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Coll 17/15(2) 'Relations with Persia: Persia-Iraq frontier; Persia's claim in the Shatt-el-Arab' [‎35r] (80/1010)

The record is made up of 1 volume (502 folios). It was created in 21 Feb 1935-15 Jan 1936. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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(y^) z 6
rererttid to the proposal to negotiate the treaty of Friendship
firat, as nugge&tod in pi mgm^h 2 of onr telegram $ 0 . 261.
This i*?# of course# rather at variance with what H^ri and
Edmond.e said to me here in the autumn, wince they then both
agreed that there seemed little or no hope of making any
progress with the Treaty of Friendship, and that it would be
far better now to try to get the practical question of the
Conservancy Bo rd settled first, end deal with the Treaty of
Friendship and the question of the frontier afterwards. But
whether this; is so or not, what you my about the Conservancy
Board Convention being merely an annexur# to the Treaty of
Friendship 1© quite new to me. The latest of the many drafts
of the Treaty of Friendship which have been produced had only
one annexurt, via. the definition of the frontier* But it
did provide in one of lt«s articles for the subsequent
negotiation of a number of subsidiary, but &epur&te, instruments,
of which the Conservancy Board Convention was to be one. %-e
were rather surprised at the time at the proposal that the
Treaty of Friendship might come into fores in advance of such
essential subsidiary instrument® as the Conservancy Convention
and the proposed Oil Royalties Agreement? but, even if the
original proposal had been stuck to that ail these Instruments
should come into force simultaneously, we never imagined that
it was seriously contemplated that the Conservancy Board
Convention, which we regard as an instrument in which Hia
Majesty’s Government are vitally interested, should ever be
relegated to the position of a mere ©nnexure to a bilateral
Parso-Traqi Treaty. Had we regarded this suggestion as serious
we should certainly protested very strongly at the time.
4. But ev^n mo the fact that the proposed conaorvancy con
vention soy be subsidiary to the Treaty of Friendship would not

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This volume is a continuation of Collection 17/5, and contains papers regarding negotiations between Persia [Iran] and Iraq at the League of Nations in 1935, mediated by Italian delegate Baron Pompeo Aloisi. The papers primarily consist of communications regarding the negotiations submitted to the Foreign Office by HM Ambassadors at Rome, Teheran and Baghdad, as well as comments by the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Political Department, the Admiralty, and representatives of the Governments of Persia, Iraq, and Italy.

The negotiations concerned the frontier line along the Shatt el-Arab, the possibility of granting a Persian anchorage at Abadan [Ābādān], the rights of Persian and British warships to traverse and refuel on the river, and the proposed establishment of a Conservancy Board. Following negotiations in Geneva, Rome and Tehran, the Persian and Iraqi Governments had practically agreed on three instruments: a pact of non-aggression, to be signed by Iraq, Persia and Turkey; a treaty for the peaceful settlement of international disputes between Persia and Iraq; and a treaty of friendship, which would settle the frontier question and establish the Conservancy Board.

In addition to the correspondence, the volume contains: documents circulated by the Council of the League of Nations; Reports on the Sessions of the Council submitted to the Foreign Office by C J Edmonds, Second Adviser to the Iraqi Ministry of Foreign Affairs; multiple drafts of the treaty of friendship and non-aggression treaties; and copies of notes exchanged by the Iraqi and Persian Ministers at the League of Nations. A number of these documents are written in French.

The volume includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the volume by year. This is placed at the end of the correspondence (folio 1).

Extent and format
1 volume (502 folios)

The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 498; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the leading and ending flyleaves. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 1-498; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

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English and French in Latin script
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Coll 17/15(2) 'Relations with Persia: Persia-Iraq frontier; Persia's claim in the Shatt-el-Arab' [‎35r] (80/1010), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2870, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 27 January 2020]

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