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Coll 17/15(2) 'Relations with Persia: Persia-Iraq frontier; Persia's claim in the Shatt-el-Arab' [‎23r] (56/1010)

The record is made up of 1 volume (502 folios). It was created in 21 Feb 1935-15 Jan 1936. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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that the Persian Government would not be satisfied with the formation of a
Mixed Commission for the administration of the Shatt-el-Arab, but must receive
assurances that its undoubted legal rights in the Shatt would be confirmed.
Consequently, if your Excellency imagined that his Excellency the Prime Minister
considered the formation of a commission would take the place of the frontier
question in the Shatt-el-Arab sector, there has been a misunderstanding. When
it appeared that your Excellency had construed the matter in this way, both his
Excellency and I informed your Excellency of the truth of the matter on the
evening of the 28th Murdad, 1314:, in order that there should be no misconception.
The Imperial Government regrets that the negotiations conducted in Tehran
will not have led promptly to a result. The Royal Iraqi Government has persisted
in its views and has in no way taken the difficulties of the Imperial Government
into account. Directly or indirectly they have pressed the Imperial Government
to accept the validity of the boundary delimited in 1914 and the provisions of the
Treaty of Erzerum, whereas, for numerous reasons and proofs, which have
constantly been repeated to the authorities of the Iraqi Government and were
explained in the replies of the representatives of Persia at the League of Nations,
it is impossible for the Imperial Government to recognise the official nature of
the boundary of 1914.
Since the Persian Government is desirous with the best of goodwill to settle
the difference directly with its neighbouring friendly Government, and in order
to dispose of the difficulties which the Iraqi Government declares to be facing
her, and in order to demonstrate practically and concretely its inward inclination
for peace and agreement with its dear and respected neighbour, it is ready to
consider formulae which shall not be incompatible with the special situation
of Iraq, which its representatives have frequently explained and which shall at
the same time correspond with the prestige and honour of Persia, with right,
justice and equity. It was for these reasons that the Persian Government was
prepared to abandon parts of its rightful claims and to recede from some of its
expectations. Elis Excellency the Prime Minister and I, taking into consideration
the objection of the Iraqi Government, evolved several formulae and proposed
them to your Excellency. Unfortunately, your Excellency did not accept any one
of these formulae; you repeated your former claims and pressed for recognition
of the whole 1914 line, without giving any facility in the important matter
contemplated by the Persian Government.
You will therefore agree that the Imperial authorities have left no step
untaken in order to obtain the result and object, and have demonstrated their
goodwill in the best way. We still hope that the Royal Iraqi Government will
take the position of the Imperial Government fully into account and either accept
any one of the formulae which have been proposed in Tehran in the last few days,
or will endeavour to propose a new formula acceptable to Persia, in order that,
please God, success may perhaps be attained in solving the matter.
The audience with His Imperial Majesty has been fixed for Sunday, 2nd of
the current month of Yurmah, at 5 p.m. at the Palace of Sa’adabad.
[Appendices S, T and U not printed.]

About this item


This volume is a continuation of Collection 17/5, and contains papers regarding negotiations between Persia [Iran] and Iraq at the League of Nations in 1935, mediated by Italian delegate Baron Pompeo Aloisi. The papers primarily consist of communications regarding the negotiations submitted to the Foreign Office by HM Ambassadors at Rome, Teheran and Baghdad, as well as comments by the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Political Department, the Admiralty, and representatives of the Governments of Persia, Iraq, and Italy.

The negotiations concerned the frontier line along the Shatt el-Arab, the possibility of granting a Persian anchorage at Abadan [Ābādān], the rights of Persian and British warships to traverse and refuel on the river, and the proposed establishment of a Conservancy Board. Following negotiations in Geneva, Rome and Tehran, the Persian and Iraqi Governments had practically agreed on three instruments: a pact of non-aggression, to be signed by Iraq, Persia and Turkey; a treaty for the peaceful settlement of international disputes between Persia and Iraq; and a treaty of friendship, which would settle the frontier question and establish the Conservancy Board.

In addition to the correspondence, the volume contains: documents circulated by the Council of the League of Nations; Reports on the Sessions of the Council submitted to the Foreign Office by C J Edmonds, Second Adviser to the Iraqi Ministry of Foreign Affairs; multiple drafts of the treaty of friendship and non-aggression treaties; and copies of notes exchanged by the Iraqi and Persian Ministers at the League of Nations. A number of these documents are written in French.

The volume includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the volume by year. This is placed at the end of the correspondence (folio 1).

Extent and format
1 volume (502 folios)

The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 498; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the leading and ending flyleaves. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 1-498; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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Coll 17/15(2) 'Relations with Persia: Persia-Iraq frontier; Persia's claim in the Shatt-el-Arab' [‎23r] (56/1010), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2870, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 26 January 2020]

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