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Coll 17/15(2) 'Relations with Persia: Persia-Iraq frontier; Persia's claim in the Shatt-el-Arab' [‎37r] (84/1010)

The record is made up of 1 volume (502 folios). It was created in 21 Feb 1935-15 Jan 1936. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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this# in view at ih« consider^:-tlon-fe met out below, a
definitely unfriendly set on the pfirt of the Iraqi Oovernment,
ma in vl^w of their acceptance of the principal of our
pa rticipation, l think we are entitled, to ejrpeot them to take
& more satisfactory line*
7* It is not quite accurate to say that we b&ve no locus
stand for claiming to participate in the uomweatlon. ! "'>ne of
the principal subjects of the pro paced convention wilt be the
shipping in the Shatt* which is over 90^ British. It it
therefore a British interest which will be mainly affected -
favourably or unfavourably - by the convention, and the
existence of this British Interest, dot© give us a very strong
moral claim to participate* 'gain the frapt dovemment have
always recognised that the arrangementa made for the future
of the Chatt-el- rab may have a vital strategic importance,
and, In view of our obligations toward# Iraq under the \nglo~
Iraqi Treaty of /Ia lance It Is quite clear thst we have a very
strong claim indeed to be consulted about and to participate In
th o re a rraagament s.
8. If on the other hand the impending negot let ions arc
merely going to be Inconclusive general conversations of the
same type as those which Muri and gaxeml have embarked on with
so little success on m many occasions in the recent pa at, the
situation is of course entirely different* But the telegram#
T have quoted above sooke so definitely of fiegoti*; tlcaa about
the proposed Qcnacrvancy Convention that it was perhep# not
unnatural particularly after what ^url end Edmonda had .said
here that we should assume that this wan to be their main
9* t &m sending a copy of this letter to Viator Mallet
at Tehran.
Yours ever,

About this item


This volume is a continuation of Collection 17/5, and contains papers regarding negotiations between Persia [Iran] and Iraq at the League of Nations in 1935, mediated by Italian delegate Baron Pompeo Aloisi. The papers primarily consist of communications regarding the negotiations submitted to the Foreign Office by HM Ambassadors at Rome, Teheran and Baghdad, as well as comments by the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Political Department, the Admiralty, and representatives of the Governments of Persia, Iraq, and Italy.

The negotiations concerned the frontier line along the Shatt el-Arab, the possibility of granting a Persian anchorage at Abadan [Ābādān], the rights of Persian and British warships to traverse and refuel on the river, and the proposed establishment of a Conservancy Board. Following negotiations in Geneva, Rome and Tehran, the Persian and Iraqi Governments had practically agreed on three instruments: a pact of non-aggression, to be signed by Iraq, Persia and Turkey; a treaty for the peaceful settlement of international disputes between Persia and Iraq; and a treaty of friendship, which would settle the frontier question and establish the Conservancy Board.

In addition to the correspondence, the volume contains: documents circulated by the Council of the League of Nations; Reports on the Sessions of the Council submitted to the Foreign Office by C J Edmonds, Second Adviser to the Iraqi Ministry of Foreign Affairs; multiple drafts of the treaty of friendship and non-aggression treaties; and copies of notes exchanged by the Iraqi and Persian Ministers at the League of Nations. A number of these documents are written in French.

The volume includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the volume by year. This is placed at the end of the correspondence (folio 1).

Extent and format
1 volume (502 folios)

The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 498; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the leading and ending flyleaves. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 1-498; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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Coll 17/15(2) 'Relations with Persia: Persia-Iraq frontier; Persia's claim in the Shatt-el-Arab' [‎37r] (84/1010), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2870, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 27 February 2020]

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