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Coll 30/87(2) Part I 'Qatar: Oil Concession.' [‎41r] (104/1310)

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The record is made up of 4 volumes (639 folios). It was created in 14 Jan 1935-8 Nov 1944. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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v >-
f (z & Av^t-*v. t— a^Zv
lJU^U UK, iu/]^. l+e~> L~jW 4-cc*v ixittuL, ^-~b t*~*-*y
f-i^ iU^U. ^ ,
1^3 “fi ^ 6 f S °" ssion at ,t te India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. on llth October
Vi r n , o S f" 4 ^* fflleatle y of Petroleum Concessions
ijtd. ,TMr. Brxdgeman petroleum Departaent), on the sub lect nf
tne suspension of operations at Oatafe subject of
-r-
^■K
#k
P" , :
S and th^ a ffh“ nt t0 - th6 Sus ^ nsion °f operations at
version of the" ^ \ had now been !!lade dear that the latest
of the ^elSnt wShlhlloStto^ 1° ^ th±rt P-^aph
A, ^r h the k ikh -'“iTSa s^d
‘^’Tto accept the position^that the latest versioL consist^
ords f n deference to the wishes of K.I4G. fne Sheikh Qatar
to^the fulfilqKnt‘o” S +° n ° f thS Company ' 3 operations in Qatar subject
., , ® ' -liii nent o±tae above undertakings". He added, however
acceot-fe^thf'^ m Rdvisers ll f d ^ejLvety doubtful about ’
of the Concession. Mr. Peel said that i/the oninion of the he si
^ ^ ^ ^ P ° rGi ^ Office/ suspension wa^sf
^? r ff u Mr * "oeatley then raised the point whether it was prenosed
~ent ""or thTS? 6 ^ 3houJ f, De oetween the Sheikh and the Political
Agent or the Sheikh ana the Company, adding that he would prefer it
■ J I?. oet *een the Sheikh and the nolitical Agent, the Corrolny's
position being covered by a letter from their representative at
Qatar to the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. * Mr. Bridgeman said that he thought
ohis would be preferable and it was agreed that a suggestion on
oaese lines be made when telegraphing to the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. .
#
-- r * Sldiros then referred to the future of the Company’s
operations m Qatar. He said that ho Irnd- heard that an .tmerican ^
ir ^ ;res t^/ in Petroleum Concessions Ltd. had been expressing to the
btace Department the view that the compulsory suspension of
n*nf*r\o+:'i rvr*. c? o4- A ^ n) -i i' , ...
V j.^vy oixao oat? congpuisory suspension or
b xU^ ° P ? I i; t:LOns at . t atar in 1941 on the orders of the British authorities
f /L%i ^**7 aaCL b ? en lns P :Lred "by a Vvdsh to discriminate against American interests
ln 0:1 * development in the Persian G-ulf^ 4Operations of other non-
^ American Companies' in the same area had not been treated in this way.
but in tne case of Qatar all development had been stopped, the
drillings already Completed rendered quite useless, and all equipment
a * . , is CJ eman said that he was aware of this allegation
and tnac it nad been explained to the American in question that the
reason/

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Content

The file concerns the signing of the agreement between the British Government, the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC) (later the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company), and the Shaikh of Qatar, Abdullah bin Qasim al Thani [‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī] to award the company an exclusive oil concession in Qatar (also spelled Qatr and Katr). The file also concerns preliminary oil explorations in Qatar, and the subsequent suspension of operations on the orders of the British Government.

The papers cover: discussion, drafts and text of the commercial agreement between the Shaikh of Qatar and APOC (signed 17 May 1935); discussion, draft and text of the political agreement between HM Government and APOC (signed 5 June 1935); the use by the Shaikh of modern, Egyptian Arabic to make comments on the draft (folios 624-625); British support for the proposal that disputes between foreign employees of the company and inhabitants of Qatar should not be submitted to the Shara [Sharia] courts (folio 604); intelligence on the activities of the Standard Oil Company [California-Arabia Standard Oil Company] (e.g. folio 443); British emphasis that military protection would be afforded to the Shaikh of Qatar on condition that he awarded the oil concession to APOC, and the assumption by Britain of responsibility for the protection of Qatar (e.g. folios 400-403); the transfer of the concession from the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company to Petroleum Development (Qatar) Limited (e.g. folios 335-357); the payment of salaries to the Shaikh's representatives (e.g. folios 294-295); water drilling operations by the company (e.g. folios 237-241); references to Qatar's disputed border with Saudi Arabia; reports of preliminary drilling results and first discoveries of oil (1939-41); employment of foreign personnel by Petroleum Concessions Limited in Qatar (folios 180-182); the suspension of drilling operations on the orders of HM Government in 1942 as a result of war conditions, including correspondence on the subject between British officials and the Shaikh of Qatar, 1942-43; note that the suspension had been ordered because the British military authorities were unable to spare sufficient personnel to ensure the destruction of the oil wells, should the military situation demand it (folio 41); correspondence dated 1944 concerning a proposed increase in world oil refining capacity; and further correspondence dated 1944 concerning the boundary between Qatar and Bahrain at Hawar Island.

The main correspondents are senior officials at the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , representatives of the oil companies concerned, and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .

The Arabic language content of the file consists of approximately 30 folios of correspondence, largely between British officials and the Ruler of Qatar.

The file includes a divider, which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
4 volumes (639 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: this file consists of four physical volumes. The foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover of volume one (ff 1-161) and terminates at the inside back cover of volume four (ff 486-647); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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Coll 30/87(2) Part I 'Qatar: Oil Concession.' [‎41r] (104/1310), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/3806A, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100047810664.0x000069> [accessed 21 November 2019]

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