Coll 6/65 'Relations between Saudi-Arabia and the Yemen.' [237r] (473/917)
The record is made up of 1 file (457 folios). It was created in 30 Apr 1934-27 Jan 1938. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
At 1030 H.M.3. ENTERPRISE sailed from Kama ran
and effected the rendezvous with HASTINGS at 1110.
Senior Officer, Red Sea Sloops coming on board immediately.
At 1200 both ships proceeded, H.M.S.ENTERPRISE
tO Hodeida, H.M.3. HASTINGS to Kaaaran.
At 1420 H.M.3. ENTERPRISE arrived at Hodeida,
anc ioring 3 miles off shore, and the Commanding Officer,
H.M.S. PENZANCE came on board at 1430 to explain the
situation. (See H.M.S. PENZANCE* e report No.O/65 of Nth
May) (Accompanying tracing shows the position of ships in
At 1600 I received the Italian Officer of the
He conveyed to me the compliments of Capitano di
Guard, He conveyed to me the compliments of Capitano di
Vascello Mario Bonetti of the Survey Vessel *MAgNAGHI* and
informed me that he had transferred to the "AZIO* and was
acting as Italian S.N.O.
14. At 1630 I left H.M.S. ENTERPRISE in company with
the Commanding Officer H.M.S. PENZANCE and Commander C.H.L.
Woodhouse of H.M.S. ENTERPRISE landing at 1600. I was
received by the Amir Peisal in command of the Saudi
occupation of Hodeida. He received me with many cordial
expressions of friendship for Great Britain and thanks
for the steadying influence thich the presence ct
H.M.S. PENZANCE had on the community. He gave the most
emphatic assurance of his ability to protect the lives and
property of British subjects so long as he was in occupation.
He assured me that all was quiet and peaceful in the town
and this was evidenced by my own personal observation and
supported by the knowledge of affairs of the British Agent.
I informed the Amir that I was entirely satisfied with his
assurance and guarantee of protection, and as evidence of
this further informed him that the signal party from H.M.S.
PENZANCE had already returned to their ship and that no
party would be landed from H.M.S. ENTERPRISE. I also
informed him that H.M.S. PE JZANCE would sail at 1830 that
The Amir expressed annoyance at the presence in
the town of 36 men from the Italian ship; he stated that their
presence was having a disturbing effect on the community and
that he would be glad if I could persuade the Italian S.N.O.
to withdraw them . I assured him that the British
Government in their strict maintenance of neutrality was
using its best endeavours to persuade the Italian Government
to withdraw their landing party as H.M.S. PENZANCE had db ne.
Before concluding the interview I invited the Amir
to visit H.M.S. ENTERPRISE, but with expressions of regret
he had to decline owing to pressure of work at the present
16. I then called on the Italian S.N.O. who had
transferred to the sloop "AZIO* while his own ship the
"AMMIRAGLIO MAGNAGHI" sailed for the coast of Eritrea to
pick upnhis surveying parties which had been left there.
I called on the Italian S.N.O. first, as it was
important that I should see him at once, and, H.M.S.ENTERPRISE
being 2 miles further out, much time would be saved,
particularly as the weather was uncomfortable for boat work.
I 7 * I informed the Italian S.N.O. of my visit to the
Amir Peisal and that, having received f om him the most
emphatic assurance of there being no danger whatever to our
About this item
This file concerns Saudi-Yemeni relations, beginning with the final weeks of hostilities between the two countries before going on to cover peace negotiations and the reoccupation of Hodeidah (also transliterated as Hodeida) by the Yemeni authorities, following the gradual withdrawal of Saudi troops.
Related matters discussed in the correspondence include the following:
- The situation at Hodeidah, as reported by the Commanding Officer of HMS Penzance .
- Arrangements for the simultaneous withdrawal of foreign warships from Hodeidah.
- The progress of Saudi-Yemeni treaty negotiations, and the wording of the resulting Treaty of Taif, concluded between Saudi Arabia and Yemen on 20 May 1934, and ratified on 22 June 1934.
- Costs recovered from the Imam of Yemen [Yaḥyā Muḥammad Ḥamīd al-Dīn] by the British for the internment of Yemeni soldiers in Aden during the Saudi-Yemeni conflict.
- Details of other costs incurred by the British during the Saudi-Yemeni War, as calculated by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. at Aden [Bernard Rawdon Reilly], and discussion as to whether any part of these expenses should be borne by Government of India revenues.
- The reported presence of members of the Idrisi [al-Idrīsī] family in Mecca.
In addition to correspondence the file includes the following:
- Extracts from Aden, Bahrain, and Kuwait political intelligence summaries.
- Copies of an English translation of the Treaty of Taif.
- A copy of an English translation of the Treaty between King Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] and the Idrisi [Sayyid Muḥammad bin ‘Alī al-Idrīsī], signed on 31 August 1920.
- Copies of extracts from reports from the Senior Officer of the Red Sea Sloops, as well as copies of reports from the commanding officers of HMS Penzance and HMS Enterprise respectively.
The file features the following principal correspondents: His Majesty's Minister at Jedda (Sir Andrew Ryan, succeeded by Sir Reader William Bullard); His Majesty's Chargé d'Affaires to Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert); the Secretary of State for the Colonies (Philip Cunliffe-Lister); the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Sir John Simon); the Senior Officer of the Red Sea Sloops; the Commander of HMS Penzance ; His Majesty's Ambassador in Rome (James Eric Drummond); the Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Yemen; officials of the Colonial Office, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Foreign Office, the Admiralty.
Although the file includes material dating from 1934 to 1938, most of the material dates from 1934. The French material consists of three telegrams addressed to the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs by Yemen's Minister for Foreign Affairs.
The file includes two dividers which give a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. These are placed at the back of the correspondence (folios 2-3).
- Extent and format
- 1 file (457 folios)
The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 458; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.
- Written in
- English and French in Latin script View the complete information for this record
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Coll 6/65 'Relations between Saudi-Arabia and the Yemen.' [237r] (473/917), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2132, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100045327442.0x00004c> [accessed 19 September 2019]
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- Coll 6/65 'Relations between Saudi-Arabia and the Yemen.'
- front, front-i, 2r:28v, 30r:35v, 41r:43v, 45r:70v, 92r:113r, 115r:130v, 132r:154v, 156r:180v, 182r:200v, 202r:210v, 212r:280v, 283r:287v, 291r:292v, 294r:307r, 308r:322v, 324r:338v, 341r:349v, 351r:365v, 368r:381v, 383r:442v, 445r:447v, 450r:455v, 458r:458v, back
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