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Coll 6/65 'Relations between Saudi-Arabia and the Yemen.' [‎236r] (471/917)

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The record is made up of 1 file (457 folios). It was created in 30 Apr 1934-27 Jan 1938. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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me to help arrange matters as regards return of police and
internees to Aden on my arrival at Hodeida. In the event of
British subjects having to be evacuated from Hodeida, the
Resident affirmed that they should be brought to Aden,
At 1146 H«M#3•ENTERPRISE left Aden and proceeded
at 24 knots. I informed H.M.S. PEN3ANCF. of my intended
time of arrival at Hodeida.
At 1810 I received PENZANCE’s 1244/6 (cypher) and
on the information contained therein decided to remain in
the offing off Hodeida during the night, pending Admiralty
instructions. I informed H.M.S. PENZANCK of my decision.
J • At 0846 I received Admiralty message timed 0166/7
(cypher) ordering me not to enter Hodeida anchorage. I
therefore decided to proceed to Kamaran to discover the
situation there and to acquaint the Administrator with the
wishes of the Resident, Aden.
At 0860 I received message 0628z/6 from Commander-in-
transferring H.M.S. ElfrKRPRISE to
commander—in—Chiei, Mediterranean f B command.
At 1006 I informed the Senior Officer, Red Sea Sloops
in HASTINGS of my expected time of arrival at Kamaran and
directed him to rendezvous with me there.
8. At 1130 H.M.S. NTKRPPIS anchored in KAMARAN
Harbour and the Administrator, Captain Wickham, cam e on
board. He reported that there were aporoxijaately 200
internees and 2.000 refugees on Kamaran. He had not wished
to take any, but they refused to return in the dhows they
came in and had they stayed n the dhows they would have
died of thirst. Out of humanity he was compelled to take
them ashore. The 200 internees had given no trouble and
required only one man to guard them - they were terrified of
returning to the mainland.
9. The refugees were leaving at the rate of 300 a day
(starting about 6th May)t now that things on the mainland
had quietened down they were anxious to get back.
10. The s.s. *E1 Amin 1 * arrived at 1226, which rovided
an excellent opportunity fbr transferring internees fom
Kamaran to Aden, particularly as the ship was calling at
Hodeida .here she could pick up the 40 armed olice from
H.M.S. P73rZAHCT;. This was done and the Resident at Aden
informed accordingly.
11. At 2141 I received Admiralty message timed 1602/7
(cypher) ordering me to relieve H.M.S. PSarZANCB u.m. on
dth May, and I informed the Commanding Officer.
H.M.8. PENZANCE and the Resident, Aden to this effect-
(ENTERPRISE’S 0065/8 and 0102/8).
12. On receiving the signal from Senior Officer,
Red Sea Sloops, informing me that he uas unable to arrive
at Kamaran at the time he had indicated in a previous
signal owing to mist, I arranged to rendezvous with him
near Kamaran Island so as not to delay my arrival at Hodeida.
. • • . •

About this item


This file concerns Saudi-Yemeni relations, beginning with the final weeks of hostilities between the two countries before going on to cover peace negotiations and the reoccupation of Hodeidah (also transliterated as Hodeida) by the Yemeni authorities, following the gradual withdrawal of Saudi troops.

Related matters discussed in the correspondence include the following:

In addition to correspondence the file includes the following:

  • Extracts from Aden, Bahrain, and Kuwait political intelligence summaries.
  • Copies of an English translation of the Treaty of Taif.
  • A copy of an English translation of the Treaty between King Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] and the Idrisi [Sayyid Muḥammad bin ‘Alī al-Idrīsī], signed on 31 August 1920.
  • Copies of extracts from reports from the Senior Officer of the Red Sea Sloops, as well as copies of reports from the commanding officers of HMS Penzance and HMS Enterprise respectively.

The file features the following principal correspondents: His Majesty's Minister at Jedda (Sir Andrew Ryan, succeeded by Sir Reader William Bullard); His Majesty's Chargé d'Affaires to Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert); the Secretary of State for the Colonies (Philip Cunliffe-Lister); the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Sir John Simon); the Senior Officer of the Red Sea Sloops; the Commander of HMS Penzance ; His Majesty's Ambassador in Rome (James Eric Drummond); the Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Yemen; officials of the Colonial Office, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Foreign Office, the Admiralty.

Although the file includes material dating from 1934 to 1938, most of the material dates from 1934. The French material consists of three telegrams addressed to the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs by Yemen's Minister for Foreign Affairs.

The file includes two dividers which give a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. These are placed at the back of the correspondence (folios 2-3).

Extent and format
1 file (457 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 458; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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Coll 6/65 'Relations between Saudi-Arabia and the Yemen.' [‎236r] (471/917), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2132, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 September 2019]

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