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Coll 30/21(4) 'Persian Gulf: Koweit-Saudi relations. Trade, Bon Voisinage and Extradition Agreements. Desire of Ibn Saud to Establish Customs Post at Wafra' [‎7v] (14/170)

The record is made up of 1 file (83 folios). It was created in 25 Apr 1940-14 Apr 1947. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Agreement for the Extradition of Offenders between the
Sheikhdom of Koweit and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Jidda,'20th April, 1942
[Ratifications exchanged at Jedda, 1st May, 1943]
The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern
Ireland (hereinafter called the Government of the United Kingdom) acting
on behalf of His Highness the Sheikh of Koweit, of the one part, and the
Government of Saudi Arabia, of the other part, being desirous of concluding
an agreement for the extradition of offenders, fugitives from justice, who
escape from Koweit into Saudi Arabia, or front Saudi Arabia into Koweit,
have appointed as their Representatives for this purpose:
The Government of the United Kingdom :
Francis Hugh William Stonehewer-Bird, C.M.G., O.B.E., His
Majesty’s Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary in
the Kingdom of. Saudi Arabia,
The Government of Saudi Arabia :
His Excellency Sheikh Yusuf Yasin, Head of the Political Section
and Private Secretary to His Majesty the King of Saudi Arabia,
who, having examined their credentials and found them to be in good and
due form, have agreed as follows: —
Article 1
The Government of Koweit shall surrender to the Government of Saudi
Arabia any person in the territory of Koweit who is a national of Saudi
Arabia or of a third Arab State and who has committed within the
boundaries of Saudi Arabia any of the crimes mentioned in Article 3 of this
Agreement.
Article 2
The Government of Saudi Arabia shall surrender to the Government of
Koweit any person in the territory of Saudi Arabia who is a national of
Koweit or of a third Arab State and who has committed within the
boundaries of Koweit any of the crimes mentioned in Article 3 of this
Agreement.
Article 3
(1) There shall be no extradition for political offences.
(2) The offences for which extradition shall be granted are highway
robbery, theft, robbery, plunder, murder, w T ounding, raiding, smuggling ancL
violent assault, whether the offence be committed by a single person or by
several persons and whether the offence is directed against a single person
or against several persons or against the local authorities or any means of
transport or communication. In no circumstances shall the offences
mentioned in this sub-section be deemed to be political offences.
(.3) Similarly, any attempt against or attack on the person of either His
Majesty the King of Saudi Arabia or His Highness the Sheikh of Koweit,
or of any member of their respective families, shall not be deemed a
political offence.
Article 4
(1) Surrender of an offender by the Government from whose territory
it is desired to extradite him shall be effected upon presentation by the other

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Content

This file contains correspondence between British officials concerning a number of agreements agreed between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait in 1942 (and ratified in 1943).

The agreements were intended to formalise relations between the two countries and to end a trade blockade that had been imposed on Kuwait by Saudi Arabia. Much of the correspondence concerns the exact wording of these agreements and numerous amendments that were made to them. The correspondence also briefly discusses the desire of the Ruler of Saudi Arabia, Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] to establish a customs post in Wafra.

The majority of the correspondence in the file is between British officials (including at the Foreign Office, India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the British Legation in Jeddah and the Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. in Kuwait), but it also contains a limited amount of correspondence the Ruler of Kuwait, Shaikh Ahmad al-Jaber al-Sabah, on whose behalf the British acted during the negotiations with Saudi Arabia that led to the agreements being signed.

In addition to correspondence, the file contains several copies of the proposed agreements between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait as follows:

  • 'Trade Agreement between the Government of the United Kingdom (acting on behalf of His Highness the Sheikh of Koweit) and the Government of Saudi Arabia Jedda, 20th April, 1942 [Ratifications exchanged at Jedda, 1st May, 1943]' in English and Arabic (folios 3-6)
  • 'Agreement for the Extradition of Offenders between the Government of the United Kingdom (acting on behalf ofHis Highness the Sheikh of Koweit) and the Government of Saudi Arabia [With Exchange of Notes relating to Smuggling Offences] Jedda, 20th April, 1942 [Ratifications exchanged at Jedda, 1st May, 1943]' in English and Arabic (folios 7-11)
  • 'Agreement for the Extradition of Offenders between the Government of the United Kingdom (acting on behalf ofHis Highness the Sheikh of Koweit) and the Government of Saudi Arabia [With Exchange of Notes relating to Smuggling Offences] Jedda, 20th April, 1942' (folios 16-17)
  • 'Trade Agreement between the Government of the United Kingdom (acting on behalf of His Highness the Sheikh of Koweit) and the Government of Saudi Arabia Jedda, 20th April, 1942' (folios 18-19)
  • 'Agreement for Friendship and Neighbourly Relations between the Government of the United Kingdom (acting on behalf of His Highness the Sheikh of Koweit) and the Government of Saudi Arabia [With Schedule and Exchange of Notes containing Lists of Tribes], Jedda, April 20, 1942' (folios 20-21).

The file includes a divider, which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 file (83 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 85; these numbers are written in pencil and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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Coll 30/21(4) 'Persian Gulf: Koweit-Saudi relations. Trade, Bon Voisinage and Extradition Agreements. Desire of Ibn Saud to Establish Customs Post at Wafra' [‎7v] (14/170), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/3735, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100045875037.0x00000f> [accessed 8 December 2019]

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