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Coll 6/65 'Relations between Saudi-Arabia and the Yemen.' [‎38v] (76/917)

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The record is made up of 1 file (457 folios). It was created in 30 Apr 1934-27 Jan 1938. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Article 16.
The two high contracting parties, who are bound by Islamic brotherhood and
Arab origin, announce that their two nations are one nation, that they do not
wish any evil to anyone, and that they will do their best to promote the interest
of their nation, in the shade of tranquillity and quietness, and will exert their
best endeavours in all ways for the good of their countries and then natioi\
intending no hostility to anyone.
Article 17.
In the event of any external aggression on the country of one of the two high
contracting parties, the other party shall be bound to carry out the following
undertakings :—
(1) To adopt complete neutrality secretly and openly.
(2) To co-operate mentally and morally as far as possible.
(3) To undertake negotiations with the other party to discover the best way
of guaranteeing the safety of the country of that party and of
preventing its being harmed, and to refrain from any act which might
be interpreted as assisting that external aggressor.
Article 18.
In the event of insurrection or hostilities taking place within the country of
one of the two high contracting parties, both of them mutually undertake as
follows :—
(1) To take all necessary effective measures to prevent the aggressors or the
rebels from making use of their territories.
(2) To prevent fugitives from taking refuge in their countries, and to hand
them over or expel them if they have entered, as explained in articles 9
and 10 above.
(3) To prevent its subjects joining the aggressors or rebels, and to refrain
from encouraging or supplying them.
(4) To prevent assistance, supplies, arms and ammunition reaching the enemy
or the rebels.
Article 19.
The two high contracting parties announce their desire to do everything
possible to facilitate postal and telegraphic services, to increase the communica
tions between the two countries, and to facilitate the exchange of commodities
and agricultural and commercial products between them; to undertake detailed
negotiations, in order to conclude a customs agreement to safeguard the economic
interest of their two countries, by unifying customs duties throughout the two
countries, or by special regulations designed to secure the advantage of the two
sides. Nothing in this article shall restrict the freedom of either of the two high
contracting parties in any manner until the conclusion of the agreement referred
to has been accomplished.
Article 20.
Each of the two high contracting parties declares its readiness to authorise
its representatives and delegates abroad, if such there be, to represent the other
party, whenever the other party desires this, in any matter or at any time. It
is understood that whenever representatives of both parties are together in one
place they shall collaborate in order to unify their policy to promote the interests
of their two countries, which are one nation. It is understood that this article
does not restrict the freedom of either side in any manner whatsoever in any
of its rights. Similarly, it cannot be interpreted as limiting the freedom of
either of them or of compelling either to adopt this course.
Article 21.
The contents of the agreement signed on the 5th Shaban, 1350, shall in any
case be cancelled as from the date of ratification of this treaty.

About this item


This file concerns Saudi-Yemeni relations, beginning with the final weeks of hostilities between the two countries before going on to cover peace negotiations and the reoccupation of Hodeidah (also transliterated as Hodeida) by the Yemeni authorities, following the gradual withdrawal of Saudi troops.

Related matters discussed in the correspondence include the following:

In addition to correspondence the file includes the following:

  • Extracts from Aden, Bahrain, and Kuwait political intelligence summaries.
  • Copies of an English translation of the Treaty of Taif.
  • A copy of an English translation of the Treaty between King Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] and the Idrisi [Sayyid Muḥammad bin ‘Alī al-Idrīsī], signed on 31 August 1920.
  • Copies of extracts from reports from the Senior Officer of the Red Sea Sloops, as well as copies of reports from the commanding officers of HMS Penzance and HMS Enterprise respectively.

The file features the following principal correspondents: His Majesty's Minister at Jedda (Sir Andrew Ryan, succeeded by Sir Reader William Bullard); His Majesty's Chargé d'Affaires to Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert); the Secretary of State for the Colonies (Philip Cunliffe-Lister); the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Sir John Simon); the Senior Officer of the Red Sea Sloops; the Commander of HMS Penzance ; His Majesty's Ambassador in Rome (James Eric Drummond); the Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Yemen; officials of the Colonial Office, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Foreign Office, the Admiralty.

Although the file includes material dating from 1934 to 1938, most of the material dates from 1934. The French material consists of three telegrams addressed to the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs by Yemen's Minister for Foreign Affairs.

The file includes two dividers which give a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. These are placed at the back of the correspondence (folios 2-3).

Extent and format
1 file (457 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 458; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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Coll 6/65 'Relations between Saudi-Arabia and the Yemen.' [‎38v] (76/917), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2132, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 22 January 2020]

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