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Coll 6/65 'Relations between Saudi-Arabia and the Yemen.' [‎95r] (189/917)

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The record is made up of 1 file (457 folios). It was created in 30 Apr 1934-27 Jan 1938. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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A
20* In the erening I was entertained at dinner in "ji^TO"
by Oapltano di tfregata kZZl (Senior Italian Naval T „ wn
Capitano di Corvetta HiOfIEHI, Commanding Officer of the TURBINE ,
was also dining with him. A marked contrast. A5555T, slightly
deaf, formal to a degree, entirely devoid of humour, speaking
little English and understanding less. RAHIEBI* bright,
vivacious, informal and speaking perfect English. I gave him a
passage to "TURBINE” in ®y boat that night, and he told me that
AftZt was a byeword for his extreme formality and lor the number
and length of his cypher messages. It was evident r het the
Commanding Officers of both the Italian destroyers viewed their
present role with distaste, consisting as it did of ferrying
stores and officers and men of "A55IO" (who go on leave in batches)
backwards and forwards between MASSOWA and HODEIM, with the
possibility of a landing under unpleasant circumstances in the
background*
7TH JUNE. 21. SALEH JAFFER informed me that RTEA, an important
mercKanr and uncle-in-law of the IMAM'S third son, AL HUSSEIN,
had received a private letter from SANAA enquiring whether any
foreign flags were being flown in HODEIDA. The IMaM'S aversion
to the display of any flag other than the YEMENI is well known.
22. SALEH JAFFEF also informed me that I BN SAUD had sent
the IDRISIS a present of £200 in the form of a draft on the AMIR
FSISAL. This draft the latter had been either unable or unwill
ing to meet and the IDRTSIS were consequently without funds of
any sort.
23. "TURBINS" sailed for MASSOWA shortly after midnight,
7th/8th June.
KAMARA*. 26. Officer Commanding British Forces, ADEN, very kindly
lOtli -~13th arranged a special air mail trip which arrived shortly alter noon
jon 11th June. At my suggestion an Officer was also sent by
Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , ADEN to discuss the question of the security
of KAMAIUN when the SAUDI withdrawal from HODEIBA commenced, if
"PEN3ANC®" were withdrawn to refit at MALTA. political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency.
ADEN was quite emphatic in his views as to the danger of on
influx of armed refugees, and even the possibility of armed raids,
from the mainland. It was also evident that one sloop should
remain continuously at HODEIDA for the present. I reported
accordingly to commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean (ray 1607/11 and
1824/13/June) and subsequently was informed by him that refit of
"PEN3ANCE" might be deferred, but that she was to proceed to
MALTA as soon as the situation permitted. (C-in-Ci, Med.2268/
14/June).
* * *
HODS I DA. 28. "PENBANCB" sailed for KAMARAN at 1230. The YEMENI
liSjUNE. delegate ABDULLAH IAZIE, and the peace mission arrived in
s.s. "EL HAM" at 2200, the former to make arrangements with the
AMIR FEISAL the transfer of H0DETDA after ratification of
the peace treaty, and the latter to proceed to SANAA to visit
the IMAM on the occasion of the aignsture of peace. They
remained onboard "EL HAK" for the night.
29. Movements of bodies of SAUDI troops continued almost
daily in various directions, and were reported us they occurred.
Their significance was so doubtful that they have not been
Included...«

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Content

This file concerns Saudi-Yemeni relations, beginning with the final weeks of hostilities between the two countries before going on to cover peace negotiations and the reoccupation of Hodeidah (also transliterated as Hodeida) by the Yemeni authorities, following the gradual withdrawal of Saudi troops.

Related matters discussed in the correspondence include the following:

In addition to correspondence the file includes the following:

  • Extracts from Aden, Bahrain, and Kuwait political intelligence summaries.
  • Copies of an English translation of the Treaty of Taif.
  • A copy of an English translation of the Treaty between King Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] and the Idrisi [Sayyid Muḥammad bin ‘Alī al-Idrīsī], signed on 31 August 1920.
  • Copies of extracts from reports from the Senior Officer of the Red Sea Sloops, as well as copies of reports from the commanding officers of HMS Penzance and HMS Enterprise respectively.

The file features the following principal correspondents: His Majesty's Minister at Jedda (Sir Andrew Ryan, succeeded by Sir Reader William Bullard); His Majesty's Chargé d'Affaires to Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert); the Secretary of State for the Colonies (Philip Cunliffe-Lister); the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Sir John Simon); the Senior Officer of the Red Sea Sloops; the Commander of HMS Penzance ; His Majesty's Ambassador in Rome (James Eric Drummond); the Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Yemen; officials of the Colonial Office, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Foreign Office, the Admiralty.

Although the file includes material dating from 1934 to 1938, most of the material dates from 1934. The French material consists of three telegrams addressed to the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs by Yemen's Minister for Foreign Affairs.

The file includes two dividers which give a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. These are placed at the back of the correspondence (folios 2-3).

Extent and format
1 file (457 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 458; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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Coll 6/65 'Relations between Saudi-Arabia and the Yemen.' [‎95r] (189/917), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2132, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100045327440.0x0000c0> [accessed 19 September 2019]

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