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Coll 30/119 'Qatar: Protest by Ibn Saud against the grant of the Qatar Oil Concession. Direct correspondence between the Sheikh of Qatar & Ibn Saud.' [‎7r] (13/191)

The record is made up of 1 file (94 folios). It was created in 21 Aug 1935-18 Feb 1936. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

Transcription

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THIS DOCUMENT IS THE PROPERTY OF; HlS BRITANNIC MAJESTY’S GOVERNMENT
EASTERN (Arabia).
O
November 16, 1935.
CONFIDENTIAL.
Section 1.
[E 6548/269/91]
Mr. Calvert to Sir Samuel Hoare.—{Received November 16.)
(No. 292.)
HIS Majesty’s Charge d’Affaires at Jedda presents his compliments to His
Majesty’s Principal Secretary of State, and has the honour to transmit to him
copy of a letter from Sheikh Yusuf Yasin, dated the 15th October, respecting the
Qatar Oil Concession.
Jedda. October 16. 1935.
Enclosure.
Sheikh Yusuf Yasin to Mr. Calvert.
My dear Mr. Calvert, Mecca, Rajab 17, 1354 {October 15, 1935).
I HAVE received your letter dated the 26th September, 1935 (the 28th Jumad
ath-Thani, 1354), and in reply I have the honour to state the following :—
2. It was strange to our Government that the British Government
disapproved of the correspondence which has taken and is taking place direct
between His Majesty the King and the Sheikh of Qatar, in respect of a matter
concerning the affairs of Qatar, and that you relied on your disapproval upon
article 6 of the Treaty of Jedda, and stated that “ His Majesty King Abdul Aziz
undertook, among other things, to maintain friendly relations with his Excellency
the Sheikh of Qatar, between whom and His Britannic Majesty’s Govern
ment . . . .,” &c., and whereas your statement and the interpretation of article 6
differ in text, meaning and significance from the contents of article 6, I therefore
write to you herein the copy of article 6 literally, and which begins: “His
Majesty the King of the Hejaz and of Nejd and its Dependencies undertakes to
maintain friendly and peaceful relations with the territories of Koweit and
Bahrein and with the Sheikhs of Qatar and the Oman Coast, who are in
special treaty relations with His Britannic Majesty’s Government.’’ The
undertaking of His Majesty the King of the Hejaz and of Nejd and its
Dependencies is confined to friendly and peaceful relations with the Amirs of
those territories (literally : directions), and it does not contain any reference to
any undertaking by His Majesty that he should not correspond with them or that
they should not correspond with him, and therefore nothing has been changed
since the Treaty of Jedda in the relations which had existed between His Majesty
and those Amirs, but friendly and peaceful relations remained complete and
perfect, and correspondence is exchanged between His Majesty and them in
respect of various affairs, because this assures the friendly and peaceful relations
which His Majesty undertook to maintain. The treaties referred to in article 6,
concluded between the British Government and those Amirs, are the concern of
the Amirs, and they (His Majesty’s Government) may bind them with them, but
they (His Majesty’s Government) cannot bind our Government with them.
3. As regards your reference to (the fact) that the British Government, in
accordance with their (willingness) to deprive themselves of their strict legal
rights, and offer a part of those rights to the Saudi Arab Government, &c.
(literally : to the end of your statement on the subject), I am glad to draw your
attention in this respect to the true facts that our Government always desire that
their relations with the Amirs of those territories (literally : directions) should
be lasting relations of affection and friendship, and do not desire to restrict
(literally : press upon) them and their affairs, and they (Saudi Arab Govern
ment) showed their readiness to grant them areas (territories) to the utmost extent
[556 q—1]

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Content

The file concerns a letter from Ibn Saud (also referred to as Bin Saud) [Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd], King of Saudi Arabia, to Shaikh Abdullah bin Qasim ath-Thani [‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī], Ruler of Qatar (also spelled Katr), concerning the Qatar oil concession and the Saudi-Qatar frontier. The letter demanded that the Ruler of Qatar should agree to fix the boundary between Qatar and Saudi Arabia; otherwise, Ibn Saud would be 'compelled to protest and to stop operations'. The suggestion of the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (on folio 86) was that the means of preventing operations would be by fomenting tribal unrest. The papers discuss the British response to the letter, which resulted in a formal protest by His Majesty's Chargé d'Affaires, Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert). The Foreign Office subsequently decided to close the matter until a settlement of the frontier question could take place.

The papers include the text of Ibn Saud's letter or 'Mulhaq' (in Arabic, with English translation, folios 58-62); and correspondence from the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , the Foreign Office, His Majesty's Chargé d'Affaires, Jedda, and the Government of India; and India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. minutes.

The file includes a divider, which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 file (94 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 95; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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Coll 30/119 'Qatar: Protest by Ibn Saud against the grant of the Qatar Oil Concession. Direct correspondence between the Sheikh of Qatar & Ibn Saud.' [‎7r] (13/191), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/3848, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100045876229.0x000010> [accessed 18 November 2019]

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