Coll 6/65 'Relations between Saudi-Arabia and the Yemen.' [255r] (509/917)
The record is made up of 1 file (457 folios). It was created in 30 Apr 1934-27 Jan 1938. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
that until the present time neither of them have made
an effort to establish themselves there# and the final
disposal of the area a, ^ears therefore to be a reasonable
object for negotiations.
(to) Itmuedlate conBlQeraUoas.
17. The immediate cause of the failure of the ABHA
Conference and the resort by IB# SA* UD to warlike
measures is stated to bethe invasion of the regions
of JKBKL FAIPAt BIL OHAZI and BEKI MALIK by Yemeni
troops# which commenced before the delegates actually
met# and which resulted in the capture of the
Ba'udi garrison of 50 men at a post referred to as
At AkDRA. This direct violation of the existing
frontier is alleged to have been accompanied by the
rebellion of certain tribee# stirred up st the connivance
of the IMAM by ABDUL WAHHAB IDkISI (a nephew of The
XDkISI) and by the installation of Yemeni officials
and the imposition of taxes. In his final message the
IMAM is said to have offered to withdraw the invaders
in return for the recognition of his claims in MBJKAK
and the evacuation of tne Sa'udl forces in that locality#
but st the same time he re inf on ed his Commander in the
J • incursion is held to be all the mere
unjustifiable on account of an agreement# made in
December# 1931# wheiefey 1BN BA*UD admitted the claim
of the IMAM to the district of JttVA (unidentified# but
lying to the south of the frontier described in paragraph
II)> and obtained in return a tacit acknowledgement of
his own righto in the territory now under discussion.
legation staff# Colonel HAMD2 Bey# who among other
tltlea holds that of Director general of Military
Organisation# stated that the IMAM*s forces on ths
ABIR front amount to IS#000 kegulsrs; a further 13#000
Regulars can be concentrated# while the irregular
strength can be brought up to e maximum of 8b# 000 men.
Facte ae to t e strength of the Sa* udi
concentration are lacking. It is known that soma 2
years ago the soi-disant Regular rmy amounted to some
3# 000 men - infantry# cavalry and camelry. Approximately
by sea from «TEJ)DA to JIZAN# and it seems probable that the
total force does not exceed 30#000.
In comparison with thsir opponents# the
forces of IBB BA'OD are# however# much better equipped
with mechanical transport# due largely to the number of
lorries now engaged in the Pilgrim traffic and to
recent purphases# while they also possess s number of
portable wireless sets.
Their weapon equipment# however# is probably
Whatever may be the true facts# HARDI Bey
in an ususual burst of confidence announced his
conviction that within two months the Ss'udi forces
would achieve a crushing victory.
CoBvttrl.on of i orw.
19. In conversation with a member of the British
8#000 tribssmen are believed to have been transported
About this item
This file concerns Saudi-Yemeni relations, beginning with the final weeks of hostilities between the two countries before going on to cover peace negotiations and the reoccupation of Hodeidah (also transliterated as Hodeida) by the Yemeni authorities, following the gradual withdrawal of Saudi troops.
Related matters discussed in the correspondence include the following:
- The situation at Hodeidah, as reported by the Commanding Officer of HMS Penzance .
- Arrangements for the simultaneous withdrawal of foreign warships from Hodeidah.
- The progress of Saudi-Yemeni treaty negotiations, and the wording of the resulting Treaty of Taif, concluded between Saudi Arabia and Yemen on 20 May 1934, and ratified on 22 June 1934.
- Costs recovered from the Imam of Yemen [Yaḥyā Muḥammad Ḥamīd al-Dīn] by the British for the internment of Yemeni soldiers in Aden during the Saudi-Yemeni conflict.
- Details of other costs incurred by the British during the Saudi-Yemeni War, as calculated by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. at Aden [Bernard Rawdon Reilly], and discussion as to whether any part of these expenses should be borne by Government of India revenues.
- The reported presence of members of the Idrisi [al-Idrīsī] family in Mecca.
In addition to correspondence the file includes the following:
- Extracts from Aden, Bahrain, and Kuwait political intelligence summaries.
- Copies of an English translation of the Treaty of Taif.
- A copy of an English translation of the Treaty between King Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] and the Idrisi [Sayyid Muḥammad bin ‘Alī al-Idrīsī], signed on 31 August 1920.
- Copies of extracts from reports from the Senior Officer of the Red Sea Sloops, as well as copies of reports from the commanding officers of HMS Penzance and HMS Enterprise respectively.
The file features the following principal correspondents: His Majesty's Minister at Jedda (Sir Andrew Ryan, succeeded by Sir Reader William Bullard); His Majesty's Chargé d'Affaires to Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert); the Secretary of State for the Colonies (Philip Cunliffe-Lister); the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Sir John Simon); the Senior Officer of the Red Sea Sloops; the Commander of HMS Penzance ; His Majesty's Ambassador in Rome (James Eric Drummond); the Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Yemen; officials of the Colonial Office, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Foreign Office, the Admiralty.
Although the file includes material dating from 1934 to 1938, most of the material dates from 1934. The French material consists of three telegrams addressed to the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs by Yemen's Minister for Foreign Affairs.
The file includes two dividers which give a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. These are placed at the back of the correspondence (folios 2-3).
- Extent and format
- 1 file (457 folios)
The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 458; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.
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- English and French in Latin script View the complete information for this record
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- Coll 6/65 'Relations between Saudi-Arabia and the Yemen.'
- front, front-i, 2r:28v, 30r:35v, 41r:43v, 45r:70v, 92r:113r, 115r:130v, 132r:154v, 156r:180v, 182r:200v, 202r:210v, 212r:280v, 283r:287v, 291r:292v, 294r:307r, 308r:322v, 324r:338v, 341r:349v, 351r:365v, 368r:381v, 383r:442v, 445r:447v, 450r:455v, 458r:458v, back
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