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File 3516/1914 Pt 7 'German War: Persia' [‎119v] (243/519)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (257 folios). It was created in 20 Mar 1915-3 Dec 1915. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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We should state the following requirements after pointing out what the
■Rnhhtiaris may -ain by peaceful co-operation with Sheikh and us and what
S stand to loTe by joining in hostilities against us. They must dec me to
rise a-ainst ns and must do all in their power to discourage generally and
must vigorously suppress it within their tribal territory. They must secure
Tn escort at Ispahan itself where their representative must protect all subject
of Great Britain and her allies on the Ahwaz-Ispahan road and m sphere
of Oil Company and maintain order internally and must maintain up to
Bars boundary security of telegraph line (s) and road. ^
They must arrive at a permanent friendly understanding with the Sheikh
of Mohammerah and give him all the co-operation m Arabistan that is neces
sary by maintaining peace on border and by refusing to harbour refugees from
his territory At Behbehan their representative must maintain order there and
in the same manner suppress fanaticism and refrain from interfering at all
with the Sheikh of Mobammerah’s tribes m that neighbourhood or with Lirawi.
Any Bakhtiari being a provincial Governor in Southern Persia on^the outbreak
of hostilities must do his utmost to suppress fanaticism and keep Bakhtiari
quiet and neutral and to protect British intersts and subjects. We should m
return for this, undertake to preserve at the conclusion of the war Bakhtiari
country with its present limits for tribe and give Khans local autonomy to deal
in their own way under our aigis with their own tribesmen. We should agree
to keen under our guidance Bakhtiari Governorship at Ispahan and be prepared
to consider among others Bakhtiari candidates for other Governors m sphere
under our control. Later on we should be prepared to consider sympathetically
any workable proposal that they may put forward for obtaining access to
Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. P^rts. We would pay each branch £5,000 now and at conclusion
of hostilities £10,000 each, provided they fulfil effectively their part of the
bargain on receiving undertaking to the effect required from recognised
representatives of two families.
) 18
Telegram P., No. 1083 B , dated (and received) the 11th May 1915.
Prom The IIon'ble Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Percy Cox, K.C.I.E., C.S.I.,
Political .Resident in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , Basrah,
To— The Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign and Political Depart
ment, Simla (repeated to Tehran, Bushire and Secretary of State).
Please refer to the telegram from His Britannic Majesty’s Minister to
the Poreign Office, London, dated 8th instant, No. 161.
Por the Bushire hinterland I would make the following suggestions:—
Wb have in our favour Khans of Budhilleh, Lirawi, Hayat, Baud and
probably Shabancara, while Borasjun, Ahmedi and Tangistan and probably
Haliki are hostile. Borasjun is likely to succeed in getting Daliki to join him
though the Agent of Nizam-us-Sultaneh at Mohammerah has been doing his
best to persuade Daliki to stand out.
If Soulet and Kawam stand in with us, the Khans in (outlying) country
will, more or less, be cut off from telegraph (communication) from Tehran. In
this way effective combination for attack on Bushire will be difficult, but they
may be expected to divert their attention to Haidar Khan, our friend, who
helped us in arresting Germans.
In order to secure the active co-operation of members of friendly elements
in suppressing any fanatical movement and in opposing hostile confederation
if rising takes shape and in order to keep them together, the following
inducements should be offered in anticipation (of) successful issue to war.
We should undertake to detach Lirawi from Behbehan and associate it with
Hayat Baud under Bushire. We should also assist Khans to buy out Saiyid-
us-Sultaneh’s interest in district. We should undertake ejectment from

About this item


The volume concerns the Persian Gendarmerie in southern Persia (Fars), and the pro-German feelings of the Swedish officers who were part of it.

The volume covers:

  • Accusations against Swedish officers employed by the Persian Gendarmerie in Fars, suggesting that they have been abandoning their neutrality to support German interests.
  • Anti British attitude of Swedish officers; request for their withdrawal.
  • Consignment of arms and ammunitions at Bushire, for the use of the Persian Gendarmerie.
  • List of Swedish officers in service for the Persian Gendarmerie.
  • Alleged intrigues by Major Previtz and other Swedish officers.
  • Conditions offered to the Swedish officers of the Gendarmerie for their withdrawal from Fars.
  • Proposed subvention for the Gendarmerie.
  • Situation at Tehran.

The volume’s principal correspondents are: Charles Hardinge, Viceroy of India; Percy Cox, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; Walter Beaupre Townley and Charles Marling, British Ministers at Tehran; the Swedish Legation in London; Edward Grey, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs; Esme Howard, British Consul at Stockholm; Eyre Alexander Barby Wichart Crowe and Maurice de Bunsen, Foreign Office; Thomas William Holderness and Arthur Hirtzel, India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; William Frederick Travers O'Connor, British Consul at Shiraz; George Buchanan, British Ambassador in Russia.

The volume contains some letters in French, from the Swedish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and from Gustav Edwall and Gustav Hjalmar Previtz, Persian Gendarmerie.

Extent and format
1 volume (257 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 259; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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File 3516/1914 Pt 7 'German War: Persia' [‎119v] (243/519), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/484, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 8 December 2019]

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