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Coll 6/65 'Relations between Saudi-Arabia and the Yemen.' [‎39r] (77/917)

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The record is made up of 1 file (457 folios). It was created in 30 Apr 1934-27 Jan 1938. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Article 22.
This treaty shall be ratified and confirmed by Their Honourable Majesties
the two Kings within the shortest possible time, having regard to the common
interest of the two sides in this (being done). It shall come into force as from
the date of the exchange of the instruments of ratification, except as regards what
.has been laid down in article 1, relative to the ending of the state of war
immediately after its signature. It shall continue in force for a period of
twenty (20) complete lunar years. It may be renewed or modified during the
six months preceding its expiry. If not so renewed or modified by that date,
it shall remain in force until six months after such time as one party has given
notice to the other party of his desire to modify it.
Article 23.
This treaty shall be called the Treaty of Taif. It has been drawn up in
two copies in the noble Arabic language, each of the two high contracting parties
being in the possession of one copy.
In witness whereof each of the plenipotentiaries has affixed his signature.
Written in the city of Jedda( 1 ) on the sixth day of the month of Safar
thirteen hundred and fifty-three.
( 1 ) The treaty was signed at Taif and “ Jedda ” is probably only a slip.
Arbitration Covenant between the Saudi Arab Kingdom and the
Kingdom of the Yemen.
Whereas their Majesties the Imams King Abdul Aziz, King of the Saudi
Arab Kingdom, and King Yahya, King of the Yemen, have agreed in accordance
with article 8 of the Treaty of Peace, Friendship and Good Understanding,
known as the Treaty of Taif, signed on the 6th Safar, 1353, to refer to arbitration
any dispute or difference which may arise out of the relations between them, their
Governments and countries, when all friendly representations fail to settle it,
the two high contracting parties undertake to effect arbitration in the manner
shown in the following articles :—
Each of the two high contracting parties undertakes to accept reference of
the question in dispute to arbitration within one month of the date of receipt
of the other party of a demand for arbitration.
Article 2.
The arbitration shall be undertaken by a committee composed of an equal
number of arbitrators, half of whom shall be selected by each of the two parties.
A chief arbitrator shall be selected by mutual agreement between the two high
contracting parties. If they do not agree in this respect, each of them shall
nominate a person, and if either party accepts the peison nominated by the other
party, the person in question shall become chief arbitrator. If even this cannot
be agreed upon, the chief arbitrator shall be chosen by ballot, on the understanding
that the ballot shall only be drawn on persons acceptable to both parties. The
person chosen by ballot shall become the head of the arbitration committee, and
entitled to settle the case. If, however, agreement cannot be arrived at on the
persons acceptable to both parties, negotiations shall be carried on until the two
parties agree on this point.

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This file concerns Saudi-Yemeni relations, beginning with the final weeks of hostilities between the two countries before going on to cover peace negotiations and the reoccupation of Hodeidah (also transliterated as Hodeida) by the Yemeni authorities, following the gradual withdrawal of Saudi troops.

Related matters discussed in the correspondence include the following:

In addition to correspondence the file includes the following:

  • Extracts from Aden, Bahrain, and Kuwait political intelligence summaries.
  • Copies of an English translation of the Treaty of Taif.
  • A copy of an English translation of the Treaty between King Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] and the Idrisi [Sayyid Muḥammad bin ‘Alī al-Idrīsī], signed on 31 August 1920.
  • Copies of extracts from reports from the Senior Officer of the Red Sea Sloops, as well as copies of reports from the commanding officers of HMS Penzance and HMS Enterprise respectively.

The file features the following principal correspondents: His Majesty's Minister at Jedda (Sir Andrew Ryan, succeeded by Sir Reader William Bullard); His Majesty's Chargé d'Affaires to Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert); the Secretary of State for the Colonies (Philip Cunliffe-Lister); the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Sir John Simon); the Senior Officer of the Red Sea Sloops; the Commander of HMS Penzance ; His Majesty's Ambassador in Rome (James Eric Drummond); the Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Yemen; officials of the Colonial Office, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Foreign Office, the Admiralty.

Although the file includes material dating from 1934 to 1938, most of the material dates from 1934. The French material consists of three telegrams addressed to the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs by Yemen's Minister for Foreign Affairs.

The file includes two dividers which give a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. These are placed at the back of the correspondence (folios 2-3).

Extent and format
1 file (457 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 458; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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Coll 6/65 'Relations between Saudi-Arabia and the Yemen.' [‎39r] (77/917), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2132, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 15 October 2019]

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