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Coll 30/119 'Qatar: Protest by Ibn Saud against the grant of the Qatar Oil Concession. Direct correspondence between the Sheikh of Qatar & Ibn Saud.' [‎35r] (69/191)

The record is made up of 1 file (94 folios). It was created in 21 Aug 1935-18 Feb 1936. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

Transcription

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Ui
THIS DOCUMENT IS THE PROPERTY OF HIS BRITANNIC MAJESTY'S GOVERNMENT
EASTERN (Arabia).
f"
Jr. •
7648 i
September 30, 1935.
^ CONFIDENTIAL.
1935
Section 2.
[E 3873/269/91]
£
Mr. Calvert to Sir Samuel Hoare.—(Received September 30.)
No. 254.)
Sir, Jedda, September 10, 1935.
WITH reference to my telegram No. J16 3 of the 8th September, relative to
the question of the attitude of Saudi Arabia to Qatar, I have the honour to
transmit to you herewith the translation of the personal letter received from
Sheikh Yusuf Yasin, in which he states the view taken by the Saudi Arab
Government of the grant of an oil concession in Qatar by the Sheikh of Qatar.
The letter covers the main points mentioned by Sheikh Yusuf in his conversation
with me on the 6th September, reported in my telegram No. 161 of the
7th September, except that no mention of the word “ protest ” is contained in
the letter. In conversation, moreover, Sheikh Yusuf Yasin made some attempt
to define the territories of the Sheikhdom of Qatar as having originally consisted
of an enclave comprising Doha itself and a limited surrounding area known as
Saffat. I refrained from following Sheikh Yusuf in an excursion into a subject
on which I felt he was not expertly informed.
2. Copies of this despatch and enclosure are being sent to the Government
of India, Bushire and Bahrein.
I have, &c.
A. S. CALVERT.
Enclosure.
Sheikh Yusuf Yasin to Mr. Calvert. •
(Translation,) Jedda, Jumad-ath-Thani 9, 1354.
My dear Mr. Calvert, (September 7, 1935.)
I DESIRE to confirm the verbal discussion between us when I spoke to you
on the evening of the 8th Jumad-ath-Thani, 1354.
You are aware that the frontiers between this Kingdom and the Amirate
of Qatar and the coast of Oman have never been actually delimited between those
countries, and our Government is ready to delimit this frontier at any time. It
has come to the knowledge of our Government that the Amir of Qatar has granted
or will grant a concession for the exploitation of oil in Qatar, but as the frontier
has not been drawn between us and that Amirate therefore our Government beg
that such a concession be not granted, and that no work be carried out in that
zone before the frontier is definitely drawn. It is not possible for our Govern
ment to recognise or agree to any work referred to being undertaken, and boring
and production in the places which they (Saudi Arab Government) occupy and
which is under their influence at the present time.
I desire to explain to you that our Government, although they have granted
a concession for the production of oil in the zone which includes the lands
neighbouring on the Amirate of Qatar, but our Government, up to this date,
have not allowed the company to operate any work of drilling in that zone,
pending the definite delimitation of the frontier.
With highest respects.
YUSUF YASIN.
[506 gg—2]

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Content

The file concerns a letter from Ibn Saud (also referred to as Bin Saud) [Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd], King of Saudi Arabia, to Shaikh Abdullah bin Qasim ath-Thani [‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī], Ruler of Qatar (also spelled Katr), concerning the Qatar oil concession and the Saudi-Qatar frontier. The letter demanded that the Ruler of Qatar should agree to fix the boundary between Qatar and Saudi Arabia; otherwise, Ibn Saud would be 'compelled to protest and to stop operations'. The suggestion of the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (on folio 86) was that the means of preventing operations would be by fomenting tribal unrest. The papers discuss the British response to the letter, which resulted in a formal protest by His Majesty's Chargé d'Affaires, Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert). The Foreign Office subsequently decided to close the matter until a settlement of the frontier question could take place.

The papers include the text of Ibn Saud's letter or 'Mulhaq' (in Arabic, with English translation, folios 58-62); and correspondence from the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , the Foreign Office, His Majesty's Chargé d'Affaires, Jedda, and the Government of India; and India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. minutes.

The file includes a divider, which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 file (94 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 95; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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Coll 30/119 'Qatar: Protest by Ibn Saud against the grant of the Qatar Oil Concession. Direct correspondence between the Sheikh of Qatar & Ibn Saud.' [‎35r] (69/191), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/3848, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100045876229.0x000048> [accessed 17 November 2019]

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