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Coll 30/21(4) 'Persian Gulf: Koweit-Saudi relations. Trade, Bon Voisinage and Extradition Agreements. Desire of Ibn Saud to Establish Customs Post at Wafra' [‎44r] (87/170)

The record is made up of 1 file (83 folios). It was created in 25 Apr 1940-14 Apr 1947. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Copy.
(E 3034/227/25)
R U s /}
o j * i -
t. 1940 j
Saudi-Koweit Agreements.
Trade Agreement.
(a) Provided the Sheikh of Koweit agrees, we see no
ohjection to extending the term of the agreement from three
to five years.
(h) Tt is difficult to understand the need for the
suggested amendment, and the words M not specified in this
"Article" seem to he entirely unnecessary. But if the
Saudi Arabian Government wish to put in these words, there
seems no reason why we should object. We feel, however,
that it would be well to insert the word "lawful" before the
word "purposes".
Bon Voisinage Agreement .
The two amendments suggested under (a) and (b) seem
unobjectionable.
(c) The best way of meeting the Saudi Arabian point of
view seems to be to omit the words "and Koweit" in the first
paragraoh of the draft exchange of letters and also the heading
"Tribes of Koweit", and finally the words "or Saudi Arabia
"respectively" in the last paragraph.
Extradition Agreement .
The Foreign Office re-draft of the exchange of letters
to be attached to the Extradition Agreement was so worded as
to provide that Bedouin could be extradited for crimes of
violence just as much as anybody else. It appears, however,
to be Ibn Saud^ object to say that the only crimes committed
by Bedouin are crimes of violence and that therefore every
Badu who commits a crime can be extradited. It seems that
if this is the meaning of the letters, they seriously undermine
the value of Article 5, where the crimes for which extradition
can be granted are enumerated. It is true that a similar
exchange of letters was attached to the Saudi-Iraqi Extradition
Agreement of 1931, but that was an agreement between two Arab
countries with which we had no concern. It would hardly be
possible to put the draft exchange of notes in the agreement
in their original form. It seemB necessary to explain to Mr.
Bird that these letters appear to us to be redundant and to
ask him for a fuller explanation of the reasons why the Saudi
Arabian Government attach importance to the drafts.
Language.
arc
As these/agreements to which His Majesty’s Government
are a party, we must insist on official English text. The
Bahra Agreement does not appear to be a parallel case. It
was negotiated by Sir Gilbert Clayton, but His Majesty’s
Government were not a party to it.

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Content

This file contains correspondence between British officials concerning a number of agreements agreed between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait in 1942 (and ratified in 1943).

The agreements were intended to formalise relations between the two countries and to end a trade blockade that had been imposed on Kuwait by Saudi Arabia. Much of the correspondence concerns the exact wording of these agreements and numerous amendments that were made to them. The correspondence also briefly discusses the desire of the Ruler of Saudi Arabia, Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] to establish a customs post in Wafra.

The majority of the correspondence in the file is between British officials (including at the Foreign Office, India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the British Legation in Jeddah and the Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. in Kuwait), but it also contains a limited amount of correspondence the Ruler of Kuwait, Shaikh Ahmad al-Jaber al-Sabah, on whose behalf the British acted during the negotiations with Saudi Arabia that led to the agreements being signed.

In addition to correspondence, the file contains several copies of the proposed agreements between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait as follows:

  • 'Trade Agreement between the Government of the United Kingdom (acting on behalf of His Highness the Sheikh of Koweit) and the Government of Saudi Arabia Jedda, 20th April, 1942 [Ratifications exchanged at Jedda, 1st May, 1943]' in English and Arabic (folios 3-6)
  • 'Agreement for the Extradition of Offenders between the Government of the United Kingdom (acting on behalf ofHis Highness the Sheikh of Koweit) and the Government of Saudi Arabia [With Exchange of Notes relating to Smuggling Offences] Jedda, 20th April, 1942 [Ratifications exchanged at Jedda, 1st May, 1943]' in English and Arabic (folios 7-11)
  • 'Agreement for the Extradition of Offenders between the Government of the United Kingdom (acting on behalf ofHis Highness the Sheikh of Koweit) and the Government of Saudi Arabia [With Exchange of Notes relating to Smuggling Offences] Jedda, 20th April, 1942' (folios 16-17)
  • 'Trade Agreement between the Government of the United Kingdom (acting on behalf of His Highness the Sheikh of Koweit) and the Government of Saudi Arabia Jedda, 20th April, 1942' (folios 18-19)
  • 'Agreement for Friendship and Neighbourly Relations between the Government of the United Kingdom (acting on behalf of His Highness the Sheikh of Koweit) and the Government of Saudi Arabia [With Schedule and Exchange of Notes containing Lists of Tribes], Jedda, April 20, 1942' (folios 20-21).

The file includes a divider, which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 file (83 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 85; these numbers are written in pencil and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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Coll 30/21(4) 'Persian Gulf: Koweit-Saudi relations. Trade, Bon Voisinage and Extradition Agreements. Desire of Ibn Saud to Establish Customs Post at Wafra' [‎44r] (87/170), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/3735, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100045875037.0x000058> [accessed 16 December 2019]

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