Coll 6/65 'Relations between Saudi-Arabia and the Yemen.' [36r] (71/917)
The record is made up of 1 file (457 folios). It was created in 30 Apr 1934-27 Jan 1938. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
THIS DOCUMENT IS THE PROPERTY OF HIS BRITANNIC MAJESTY’S GOVERNMENT
I Auerust 13. 1934.
Mr. Calvert to Sir John Simon.—(Received August 13.)
Jedda, July 30, 1934.
WITH reference to Sir Andrew Ryan’s despatch No. 202 of the 27th June,
I have the honour to forward herewith a complete translation of the Treaty of
Taif, which has been prepared by Mr. Furlonge.
2. Further study has served little to elucidate the obscurities of article 4
of this document. These arise partly from the absence of any trustworthy and
sufficiently detailed map of the area, but more especially from the rather confusing
use of the same word to denote the name of a tribe and at the same time to
describe its tribal grazing-ground or dira. These latter are, moreover, known
accurately probably only to the tribes owning them and to neighbouring tribes,
who may or may not be in entire agreement as to their boundaries. Until the
terrain through which this frontier runs is accurately mapped and surveyed,
article 4 will, it is believed, continue to be a somewhat unintelligible concatenation
of place and tribal names.
3. Otherwise, no points of importance, other than those noted by
Sir Andrew Ryan in his despatch under reference, have emerged except that
article 4 does provide for a “ friendly and brotherly ” delimitation of the frontier.
4. I am sending copies of this despatch to His Majesty’s Ambassador at
Rome, His Majesty’s Chief Commissioner at Aden, the Hon. the Political
Resident in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , Bushire, his Excellency the High Commissioner
for Palestine, Jerusalem, His Majesty’s Charge d’Affaires at Bagdad, and His
Majesty’s High Commissioner for Egypt, Ramleh.
Treaty of Islamic Friendship and Brotherhood, between the Saudi Arab Kingdom
and the Kingdom of the Yemen.
HIS Honourable Majesty the Imam Abdul Aziz Abdurrahman-al-Feysal-al-
Saud. King of the Saudi Arab Kingdom, on the one part, and His Honourable
Majesty the Imam Yahya-bin-Muhammad Hamiduddin, King of the Yemen, on
the other part:
Being desirous of ending the state of war unfortunately existing between
them and their Governments and peoples;
And of uniting the Islamic Arab nation and raising its condition and
maintaining its prestige and independence;
And in view of the necessity of establishing firm treaty relations between
them and their Governments and countries on a basis of mutual advantage and
And wishing to fix the frontiers between their countries and to establish
relations of “ Bon-Voisinage ” and ties of Islamic friendship between them
and to strengthen the foundations of peace and tranquillity between their
countries and peoples;
And being desirous that there should be a united front against sudden
mishaps and a solid structure to preserve the safety of the Arab Peninsula.
I have, &c.
A. S. CALVERT.
Enclosure in No. 1.
Treaty of Taif.
In the Name of God the Merciful, the Compassionate
About this item
This file concerns Saudi-Yemeni relations, beginning with the final weeks of hostilities between the two countries before going on to cover peace negotiations and the reoccupation of Hodeidah (also transliterated as Hodeida) by the Yemeni authorities, following the gradual withdrawal of Saudi troops.
Related matters discussed in the correspondence include the following:
- The situation at Hodeidah, as reported by the Commanding Officer of HMS Penzance .
- Arrangements for the simultaneous withdrawal of foreign warships from Hodeidah.
- The progress of Saudi-Yemeni treaty negotiations, and the wording of the resulting Treaty of Taif, concluded between Saudi Arabia and Yemen on 20 May 1934, and ratified on 22 June 1934.
- Costs recovered from the Imam of Yemen [Yaḥyā Muḥammad Ḥamīd al-Dīn] by the British for the internment of Yemeni soldiers in Aden during the Saudi-Yemeni conflict.
- Details of other costs incurred by the British during the Saudi-Yemeni War, as calculated by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. at Aden [Bernard Rawdon Reilly], and discussion as to whether any part of these expenses should be borne by Government of India revenues.
- The reported presence of members of the Idrisi [al-Idrīsī] family in Mecca.
In addition to correspondence the file includes the following:
- Extracts from Aden, Bahrain, and Kuwait political intelligence summaries.
- Copies of an English translation of the Treaty of Taif.
- A copy of an English translation of the Treaty between King Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] and the Idrisi [Sayyid Muḥammad bin ‘Alī al-Idrīsī], signed on 31 August 1920.
- Copies of extracts from reports from the Senior Officer of the Red Sea Sloops, as well as copies of reports from the commanding officers of HMS Penzance and HMS Enterprise respectively.
The file features the following principal correspondents: His Majesty's Minister at Jedda (Sir Andrew Ryan, succeeded by Sir Reader William Bullard); His Majesty's Chargé d'Affaires to Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert); the Secretary of State for the Colonies (Philip Cunliffe-Lister); the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Sir John Simon); the Senior Officer of the Red Sea Sloops; the Commander of HMS Penzance ; His Majesty's Ambassador in Rome (James Eric Drummond); the Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Yemen; officials of the Colonial Office, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Foreign Office, the Admiralty.
Although the file includes material dating from 1934 to 1938, most of the material dates from 1934. The French material consists of three telegrams addressed to the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs by Yemen's Minister for Foreign Affairs.
The file includes two dividers which give a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. These are placed at the back of the correspondence (folios 2-3).
- Extent and format
- 1 file (457 folios)
The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 458; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.
- Written in
- English and French in Latin script View the complete information for this record
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