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'File 2/2 IV Kuwait-Iraq Smuggling' [‎71r] (146/542)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (267 folios). It was created in 23 May 1935-13 Jun 1936. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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a' lowing British vessels to be sear diea xor contraband outsine
^2. eric an territorial w a ter s^ a 1 di o u^, h H • ^ , o-ine Ko wo j. u, - i u. n
been under no legal obligation to do so. 'The friendly attitude
adopted by K.M.G-. had been much appreciated oy trie U. S .Government
and had had a generally beneficial efxect on the relations between
them and H.M.G. "What H.M.G. suggested was that His nxeelleucy
should follow their example in this case, and ocme an ccj_uala.y
broad and farsighted point of view, and that lie should in his own
interests cooperate witn iraQ. ratner than rusn into a qaaiiel
which might have much more serious consequences ulian w-ei e nopai e^v
at present. They did not suggest that the Sheikh should give up
my of his rights or independence, but that he should take certain
steps voluntarily. He Quite realised tnat any measures oaken
yy His Excellency to check smuggling would involve financial losses
• o his people, but it was better to cooperate vim Xiao in
suppressing smuggling and thus preserve legitimate trade ramei
man be subjected to an Iraqi blockade whicn would puo an eud
io all trace ox any kino..
MR. LAI Tin hil TB said that it was understood that the Sheikh
lad intimated, to Colonel Dickson, at his last interview before
.caving Koweit, that he had certain counter proposals to make on.
mis subject and H.M.G. would be interested to know what these were.
HhtB SHEIKH OF K- 0 HSI 1 sa id that there was really no analogy
>e.tween the position of Koweit and the question ox illegal
smuggling into the U.S.A. mentioned, by Mr. Rend el. Koweit had
10 cultivation nor industry, nor anything else to provide a living
;or her people except the trade which she was at present able to
jarry on. King Abdul Asiz had stopped smuggling across his borders
lirnself and Persia had also taken certain measures, and so could
die Iraq Government if they wanted to do so. It was impossible
:or His Excellency himself to do it for them, and ne did not see
diy he should accept a responsibility whicn was really uiieirs.

About this item


The volume contains correspondence related to Kuwait-Iraq smuggling. British officials stood as mediators between the Iraqi Government and the Shaikh of Kuwait to try and solve the smuggling issue. They discussed possible ways to persuade the Shaikh of Kuwait to agree to a friendly arrangement for cooperation for checking smuggling on the lines which had been contemplated. British Government officials also suggested various methods to control smuggling such as a system of manifests, trade control posts, as well as the appointment of a British Director of Customs at Kuwait.

The volume includes minutes of a meeting held in London discussing the question of Kuwait-Iraq smuggling with the Shaikh of Kuwait, a list of regulations of the Customs Code in Iraq issued by the King of Iraq and published in the official gazette, correspondence related to a number of cases of violation of Kuwaiti territorial waters by Iraq Customs launches, as well as the arrest and detention of Kuwaiti nationals.

The Shaikh raised his complaints to the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. who in turn shared the Shaikh’s concerns with other British officials. On the other hand, complaints were also raised by the Iraqi Ministry for Foreign Affairs regarding the Kuwaiti Government’s lack of control of its border lines.

Lists of violation incidents are also included in the volume. Each list includes the following information: date and place of occurrence by whom, a summary of the incident, date of report to the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. and the Iraqi Government’s reply. The volume also includes summary lists of Iraqi newspaper articles which discuss Iraq-Kuwait related issues including smuggling, and the annexation of Kuwait by Iraq.

Extent and format
1 volume (267 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the front to the rear of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 269; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 2/2 IV Kuwait-Iraq Smuggling' [‎71r] (146/542), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/131, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 16 October 2019]

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