Coll 6/65 'Relations between Saudi-Arabia and the Yemen.' [94r] (187/917)
The record is made up of 1 file (457 folios). It was created in 30 Apr 1934-27 Jan 1938. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
9. The main difference between the two plans was that
whereas I had arranged to protect a definite block of adjacent
houses, selected on account of (a) suitability for defence,
(b) accommodation and (c) value, all British subjects assembling
in these houses, the Italians intended to place an armed guard
in every house occupied by an Italian subject, with a reserve
stationed in Doctor TAZZI'S house. (The Italian subjects number
approximately 30. At present the British list totals 340, all
of whom have been warned as to their procedure in emergency).
10. The French plan was in reality an extension of the
British, i.e., three or four more houses had been added to tbe
British block. (French subjects total 15).
♦ * * *
3RD JUNE * 12. All ships dressed overall on the occasion of
d.M. ike King’s birthday and also of Italian Constitution Day.
Commanding Officer of "Agio* very courteously paid me an official
visit in honour of the occasion, \diich I returned. By arrange
ment, Commanding Officer of "YPRES" also met me onboard "AZIO".
No salutes were fired by the wish of the AMIR FEISAL, to which
"AZI0 w had expressed his willingness to conform.
13. In the late afternoon, the IDRISIS AL HASAN and ABDUL
AZIZ arrived in HODSIDA by car to be surrendered to the AMIR
FEISAL. News was also received that the IDRISI ABDUL WAHAB was
to be surrendered at ABOU ARISE.
* * * *
4TH JUNB . 15. SALEH JAFFER gave me an eye-witness account of
the reception by the AMIR FEISAL of the IDRISIS. He was
extremely kind and promised them that everything would be done
for their comfort. He placed a large house at their disposal
and assured them of their complete safety.
16. The surrender of the IDRISIS gave rise to great and
varied speculation. It was fairly certain that some tribes
hitherto loyal to the IMAM would now turn against him, with vftiat
effect it was difficult to predict. The military situation had
appeared to be very advantageous to the YEMENI forces, and the
turn of events caused a good deal of surprise, and relief to the
SAUDIS in HODEIDA. This surprise was shared by the Italians
with ill concealed annoyance.
17. Confirmation and further details of the landing of
arms and ammunition by the Italians at MOCHA on 25th May,(my
1933/29 May) was received to-day. 6,000 cases of ammunition
and 2,000 cases of rifles and machine guns were loaned by
s.s. "ERITREA”. Cases were disembarked into dhows specially
ordered for the purpose*.
* * * *
19. "PENZANCE” sailed at 1230 for KAMARAN and ”YPRES” at
1630 for JIB0UTI. The latter had reoeivdd sudden orders, and
asked me to be good enough to inform his agent and NAJIB SALHA.
This I did. The French agent is old and quite blind.
Commander DE BADENS of ”YPRES” has suggested to his Government
that a new agent be appointed.
About this item
This file concerns Saudi-Yemeni relations, beginning with the final weeks of hostilities between the two countries before going on to cover peace negotiations and the reoccupation of Hodeidah (also transliterated as Hodeida) by the Yemeni authorities, following the gradual withdrawal of Saudi troops.
Related matters discussed in the correspondence include the following:
- The situation at Hodeidah, as reported by the Commanding Officer of HMS Penzance .
- Arrangements for the simultaneous withdrawal of foreign warships from Hodeidah.
- The progress of Saudi-Yemeni treaty negotiations, and the wording of the resulting Treaty of Taif, concluded between Saudi Arabia and Yemen on 20 May 1934, and ratified on 22 June 1934.
- Costs recovered from the Imam of Yemen [Yaḥyā Muḥammad Ḥamīd al-Dīn] by the British for the internment of Yemeni soldiers in Aden during the Saudi-Yemeni conflict.
- Details of other costs incurred by the British during the Saudi-Yemeni War, as calculated by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. at Aden [Bernard Rawdon Reilly], and discussion as to whether any part of these expenses should be borne by Government of India revenues.
- The reported presence of members of the Idrisi [al-Idrīsī] family in Mecca.
In addition to correspondence the file includes the following:
- Extracts from Aden, Bahrain, and Kuwait political intelligence summaries.
- Copies of an English translation of the Treaty of Taif.
- A copy of an English translation of the Treaty between King Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] and the Idrisi [Sayyid Muḥammad bin ‘Alī al-Idrīsī], signed on 31 August 1920.
- Copies of extracts from reports from the Senior Officer of the Red Sea Sloops, as well as copies of reports from the commanding officers of HMS Penzance and HMS Enterprise respectively.
The file features the following principal correspondents: His Majesty's Minister at Jedda (Sir Andrew Ryan, succeeded by Sir Reader William Bullard); His Majesty's Chargé d'Affaires to Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert); the Secretary of State for the Colonies (Philip Cunliffe-Lister); the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Sir John Simon); the Senior Officer of the Red Sea Sloops; the Commander of HMS Penzance ; His Majesty's Ambassador in Rome (James Eric Drummond); the Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Yemen; officials of the Colonial Office, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Foreign Office, the Admiralty.
Although the file includes material dating from 1934 to 1938, most of the material dates from 1934. The French material consists of three telegrams addressed to the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs by Yemen's Minister for Foreign Affairs.
The file includes two dividers which give a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. These are placed at the back of the correspondence (folios 2-3).
- Extent and format
- 1 file (457 folios)
The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 458; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.
- Written in
- English and French in Latin script View the complete information for this record
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- Coll 6/65 'Relations between Saudi-Arabia and the Yemen.'
- front, front-i, 2r:28v, 30r:35v, 41r:43v, 45r:70v, 92r:113r, 115r:130v, 132r:154v, 156r:180v, 182r:200v, 202r:210v, 212r:280v, 283r:287v, 291r:292v, 294r:307r, 308r:322v, 324r:338v, 341r:349v, 351r:365v, 368r:381v, 383r:442v, 445r:447v, 450r:455v, 458r:458v, back
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