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Coll 30/21(4) 'Persian Gulf: Koweit-Saudi relations. Trade, Bon Voisinage and Extradition Agreements. Desire of Ibn Saud to Establish Customs Post at Wafra' [‎40r] (79/170)

The record is made up of 1 file (83 folios). It was created in 25 Apr 1940-14 Apr 1947. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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ti

INDEXED OUTWARD telegram ^ ^
I This Document is the Property of His Britannic Maiestv’s nosewunfint. and should h«
kept under Lock and
Majesty’s Government, and should be
Keyj]
i^'l
/Vo. E. 56/56/25^)
With th« ComplimQnti
of ti.a
Undor* State
for Fo r e - 1 :_f ff *-'"fiEPA^TrENTAl No. 2.'
^ o JAIv
l-r-
No.
/.c. /
Code telegram to Mr. Stonehewer Bird (Jedda)
Foreign Office. 7th January, 1941. 1.30. p.m.
5 0
W
Your telegram I to.277 [of December 1st] and your
telegram No.278 [of 2nd December: Saudi-Koweit Agreements].
Following are our comments on suggested modifications
1. Trade Agreement.
(a) No objection provided Sheikh of Kov. r eit agrees.
(b) Suggested amendment appears otiose, especially
words "not specified in this article," but if Saudi-Arabian
woras "not snecniea in tnis article,” out ii oauui-Arauian
Government attach importance to it we do not object provided
the word "lav/ful" is inserted before "purpose".
2 .
Bon voisinage Agreement.
No objection to (a) or (b).
(c) Saudi point of view can probably best be met
of words""and Koweit" in first paragraph of
-P ~1 4* 4- /^\ rt v> rl o "1 r* H O
by omission
draft exchange of letters, and also heading "Tribes of
Koweit", and finally words "or Saudi-Arabia respectively"
in the last paragraph.
3. Extradition Agreement.
Our re-draft of exchange of letters was drawn up
on the assumption that it was intended to provide that
Bedouin coulo. be extradited for crimes of violence in the
same way as anybody else. It appears, however, to be Saudi
intention to say that Bedouin only commit crimes of violence
and therefore all Bedouin who commit crimes can be extradited.
If this is the meaning of the letters they seriously under
mine value of Article 3, where crimes for which extradition
can be granted are enumerated. If it is true that Bedouin
only commit crimes of violence letters appear to be unnecessary.
Similar letters were attached to Saudi-Iraqi Agreement of 1931,
but that was an agreement between two Arab countries with
which we had no concern. It will not be possible to put
draft exchange of notes in their original form in agreement to
which His Majesty 1 s Government is a party* We hone therefore
that Saudi-Arabian Government will agree to omit them altogether,
4« Language.
As His Majesty's Government are a party to these
agreements we must insist on an official English text. The
Bahra Agreement does not seem to be a parallel case, since
His Majesty's Government were not a party to it.
Repeated to Bushire No. 1, and Koweit No.203.

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Content

This file contains correspondence between British officials concerning a number of agreements agreed between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait in 1942 (and ratified in 1943).

The agreements were intended to formalise relations between the two countries and to end a trade blockade that had been imposed on Kuwait by Saudi Arabia. Much of the correspondence concerns the exact wording of these agreements and numerous amendments that were made to them. The correspondence also briefly discusses the desire of the Ruler of Saudi Arabia, Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] to establish a customs post in Wafra.

The majority of the correspondence in the file is between British officials (including at the Foreign Office, India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the British Legation in Jeddah and the Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. in Kuwait), but it also contains a limited amount of correspondence the Ruler of Kuwait, Shaikh Ahmad al-Jaber al-Sabah, on whose behalf the British acted during the negotiations with Saudi Arabia that led to the agreements being signed.

In addition to correspondence, the file contains several copies of the proposed agreements between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait as follows:

  • 'Trade Agreement between the Government of the United Kingdom (acting on behalf of His Highness the Sheikh of Koweit) and the Government of Saudi Arabia Jedda, 20th April, 1942 [Ratifications exchanged at Jedda, 1st May, 1943]' in English and Arabic (folios 3-6)
  • 'Agreement for the Extradition of Offenders between the Government of the United Kingdom (acting on behalf ofHis Highness the Sheikh of Koweit) and the Government of Saudi Arabia [With Exchange of Notes relating to Smuggling Offences] Jedda, 20th April, 1942 [Ratifications exchanged at Jedda, 1st May, 1943]' in English and Arabic (folios 7-11)
  • 'Agreement for the Extradition of Offenders between the Government of the United Kingdom (acting on behalf ofHis Highness the Sheikh of Koweit) and the Government of Saudi Arabia [With Exchange of Notes relating to Smuggling Offences] Jedda, 20th April, 1942' (folios 16-17)
  • 'Trade Agreement between the Government of the United Kingdom (acting on behalf of His Highness the Sheikh of Koweit) and the Government of Saudi Arabia Jedda, 20th April, 1942' (folios 18-19)
  • 'Agreement for Friendship and Neighbourly Relations between the Government of the United Kingdom (acting on behalf of His Highness the Sheikh of Koweit) and the Government of Saudi Arabia [With Schedule and Exchange of Notes containing Lists of Tribes], Jedda, April 20, 1942' (folios 20-21).

The file includes a divider, which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 file (83 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 85; these numbers are written in pencil and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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Coll 30/21(4) 'Persian Gulf: Koweit-Saudi relations. Trade, Bon Voisinage and Extradition Agreements. Desire of Ibn Saud to Establish Customs Post at Wafra' [‎40r] (79/170), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/3735, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/universal-viewer/81055/vdc_100045875037.0x000050> [accessed 8 December 2019]

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