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Coll 6/65 'Relations between Saudi-Arabia and the Yemen.' [‎374r] (747/917)

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The record is made up of 1 file (457 folios). It was created in 30 Apr 1934-27 Jan 1938. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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of MEDI should not h e entered before sunset on the 38th
in case His Majesty’s Government should communicate other
views*
At the same time a repetition of his telegram
No.76 to the Foreign Office, LONDON f was received, in
which he reviewed the situation, and recommended the
visit, adding that he considered that the Sa'udi
Government could have no valid objection to it if he
informed them that the object of the sloop was solely to
re-assure and, if necessary, to assist British subjects in
the town*
30* The Minister’s concurrence and the other
poihtB referred to above were summarised in PENZANCE’S
message timed 0134/28 and arrangements were
made to sail accordingly* The Minister was also informed
that the ship would sail, and that territorial waters
would be entered as nearly at the time desired as
navigational considerations would admit. (PENZANCE’S
message 0136/28, repeated to chief commissioner, ADEN).
31. On the morning of the 28th information was
received from the Administrator that further news had come
to hand. I therefore landed and accompanied him by
car to the north end of the island, where two further
jjarties of refugees had landed. One party was from MEDI,
and included a Yemeni officer and two soldiers, from whoa
it was learned that the town haa been evacuated on the 26tl
by the orders of the Governor (the Amil ABDULLAH AtvASHl),
and that he and the small garrison had fled to the south,
some by dhows and others on foot.
32. This information if correct, materially
altered the situation, since if the occupation of the town
had been accompanied by any looting and violence to the
civil population, it was evident that the ship’s arrival
would/

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Content

This file concerns Saudi-Yemeni relations, beginning with the final weeks of hostilities between the two countries before going on to cover peace negotiations and the reoccupation of Hodeidah (also transliterated as Hodeida) by the Yemeni authorities, following the gradual withdrawal of Saudi troops.

Related matters discussed in the correspondence include the following:

In addition to correspondence the file includes the following:

  • Extracts from Aden, Bahrain, and Kuwait political intelligence summaries.
  • Copies of an English translation of the Treaty of Taif.
  • A copy of an English translation of the Treaty between King Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] and the Idrisi [Sayyid Muḥammad bin ‘Alī al-Idrīsī], signed on 31 August 1920.
  • Copies of extracts from reports from the Senior Officer of the Red Sea Sloops, as well as copies of reports from the commanding officers of HMS Penzance and HMS Enterprise respectively.

The file features the following principal correspondents: His Majesty's Minister at Jedda (Sir Andrew Ryan, succeeded by Sir Reader William Bullard); His Majesty's Chargé d'Affaires to Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert); the Secretary of State for the Colonies (Philip Cunliffe-Lister); the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Sir John Simon); the Senior Officer of the Red Sea Sloops; the Commander of HMS Penzance ; His Majesty's Ambassador in Rome (James Eric Drummond); the Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Yemen; officials of the Colonial Office, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Foreign Office, the Admiralty.

Although the file includes material dating from 1934 to 1938, most of the material dates from 1934. The French material consists of three telegrams addressed to the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs by Yemen's Minister for Foreign Affairs.

The file includes two dividers which give a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. These are placed at the back of the correspondence (folios 2-3).

Extent and format
1 file (457 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 458; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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Coll 6/65 'Relations between Saudi-Arabia and the Yemen.' [‎374r] (747/917), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2132, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100045327443.0x000096> [accessed 15 September 2019]

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