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Coll 30/119 'Qatar: Protest by Ibn Saud against the grant of the Qatar Oil Concession. Direct correspondence between the Sheikh of Qatar & Ibn Saud.' [‎60r] (119/191)

The record is made up of 1 file (94 folios). It was created in 21 Aug 1935-18 Feb 1936. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Translation of t, MULHAQ ,, No:99/1/31 dated the 6th Jamad
al Auwal 1354(i.e. 6th August 1935) from His Maiesty
f Ahdul f Aziz hin Sa f ud, King of Sa^udi Arabia, to
Shaikh f Abdullah bin Qasim ath-Thani. Ruler of
^atar. Mulhaq was unsealed and attached to formal sealed
letter No:99/i/30 of same date*
After Compliments,
You doubtless know that I consider you to be
like myself and I would therefore like to explain
everything to you. In things which concern us and are
between us and you, as you know, no change will take
place. But in view of the political situation and of
our interests, 0 f Brother, you should assist us. There
is an important matter which concerns us. You know
that the British interfered in the affairs of fOman
and of Qatar and they have only two claims. One we
have admitted, for the strong reason that the people
of those parts have become under them and that they
(the British) fight for them. Formerly we informed
them(i.e. the British) that they(i.e. T 0man and Qatar)
were our subjects and the subjects of our fathers and
grandfathers(i.e. forefathers). In view of the fact,
however, that the people of those countries have them
selves chosen to be in their present state and whereas
the English are our friends, we did not like to make
obstacles and so we left the question of the towns
only, but no one has the right to claim anything or
property in the desert or among the tribes, nor had their
fathers or grandfathers claimed such a right. We do not,
however, want to press our brothers and relatives for
the reason that they are brothers and relatives to us
and so we do not want to deny any person a thing for
which he is responsible and which he can protect. But
other /

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Content

The file concerns a letter from Ibn Saud (also referred to as Bin Saud) [Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd], King of Saudi Arabia, to Shaikh Abdullah bin Qasim ath-Thani [‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī], Ruler of Qatar (also spelled Katr), concerning the Qatar oil concession and the Saudi-Qatar frontier. The letter demanded that the Ruler of Qatar should agree to fix the boundary between Qatar and Saudi Arabia; otherwise, Ibn Saud would be 'compelled to protest and to stop operations'. The suggestion of the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (on folio 86) was that the means of preventing operations would be by fomenting tribal unrest. The papers discuss the British response to the letter, which resulted in a formal protest by His Majesty's Chargé d'Affaires, Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert). The Foreign Office subsequently decided to close the matter until a settlement of the frontier question could take place.

The papers include the text of Ibn Saud's letter or 'Mulhaq' (in Arabic, with English translation, folios 58-62); and correspondence from the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , the Foreign Office, His Majesty's Chargé d'Affaires, Jedda, and the Government of India; and India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. minutes.

The file includes a divider, which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 file (94 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 95; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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Coll 30/119 'Qatar: Protest by Ibn Saud against the grant of the Qatar Oil Concession. Direct correspondence between the Sheikh of Qatar & Ibn Saud.' [‎60r] (119/191), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/3848, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100045876229.0x00007a> [accessed 25 June 2019]

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