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Coll 6/65 'Relations between Saudi-Arabia and the Yemen.' [‎109r] (217/917)

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The record is made up of 1 file (457 folios). It was created in 30 Apr 1934-27 Jan 1938. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Tihamat Asir; then bends north to the north-westerly limit ot the Beni
Juma; then east to the boundaries of Nuqaa and Waar belonging to the
Waila tribe and the boundaries of the Yam; then to Madhiq Marwan and
the Rifada pass; then east to the boundary between tribes of the stock of
Hamdan-bin-Zeyd, Waila, &c., and the Yam. The sketch enclosed in
-- Chancery letter of the 12th June to the Eastern Department seems to
correspond fairly well with this definition, if the line be continued more or
less east between Najran and the Beni Wail, though it is doubtless very
inaccurate in detail.
Art. 5. No fortifications to be erected within 5 kilom. of the frontier.
Art. 6 . Occupying forces of each party to be withdrawn forthwith from
the territory of the other and protection to be afforded to the inhabitants and
troops. . . .
Art. 7. Each party to restrain his people from hostile action against those
of the other and to prevent raiding. Captured property to be restored in
accordance with legal investigation after the ratification of the treaty; legal
damages to be guaranteed in cases of murder, &c., and hostile acts to be punished
upon proof of them. This provision to operate pending a further agreement on
the mode of assessing and investigating claims.
Art. 8 . Parties not to resort to force for settlement of disputes arising
between them under this treaty or otherwise. Failing settlement by friendly
negotiations, such disputes shall be referred to arbitration to be conducted in
accordance with the annexed agreement, which will be deemed an integral part
of the treaty.
Art. 9. Each party to prevent action or preparations in his territory
directed against the other party and to take action defined in this article against
their authors on receipt of a written demand.
Note. —The action to be taken is defined under three heads according
to whether the persons involved are subjects of the party applied to, of the
applicant party or of a third party. The provisions are not unlike those
laid down in the corresponding article of the Saudi-Transjordan treaty of
July 1933.
Art. 10. Fugitives from the jurisdiction of either party not to be admitted
by the other. Entrance to be prevented and persons circumventing measures to
prevent it to be disarmed, arrested and surrendered; or if they cannot be arrested
to be driven back to the country to which they belong.
Art. 11. Governors and officials of either party to be prevented from inter
fering with the subjects of the other. Measures to be taken to obviate disturbance
or misunderstanding as a result of such action.
Art. 12. People of areas assigned to each party under this treaty to be the
subjects of that party. Neither party to accept as his subjects the subjects of the
other party without the latter’s consent. Subjects of either party in the territory
of the other to be dealt with in accordance with the local law.
Art. 13. Amnesty to be granted by each party to the subjects of the other
residing in his territory; to his own subjects who have taken refuge with or
joined the other party, both as regards crimes and as regards property taken from
the time of their doing so to the time of their return. In case of doubt on the part
of either party as to the fulfilment of this clause, he may call upon the other party
to convoke a meeting of the representatives who have signed this treaty, failing
either of whom he may be replaced by a person having stated qualifications. Their
decision to be binding.
Note. —The first sentence of this is very loose. The main object of the
whole article appears to be to give the maximum of protection to tribesmen
and others who have sided with the other party in territory now reverting
to one or the other party.
Art. 14. Property of persons benefiting by the amnesty to be restored to
them on their return to their country or to their heirs. Goods of the subjects of
either party not to be sequestrated by the other party.
[156 k— 1 ] b 2

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Content

This file concerns Saudi-Yemeni relations, beginning with the final weeks of hostilities between the two countries before going on to cover peace negotiations and the reoccupation of Hodeidah (also transliterated as Hodeida) by the Yemeni authorities, following the gradual withdrawal of Saudi troops.

Related matters discussed in the correspondence include the following:

In addition to correspondence the file includes the following:

  • Extracts from Aden, Bahrain, and Kuwait political intelligence summaries.
  • Copies of an English translation of the Treaty of Taif.
  • A copy of an English translation of the Treaty between King Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] and the Idrisi [Sayyid Muḥammad bin ‘Alī al-Idrīsī], signed on 31 August 1920.
  • Copies of extracts from reports from the Senior Officer of the Red Sea Sloops, as well as copies of reports from the commanding officers of HMS Penzance and HMS Enterprise respectively.

The file features the following principal correspondents: His Majesty's Minister at Jedda (Sir Andrew Ryan, succeeded by Sir Reader William Bullard); His Majesty's Chargé d'Affaires to Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert); the Secretary of State for the Colonies (Philip Cunliffe-Lister); the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Sir John Simon); the Senior Officer of the Red Sea Sloops; the Commander of HMS Penzance ; His Majesty's Ambassador in Rome (James Eric Drummond); the Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Yemen; officials of the Colonial Office, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Foreign Office, the Admiralty.

Although the file includes material dating from 1934 to 1938, most of the material dates from 1934. The French material consists of three telegrams addressed to the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs by Yemen's Minister for Foreign Affairs.

The file includes two dividers which give a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. These are placed at the back of the correspondence (folios 2-3).

Extent and format
1 file (457 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 458; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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Coll 6/65 'Relations between Saudi-Arabia and the Yemen.' [‎109r] (217/917), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2132, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100045327441.0x000014> [accessed 22 September 2019]

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