regarding the negotiations submitted to the Foreign Office by HM Ambassadors at Rome, Teheran and Baghdad, as well as comments by the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Political Department, the Admiralty, and representatives of the Governments of Persia, Iraq, and Italy.

The negotiations concerned the frontier line along the Shatt el-Arab, the possibility of granting a Persian anchorage at Abadan [Ābādān], the rights of Persian and British warships to traverse and refuel on the river, and the proposed establishment of a Conservancy Board. Following negotiations in Geneva, Rome and Tehran, the Persian and Iraqi Governments had practically agreed on three instruments: a pact of non-aggression, to be signed by Iraq, Persia and Turkey; a treaty for the peaceful settlement of international disputes between Persia and Iraq; and a treaty of friendship, which would settle the frontier question and establish the Conservancy Board.

In addition to the correspondence, the volume contains: documents circulated by the Council of the League of Nations; Reports on the Sessions of the Council submitted to the Foreign Office by C J Edmonds, Second Adviser to the Iraqi Ministry of Foreign Affairs; multiple drafts of the treaty of friendship and non-aggression treaties; and copies of notes exchanged by the Iraqi and Persian Ministers at the League of Nations. A number of these documents are written in French.

The volume includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the volume by year. This is placed at the end of the correspondence (folio 1).

Extent and format
1 volume (502 folios)

The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 498; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the leading and ending flyleaves. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 1-498; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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Coll 17/15(2) 'Relations with Persia: Persia-Iraq frontier; Persia's claim in the Shatt-el-Arab' [‎22v] (55/1010), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2870, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 15 December 2019]

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