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Coll 30/21(4) 'Persian Gulf: Koweit-Saudi relations. Trade, Bon Voisinage and Extradition Agreements. Desire of Ibn Saud to Establish Customs Post at Wafra' [‎59r] (117/170)

The record is made up of 1 file (83 folios). It was created in 25 Apr 1940-14 Apr 1947. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Agreement for friendship and ne ighbourly
Relations between the Kingdom,_ of Saudi Arabia
and the Sheikhdom of Kuwait,
[See note at beginning and end of draft
Trade Agreement].
The Government of the United Kingdom
of Great Britain and Northern n
inafter called the Government of the United
Kingdom), acting on behalf of His Highness
the Sheikh of Soweit 9 f the one parf, and
the Government of Saudi Arabia, of the other
carto being desirous of confirming the friend-
shin and neighbourly relations which happily
have subsisted from of old between His Majesty
the King of Saudi iirabia and His Highness
the Sheikh of Xoweit, and between their
respective families, have appointed as their
representatives for this purpose:
The Government of the United Kingdom
»•••••••••••••
The Government of Saudi Arabia
###••••••••••••••
who, having examined their credentials and
found them to be m good and due form, have
agreed as follows
Article 1 .
Permanent peace and firm and inviolable
friendship shall P revai l fewlf? 111
of Saudi Arabia and the Sheikhdom of Koweit
as it has prevailed from of old.
Article 2 .
The Government of Saudi Arabia and the
Government of Koweit shall
to preserve good relations between them n
to endeavour by every means m their power
to prevent the use pf either of t^ r
rpcinpotive territories as a base for any
unlawful act (including raiding), or preparation
therefor, against the peace ana tranquillity

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Content

This file contains correspondence between British officials concerning a number of agreements agreed between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait in 1942 (and ratified in 1943).

The agreements were intended to formalise relations between the two countries and to end a trade blockade that had been imposed on Kuwait by Saudi Arabia. Much of the correspondence concerns the exact wording of these agreements and numerous amendments that were made to them. The correspondence also briefly discusses the desire of the Ruler of Saudi Arabia, Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] to establish a customs post in Wafra.

The majority of the correspondence in the file is between British officials (including at the Foreign Office, India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the British Legation in Jeddah and the Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. in Kuwait), but it also contains a limited amount of correspondence the Ruler of Kuwait, Shaikh Ahmad al-Jaber al-Sabah, on whose behalf the British acted during the negotiations with Saudi Arabia that led to the agreements being signed.

In addition to correspondence, the file contains several copies of the proposed agreements between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait as follows:

  • 'Trade Agreement between the Government of the United Kingdom (acting on behalf of His Highness the Sheikh of Koweit) and the Government of Saudi Arabia Jedda, 20th April, 1942 [Ratifications exchanged at Jedda, 1st May, 1943]' in English and Arabic (folios 3-6)
  • 'Agreement for the Extradition of Offenders between the Government of the United Kingdom (acting on behalf ofHis Highness the Sheikh of Koweit) and the Government of Saudi Arabia [With Exchange of Notes relating to Smuggling Offences] Jedda, 20th April, 1942 [Ratifications exchanged at Jedda, 1st May, 1943]' in English and Arabic (folios 7-11)
  • 'Agreement for the Extradition of Offenders between the Government of the United Kingdom (acting on behalf ofHis Highness the Sheikh of Koweit) and the Government of Saudi Arabia [With Exchange of Notes relating to Smuggling Offences] Jedda, 20th April, 1942' (folios 16-17)
  • 'Trade Agreement between the Government of the United Kingdom (acting on behalf of His Highness the Sheikh of Koweit) and the Government of Saudi Arabia Jedda, 20th April, 1942' (folios 18-19)
  • 'Agreement for Friendship and Neighbourly Relations between the Government of the United Kingdom (acting on behalf of His Highness the Sheikh of Koweit) and the Government of Saudi Arabia [With Schedule and Exchange of Notes containing Lists of Tribes], Jedda, April 20, 1942' (folios 20-21).

The file includes a divider, which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 file (83 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 85; these numbers are written in pencil and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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Coll 30/21(4) 'Persian Gulf: Koweit-Saudi relations. Trade, Bon Voisinage and Extradition Agreements. Desire of Ibn Saud to Establish Customs Post at Wafra' [‎59r] (117/170), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/3735, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100045875037.0x000076> [accessed 8 December 2019]

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