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Coll 30/119 'Qatar: Protest by Ibn Saud against the grant of the Qatar Oil Concession. Direct correspondence between the Sheikh of Qatar & Ibn Saud.' [‎46r] (91/191)

The record is made up of 1 file (94 folios). It was created in 21 Aug 1935-18 Feb 1936. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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.N
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SVi>
(E 54S1/269/91)
6774
1955 j
EG DISTRIBUTION
Cypher telegram to Mr. Calvert (Jedda),
Foreign Office, 20th September, 1935. 10.00 p.m.
No. 112.
hii
Your telegrams Nos. 161 and 163 (of September 8 th and 9th:
Ibn Baud’s protest against Qatar oil concession) and your
telegram No. 169 (of September 15th).
By repeating to His Majesty’s Government his pretest
against Qatar oil concession Ibn Baud makes it necessary to
deal v/ith substance of his complaint.
2. In normal circumstances they v/ould have met this protest
by a firm re-statement of their position regarding frontier
question, especially as their attitude on this subject has
already been clearly defined not only to Saudi Government but
to United States Government and to United States oil interests
who hold concession in Saudi territory. But in present delicate
situation in Red Sea they desire to avoid driving Ibn Saud to
turn towards the Italians for support which they would be only
too ready to offer and v.hich he might accept - notwithstanding
obvious dangers to himself - if he felt he were being hardly
treated by His Majesty’s Government.
5o In these circumstances you may,subject to views of
Government of India and of Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , reply in writing
to Yusuf Yasin to the following effect:-
4o His Majesty’s Government, when they learned of his
letter, were about to address Saudi Government in regard to
their action in corresponding direct with Sheikh of Qatar on a
subject which, since His Majesty’s Government are responsible for
the Sheikh’s foreign relations, falls within their sphere. You
should

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Content

The file concerns a letter from Ibn Saud (also referred to as Bin Saud) [Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd], King of Saudi Arabia, to Shaikh Abdullah bin Qasim ath-Thani [‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī], Ruler of Qatar (also spelled Katr), concerning the Qatar oil concession and the Saudi-Qatar frontier. The letter demanded that the Ruler of Qatar should agree to fix the boundary between Qatar and Saudi Arabia; otherwise, Ibn Saud would be 'compelled to protest and to stop operations'. The suggestion of the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (on folio 86) was that the means of preventing operations would be by fomenting tribal unrest. The papers discuss the British response to the letter, which resulted in a formal protest by His Majesty's Chargé d'Affaires, Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert). The Foreign Office subsequently decided to close the matter until a settlement of the frontier question could take place.

The papers include the text of Ibn Saud's letter or 'Mulhaq' (in Arabic, with English translation, folios 58-62); and correspondence from the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , the Foreign Office, His Majesty's Chargé d'Affaires, Jedda, and the Government of India; and India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. minutes.

The file includes a divider, which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 file (94 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 95; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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Coll 30/119 'Qatar: Protest by Ibn Saud against the grant of the Qatar Oil Concession. Direct correspondence between the Sheikh of Qatar & Ibn Saud.' [‎46r] (91/191), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/3848, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100045876229.0x00005e> [accessed 26 June 2019]

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