Coll 6/65 'Relations between Saudi-Arabia and the Yemen.' [253r] (505/917)
The record is made up of 1 file (457 folios). It was created in 30 Apr 1934-27 Jan 1938. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
9. In January 19049 although the situation had
progressirely deteriorated since August# a further delfts
Conference was arranged at AiiBA (in ASIK). The Sa’udi
Foreign Office in conversation with His Britannic Majesty's
Minister at JKDDA (Sir AHBKKT KYAH# R.B.E*tC.M.O.) made
no secret of the fact that they expected nothing from it,
although a cleverly worded pronouncement toy their
representatives in LONDON nd CAIRO was seriously mis
construed by an optimistic outside world. A typical
example of this misunderstanding was a leading article in
*The Times* of 8th February# entitled *Arabia still
It may fairly be assumed that two motives
prompted this manoeuvre. In the first place the King#
Influenced no doubt by the repeated representations of
Sir ANDREW RYAN to avoid at all costs an outbreak of open
hostilities# desired to convince the world - and particularly
the Moslem world# important members of which were at the
time assembling for the annual Pilgrimage - of his un-
ceaaih efforts in the cause of leace.
Secrndly# and from a lass lofty though more
pray tic 1 point of view# he was anxious that no check should
occur to the arrival of the Pilgrims# who furnish the
main source of his revenue. This point was of particular
importance as regards those from EGYPT# who could more
quickly take alarm and cancel their arrangements# and who
in general belong to the more wealthy classes.
10. The Yemeni delegates reached their destination
about the middle of February; nothing however was heard
as to the progress of the discussions until on the 23rd
March a private Secretary to IBM GA'UP brought word to
81r ANDREW RYAN of the complete breakdown on the
negotiations and of the issue of orders for the Sa'udl
forces to advance.
11. It may be well at this point to outline the
facts of the problem of frontier dellniation# as far aa
tney can be ascertained. It should be borne in atid# however#
that the districts themselves are in most instances
unsurveyed# the typical vagueness of native Information
dees little to amplify the avalleole knowledge# while the
Arab custom of referring to territory either by the names
of local landmarks or by those of the tribes in the vicinity
does but add to the confusion.
Referring to Plan No. l.C (. ebruary 1932) of
C.B. 1892 it is believed that the existing frontier
(viewed through s&'udi eyes) starts from a coastal village
or post (MUWASS1M ?) some 10 miles north of MED1# and
thence runs in an East north-easterly direction to the
northward of JEBJSL i A£1H; here it turns north# passes to
the eastward of JEBKL FaIFA# and then bands eastward
through K&JRAN# until# leaving the WADI HABUNA on its
northern hand# it loaee itself in the deaerta of the
About this item
This file concerns Saudi-Yemeni relations, beginning with the final weeks of hostilities between the two countries before going on to cover peace negotiations and the reoccupation of Hodeidah (also transliterated as Hodeida) by the Yemeni authorities, following the gradual withdrawal of Saudi troops.
Related matters discussed in the correspondence include the following:
- The situation at Hodeidah, as reported by the Commanding Officer of HMS Penzance .
- Arrangements for the simultaneous withdrawal of foreign warships from Hodeidah.
- The progress of Saudi-Yemeni treaty negotiations, and the wording of the resulting Treaty of Taif, concluded between Saudi Arabia and Yemen on 20 May 1934, and ratified on 22 June 1934.
- Costs recovered from the Imam of Yemen [Yaḥyā Muḥammad Ḥamīd al-Dīn] by the British for the internment of Yemeni soldiers in Aden during the Saudi-Yemeni conflict.
- Details of other costs incurred by the British during the Saudi-Yemeni War, as calculated by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. at Aden [Bernard Rawdon Reilly], and discussion as to whether any part of these expenses should be borne by Government of India revenues.
- The reported presence of members of the Idrisi [al-Idrīsī] family in Mecca.
In addition to correspondence the file includes the following:
- Extracts from Aden, Bahrain, and Kuwait political intelligence summaries.
- Copies of an English translation of the Treaty of Taif.
- A copy of an English translation of the Treaty between King Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] and the Idrisi [Sayyid Muḥammad bin ‘Alī al-Idrīsī], signed on 31 August 1920.
- Copies of extracts from reports from the Senior Officer of the Red Sea Sloops, as well as copies of reports from the commanding officers of HMS Penzance and HMS Enterprise respectively.
The file features the following principal correspondents: His Majesty's Minister at Jedda (Sir Andrew Ryan, succeeded by Sir Reader William Bullard); His Majesty's Chargé d'Affaires to Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert); the Secretary of State for the Colonies (Philip Cunliffe-Lister); the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Sir John Simon); the Senior Officer of the Red Sea Sloops; the Commander of HMS Penzance ; His Majesty's Ambassador in Rome (James Eric Drummond); the Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Yemen; officials of the Colonial Office, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Foreign Office, the Admiralty.
Although the file includes material dating from 1934 to 1938, most of the material dates from 1934. The French material consists of three telegrams addressed to the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs by Yemen's Minister for Foreign Affairs.
The file includes two dividers which give a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. These are placed at the back of the correspondence (folios 2-3).
- Extent and format
- 1 file (457 folios)
The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 458; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.
- Written in
- English and French in Latin script View the complete information for this record
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- Coll 6/65 'Relations between Saudi-Arabia and the Yemen.'
- front, front-i, 2r:28v, 30r:35v, 41r:43v, 45r:70v, 92r:113r, 115r:130v, 132r:154v, 156r:180v, 182r:200v, 202r:210v, 212r:280v, 283r:287v, 291r:292v, 294r:307r, 308r:322v, 324r:338v, 341r:349v, 351r:365v, 368r:381v, 383r:442v, 445r:447v, 450r:455v, 458r:458v, back
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