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Coll 6/67(3) 'Boundaries of South Eastern Arabia and Qatar.' [‎95v] (197/830)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (411 folios). It was created in 7 Feb 1935-20 Dec 1935. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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safer to describe the eastern boundary
as “the sands of the great desert ,f . He
on to suggest that “the northern
edge of the great sands'* might be taken
as the definition of the line running
tom whatever point may be selected south
of Katr in the direction of the north
point of the eastern f rentier, and says
that Loch will discuss this possibility
9
*
with the Sheikh of Abu Dhabi. Similarly
he suggests that the southern frontier
(so far as it is north of Muscat
territory) should also be the edge of the
great sands. He adds that the obvious
advantage of the Great Sands line is thao
it is, so far as is known, the only
physical feature in the area concerned..
4 • We ha vp— t ^j 1 1 1 1 , ~ T -‘ 11 bfacoo tolognam-e
4. In reply to these telegrams we
have pointed out that a treaty
by saying / definition of the frontier as the edge
(a) that since clearly the eastern of the great sands would be uncertain
Sundary cannot safely be put at and unsatisfactory, since the sands ©y
„ . / . . | presumably shift, and very likely
Meridian 5 6 there seems to be no point 1 , ,
increase; and that, on the other n >
to define the frontier by a carto
graphical line along the present edge
of the great sands would involve an
in suggesting a revision of H.M.G.'s final
decision to stand on Meridian 55.
(b) that in any ca^e the settled
policy of H.M.G. is to/work on a basis of survey, which is obviously
definition by coordinates, fixed points, impracticable; the present edge of the
and arbitrary lines (which will take into sands would also apparently gi ve
account so far as is possible the various Saud even more than he himself clam^
tribal, strategic, geographical, etc. in the north-east. Consequently, the
considerations involved) and that it is only possible course seems to oe to
hardly practicable at this stage to adhere to the decision reached that
* I
suggest a revision of this policy and the frontier should be defined by
substitution of a different method of
definition such as the Resident
suggests.
cartographical lines between fixed co
ordinates, v/hich, however, can be so

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Content

This volume primarily concerns British policy regarding the south-eastern boundaries of Saudi Arabia, specifically those bordering Qatar, the Trucial Shaikhdoms, Muscat, the Hadramaut and the Aden Protectorate.

It includes interdepartmental discussion regarding the approach that the British Government should take in reaching a settlement with King Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] over the demarcation of the boundaries.

References are made to various existing and proposed lines, including the 'blue line' and the 'violet line' – boundary lines that formed part of the Anglo-Ottoman Conventions, concluded in 1913 and 1914 respectively, a 'green line' and a 'brown line', which represent more recent territorial concessions proposed by the British to Ibn Saud, and a 'red line', which is referred to as the Saudi Government's claim for its country's south-eastern boundary.

The volume features the following principal correspondents: the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Lieutenant-Colonel Trenchard Craven William Fowle); the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain (Lieutenant-Colonel Percy Gordon Loch); His Majesty's Minister at Jedda (Sir Andrew Ryan); the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Sir Samuel Hoare); the Acting Chief Commissioner, Aden (Lieutenant-Colonel Morice Challoner Lake); officials of the Colonial Office, the Foreign Office, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Government of India's Foreign and Political Department.

The correspondence includes discussion of the following:

  • The extent of territory that the British should be prepared to include in any concession made to Ibn Saud.
  • The abandonment of the idea of a proposed 'desert zone'.
  • The future of the Treaty of Jedda of 1927.
  • Meetings held at the Foreign Office with Fuad Bey Hamza, Deputy Saudi Minister for Foreign Affairs, and Hafiz Wahba, Saudi Arabian Minister in London, during June and July 1935.
  • The eastern boundary of the Aden Protectorate.
  • The possibility of the British Government employing Bertram Thomas to carry out enquiries and investigations regarding the question of Saudi Arabia's south-eastern frontiers.
  • Wells and territories of the Al Murra [Āl Murrah] tribe.
  • Preparations for Sir Andrew Ryan's forthcoming visit to Riyadh for negotiations with Ibn Saud.
  • Abu Dhabi's claim to Khor-al-Odeid [Khawr al ‘Udayd].
  • Details of a British aerial reconnaissance of the Qatar Peninsula, which took place on 11 October 1935.

In addition to correspondence the volume includes the following: copies of the minutes of meetings of the Committee of Imperial Defence's Standing Ministerial and Official Sub-Committee for Questions Concerning the Middle East, dated 15 April 1935 and 24 September 1935 respectively; photographs of the Qatar Peninsula, taken during the aforementioned aerial reconnaissance; a map showing the route of the aerial reconnaissance.

The volume includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the volume by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence (folio 4).

Extent and format
1 volume (411 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 411; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers.

Written in
English in Latin script
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Coll 6/67(3) 'Boundaries of South Eastern Arabia and Qatar.' [‎95v] (197/830), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2136, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100046787904.0x0000c6> [accessed 11 November 2019]

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