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PZ 2865/40 'Note on the India Office and the Persian Gulf areas' [‎2v] (4/12)

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The record is made up of 1 file (4 folios). It was created in 20 May 1940. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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2 .
Persia ( jrobably less important than the danger or an
advance through Afghanistan), and in the protection of
the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company’s installation in S.W.
Persia.
Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . Since the last war the Arab coast
of the Gulf has acquired great importance as a source- of
oil and as the strategic and commercial air route to India,
The Political j.esident, Lt.Col. Prior, (who is also Consul
General at Bushire, in South Persia, where his headquarters
are) and the several Political Agents (at iCoweit, Bahrein,
uscat and - a war-time appointment - on the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. )
are drawn from the Indian Political Service, and expenditure
is borne by the Government of India (except for a half share
of the cost of the Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and the Kowelt Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. which is
borne by the foreign Office). The India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , working as
need be in consultation with the Foreign Office and other
interested Departments, is the Department responsible for the
conduct of relations with the Arab States of the Gulf.
These States consist of (a) Koweit , occupying a
strategic position at the head of the Gulf between Iraq
and Saudi Arabia; (b) Bahrein , a group of islands half-way
down off the Hasa coast (a part of Saudi Arabia); (c) Qatar ,
a promontory south of Bahrein; (d) the seven petty Sheikdoms of
the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. ( so called from the maritime truce
imposed in 1B20 by the iast India Company on the pirate
chieftains of this district) whose names, in order eastwards
from Qatar, are - Abu Dhabi, Dibai, Sharjah, Ajman, Urnm al
Qaiwain, Has al Khairnah and Kalba; and (e) Muscat , a coastal
fringe of territory extending from the tip of the peninsula
at the mouth of the Gulf as far as the Aden Protectorate (the
Hadhramaut). With the exception of Muscat all these States
are/
-

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Content

The file details the Government of India’s financial and administrative responsibilities towards the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . The text is divided into sections: ‘Iran’ (folio 2), ‘Persian Gulf’ (folios 2 to 3), ‘The Air Route’ (folio 3), ‘Oil’ (folios 3 to 4) and ‘Defence Measures’ (folios 3 to 5).

The papers provide information on the Government of India’s past and current responsibilities and relations with Iran. Also discussed are concerns over a potential Russian advance through Afghanistan and Persian-German relations which in part are attributed to the reign of Reza Shah [Shah of Iran, Pahlavi dynasty].

The significance of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. as a strategic and commercial air route to India, and as a source of oil, now and in the future is discussed. Further highlighted is the responsibility of the Foreign Office and other departments to conduct relations with the Arab states of Kuwait, Bahrein, Qatar, the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. and Muscat, and the implementation of wartime defence methods in the region.

Extent and format
1 file (4 folios)
Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 6; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

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English in Latin script
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PZ 2865/40 'Note on the India Office and the Persian Gulf areas' [‎2v] (4/12), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/379, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100047771603.0x000005> [accessed 27 January 2020]

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