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Coll 30/119 'Qatar: Protest by Ibn Saud against the grant of the Qatar Oil Concession. Direct correspondence between the Sheikh of Qatar & Ibn Saud.' [‎9r] (17/191)

The record is made up of 1 file (94 folios). It was created in 21 Aug 1935-18 Feb 1936. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

Transcription

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0
' V
( 5 )
The South-Bfstern Arabian Frontiers
o % \
/
On Noveaber 27th the Saudi Mlnioter, with whom I had been
lunching, raised the question of the south-eastern Arabian
frontiers with special reference to the Qatar Oil Concession.
I found that Sheikh Hafiz had not clearly realised the position
about the conceseion andfexplained to him, with the aid of a asp
produced by Mr. %aca, that the conceo; ion was for a limited area
which was ceacribed on a map attached to the concession# and that
although in one place it extended slightly beyond the naximum
frontier clei ed by Xing Abdul Aziz^it did not# in fact# extend
to what we regarded ee the frontier between Qatar and Saudi
Arabia. The limit of the concession in feet lay well to the
North of the maximum line which we had been able to offer to
King Abdul Aziz. There was no question of an unlimited "blanket
’concession"# as in the ease of the Saudi concession to the
Standard Oil Company of California, and in view of ourbown views
on the frontier question there could be no question of the
ucer ion extending over territory the sovereignty over which
was in any real doubt.
bheikh Hafiz did not discent from this explanation and did
not pursue the matter further# but the conversation then turned
on the question of the aouth-eoatern frontiers of Arabia as a
whole. As t>ir A. Ryan had by then almost certainly already made
hi.G of:er to Xing Abdul Axiz I sew no reason for not giming an
outline of it to the Minister# and I accordingly gave him a
x'ougn exp an&tion of the line which Sir A. Ryan had been authoris
ed to propose. Sheikh Hafiz rather surprised me by appearing
extremely oisappointed that we had not been able to offer eny
further concession to King Ibn Saud in the neighbourhood of
Khor el Ode id. I ex
>lained to him why this was impossible# and
reminded/

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Content

The file concerns a letter from Ibn Saud (also referred to as Bin Saud) [Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd], King of Saudi Arabia, to Shaikh Abdullah bin Qasim ath-Thani [‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī], Ruler of Qatar (also spelled Katr), concerning the Qatar oil concession and the Saudi-Qatar frontier. The letter demanded that the Ruler of Qatar should agree to fix the boundary between Qatar and Saudi Arabia; otherwise, Ibn Saud would be 'compelled to protest and to stop operations'. The suggestion of the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (on folio 86) was that the means of preventing operations would be by fomenting tribal unrest. The papers discuss the British response to the letter, which resulted in a formal protest by His Majesty's Chargé d'Affaires, Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert). The Foreign Office subsequently decided to close the matter until a settlement of the frontier question could take place.

The papers include the text of Ibn Saud's letter or 'Mulhaq' (in Arabic, with English translation, folios 58-62); and correspondence from the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , the Foreign Office, His Majesty's Chargé d'Affaires, Jedda, and the Government of India; and India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. minutes.

The file includes a divider, which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 file (94 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 95; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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Coll 30/119 'Qatar: Protest by Ibn Saud against the grant of the Qatar Oil Concession. Direct correspondence between the Sheikh of Qatar & Ibn Saud.' [‎9r] (17/191), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/3848, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100045876229.0x000014> [accessed 10 December 2019]

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