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PZ 2865/40 'Note on the India Office and the Persian Gulf areas' [‎3v] (6/12)

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The record is made up of 1 file (4 folios). It was created in 20 May 1940. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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4 .
only occasionally toy land machines. The necessary facilities
were arranged toy agreement with the various rulers (strong

pressure toeing needed to secure it on the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. );
land machines can use the aerodromes at Koweit, Bahrein,
Sharjah and the emergency aerodrome at Kaltoa (on the
ilusandim peninsula), while flying-tooats can alight and
anchor at Bahrein, Detosi and (in an emergency) Has al
Khairnah. The Jt.A.F. in ai ition have arranged emergency
landing grounds in Muscat territory which would toe of use
if it were desired to reach India from Aden via muscat*
So far we have toeen etole to keep the Arato Coast route closed
to regular use toy foreign aircraft.
Oil. A great oil-toe&ring region lies around the Persian
Gulf and it seems possitole that the oil resources of the Arato
coast may stand comparison with the great fields in South
Persia and Iraq. British and American interests have now
secured concessions from all che Rulers. In Koweit . the
Kuwait Oil Company represents a combination of the Anglo
Iranian Oil Company with the Gulf Oil Corporation of
Pennsylvania. Oil has toeen struck in three wells in very
satisfactory quantities, tout production has not yet begun
and is likely to toe deferred until after the war. In Bahrein ,
the Bahrein Petroleum Company is an offshoot of the Standard
Oil Company of California who stepped in when the Anglo
Persian Oil Company decided not to take up the concession.
The Americans were at once successful, and production has
gone on since 1935 on a large scale, reaching an annual
output of just over one million tons. An up-to-date refinery
has toeen erected in Bahrein. The activities of the Oil
Company have transformed the life of the place and bring in
a handsome revenue for the Sheikh, whose royalties have
reached/

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Content

The file details the Government of India’s financial and administrative responsibilities towards the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . The text is divided into sections: ‘Iran’ (folio 2), ‘Persian Gulf’ (folios 2 to 3), ‘The Air Route’ (folio 3), ‘Oil’ (folios 3 to 4) and ‘Defence Measures’ (folios 3 to 5).

The papers provide information on the Government of India’s past and current responsibilities and relations with Iran. Also discussed are concerns over a potential Russian advance through Afghanistan and Persian-German relations which in part are attributed to the reign of Reza Shah [Shah of Iran, Pahlavi dynasty].

The significance of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. as a strategic and commercial air route to India, and as a source of oil, now and in the future is discussed. Further highlighted is the responsibility of the Foreign Office and other departments to conduct relations with the Arab states of Kuwait, Bahrein, Qatar, the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. and Muscat, and the implementation of wartime defence methods in the region.

Extent and format
1 file (4 folios)
Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 6; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

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English in Latin script
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PZ 2865/40 'Note on the India Office and the Persian Gulf areas' [‎3v] (6/12), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/379, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100047771603.0x000007> [accessed 27 January 2020]

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