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Coll 6/65 'Relations between Saudi-Arabia and the Yemen.' [‎197r] (393/917)

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The record is made up of 1 file (457 folios). It was created in 30 Apr 1934-27 Jan 1938. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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an equal footing with the Italian Jftrm, while adhering to their
re serration s as to the legality of the demand*
We then too* our leave and returned to our ships*
18* At 2230 Commander Azzi rlsited me and informed me as
to the results of his interview with the Amir*
He stated that his assurances of payment were based on
the fact that his Government had already enquired from "S.A.J^.B. ,,
as to whether payment in cash or in fcind would be preferable*
He added that he had informed the Amir that if payment was not
made within the time specified he would, on his own responsibility
raise no objection to the seizure of goods*
19* On the following morning (23rd) I learned that all the
stoolcs had been returned to this respective stores, but I have
not yet been able to determine whether this was due to a direct
request from Commander Azzi or whether it*was an act of courtesy
on the part of the Sa'udi authorities*
20* On the morning of the 24th Messrs* Besse and Messrs*
hiveratos, accompanied by Mr* Saleh Jaffer ms a witness,
proceeded to the Customs House and there made payment in oash
to the full amount demanded*
In doing so both representatives made a foznal state*
mert to the effect that their compliance was in no way to be
interpreted as a recognition of the justice of the Sa’udi claims*
21. At 1130 (24th) Commander Azzi called on me and stated
that he had just received the anxiously-awaited instructions
from the Italian Government, to the effect that "S.A.I.S*"
should ma£e full payment in cash*
He then proceeded at high speed to the shore, and there
communicated the decision to the Minister of iflnance. i’his
official took up an unhelpful attitude, and indicated that he
would be obliged to act in aooordanoe with the orders already
received unless they were countermanded by the Amir himself*
After some delay, an audience was therefore arranged with Prince
ffeisal, at which the dispute was finally settled to the satis
faction of both parties*
Payment was accordingly made of approximately 50$ of
the total sum, the balance being promised as soon as the
necessary bullion could be collected*
22 * I consider that so far as the local situation is
conoerned, the matter may now be regarded as olosed, and have
informed Messrs* Besse and Messrs* Liveratos that I assume that
if it is desired to pursue the question further, representations
will be forwarded by their Principals.
23. Mr* Saleh Jaffer has kept Seyyld Abdullah al W&zlr
fully Informed of the course of events, and has emphasised to
him that if the normal procedure (see paragraph 2 ) had been
carried out more expeditiously by the Yemeni Government, the
situation as regards the British and the Green Firms would not
have arisen*
24, It will be appreciated that, althougtyfche actions of the
British and Greek Firms have not been beyond critloism, the
attitude of the Italians has been the main source of friction.
This is attributed to the fact that "S.A.H*®*" appears to be
largely a Government trading concern, the conduct of which is at ' 1
times directed by Government officials towards political ends.
It may be mentioned in this connection that the Sa’udi
authorities have never yet acceded to the original request of
the Italians to accord any recognition of official status to

About this item


This file concerns Saudi-Yemeni relations, beginning with the final weeks of hostilities between the two countries before going on to cover peace negotiations and the reoccupation of Hodeidah (also transliterated as Hodeida) by the Yemeni authorities, following the gradual withdrawal of Saudi troops.

Related matters discussed in the correspondence include the following:

In addition to correspondence the file includes the following:

  • Extracts from Aden, Bahrain, and Kuwait political intelligence summaries.
  • Copies of an English translation of the Treaty of Taif.
  • A copy of an English translation of the Treaty between King Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] and the Idrisi [Sayyid Muḥammad bin ‘Alī al-Idrīsī], signed on 31 August 1920.
  • Copies of extracts from reports from the Senior Officer of the Red Sea Sloops, as well as copies of reports from the commanding officers of HMS Penzance and HMS Enterprise respectively.

The file features the following principal correspondents: His Majesty's Minister at Jedda (Sir Andrew Ryan, succeeded by Sir Reader William Bullard); His Majesty's Chargé d'Affaires to Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert); the Secretary of State for the Colonies (Philip Cunliffe-Lister); the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Sir John Simon); the Senior Officer of the Red Sea Sloops; the Commander of HMS Penzance ; His Majesty's Ambassador in Rome (James Eric Drummond); the Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Yemen; officials of the Colonial Office, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Foreign Office, the Admiralty.

Although the file includes material dating from 1934 to 1938, most of the material dates from 1934. The French material consists of three telegrams addressed to the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs by Yemen's Minister for Foreign Affairs.

The file includes two dividers which give a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. These are placed at the back of the correspondence (folios 2-3).

Extent and format
1 file (457 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 458; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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Coll 6/65 'Relations between Saudi-Arabia and the Yemen.' [‎197r] (393/917), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2132, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 September 2019]

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