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Coll 6/65 'Relations between Saudi-Arabia and the Yemen.' [‎37v] (74/917)

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The record is made up of 1 file (457 folios). It was created in 30 Apr 1934-27 Jan 1938. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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4
Article 6.
The two high contracting parties undertake immediately to withdraw their
troops from the country which, by virtue of this treaty, becomes the possession
of the other party, and to safeguard the inhabitants and troops.
Article 7. ^
The two high contracting parties each undertake to prevent their people fiom
committing any harmful or hostile act against the people of the other kingdom,
in any district or on any route; to prevent raiding between the Bedouin on both
sides; to return all (property) which is established by legal investigation, after
the ratification of this treaty, as having been taken; to give compensation for all
damage, according as may be legally necessary, where crimes of murder or
wounding have been committed ; and severely to punish anyone proved to have
committed any hostile act. This article shall continue operative until another
agreement shall have been drawn up between the two parties as to the manner of
investigating and estimating damage and loss.
Article 8.
The two high contracting parties mutually undertake to refrain from
resorting to force in all difficulties between them, and to do their utmost to settle
any disputes which may arise between them, whether caused by this treaty or the
interpretation of all or any of its articles or resulting from any other cause, by
friendly representations; in the event of inability to agree by this means each of
the two parties undertakes to resort to arbitration, of which the conditions, the
manner of demand, and the conduct are explained in the appendix attached to this
treaty. This appendix shall have the force and authority of this treaty, and shall
be considered as an integral part of it.
Article 9.
The two high contracting parties undertake, by all moral and material means
at their command, to prevent the use of their territory as a base and centre for
any hostile action or enterprise, or preparations therefor, against the country of
the other party. They also undertake to take the following measures immediately
on receipt of a written demand from the Government of the other party :—
(1) If the person endeavouring to foment insurrection is a subject of the
Government which receives the application to take measures, he should,
after the matter has been legally investigated and established, receive
a deterrent punishment which will put an end to his actions and
prevent their recurrence.
(2) If the person endeavouring to foment insurrection is a subject of the
Government making the demand for measures to be taken, he should be
immediately arrested by the Government applied to and handed over
to the Government making the demand. The Government asked to
surrender him shall have no right to excuse themselves from carrying
out this demand, but shall be bound to take adequate steps to prevent
the flight of the person asked for, and in the event of the person asked
for being able to run ayray, the Government from whose territory he
has fled shall undertake not to allow him to return to its territory, and
if he is able so to return, shall arrest him and hand him over to his
Government.
(3) If the person endeavouring to foment insurrection is a subject of a third
Government, the Government to whom the demand is made and who
finds the person in its territories, shall immediately and directly after
the receipt of the demand of the other Government, take steps to expel
him from its country, and to consider him as undesirable and to
prevent him from returning there in future.
Article 10.
The two high contracting parties agree not to receive anyone who has fled
from the jurisdiction of his Government, whether he be great or small, official or
non-official, an individual or a group. Each of the high contracting parties shall

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Content

This file concerns Saudi-Yemeni relations, beginning with the final weeks of hostilities between the two countries before going on to cover peace negotiations and the reoccupation of Hodeidah (also transliterated as Hodeida) by the Yemeni authorities, following the gradual withdrawal of Saudi troops.

Related matters discussed in the correspondence include the following:

In addition to correspondence the file includes the following:

  • Extracts from Aden, Bahrain, and Kuwait political intelligence summaries.
  • Copies of an English translation of the Treaty of Taif.
  • A copy of an English translation of the Treaty between King Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] and the Idrisi [Sayyid Muḥammad bin ‘Alī al-Idrīsī], signed on 31 August 1920.
  • Copies of extracts from reports from the Senior Officer of the Red Sea Sloops, as well as copies of reports from the commanding officers of HMS Penzance and HMS Enterprise respectively.

The file features the following principal correspondents: His Majesty's Minister at Jedda (Sir Andrew Ryan, succeeded by Sir Reader William Bullard); His Majesty's Chargé d'Affaires to Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert); the Secretary of State for the Colonies (Philip Cunliffe-Lister); the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Sir John Simon); the Senior Officer of the Red Sea Sloops; the Commander of HMS Penzance ; His Majesty's Ambassador in Rome (James Eric Drummond); the Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Yemen; officials of the Colonial Office, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Foreign Office, the Admiralty.

Although the file includes material dating from 1934 to 1938, most of the material dates from 1934. The French material consists of three telegrams addressed to the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs by Yemen's Minister for Foreign Affairs.

The file includes two dividers which give a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. These are placed at the back of the correspondence (folios 2-3).

Extent and format
1 file (457 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 458; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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Coll 6/65 'Relations between Saudi-Arabia and the Yemen.' [‎37v] (74/917), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2132, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100045327440.0x00004d> [accessed 22 September 2019]

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