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File 3516/1914 Pt 7 'German War: Persia' [‎121r] (246/519)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (257 folios). It was created in 20 Mar 1915-3 Dec 1915. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

Transcription

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I am of opinion that Sheihh of Motiammerah should bo encouraged forth
with to resume with Pusht-i-Kuh former negotiations for coniedarate alliance
and that we also otter sealing compact with latter under which we should in
return for his standing out of war and co-operating with us and Sheikh of
Mohammerah guarantee to keep Yaliship in his family leaving him to manage
his tribes in his own way under our aegis, and possibly, in the event of our
success, to give him other inducements, such as Governorship of Luristan or
the «Tant of some territory on Turkish frontier. Incidentally we should assure
him that we were acting with concurrence of Russia and that from that
direction he had nothing to apprehend. I will report further in above con-
nestion, but request approval in principle to commence negotiations at proper
moment.
25
Telegram P., No. 1086 B., dated the 12th (received 13th) May 1915.
jp rom The Hon’ble Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Percy Cox, K.C.I.E., C.S.I.,
Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , Basrah,
ip 0 The Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign and Political
Department, Simla (repeated to His Majesty's Secretary of State,
Bushire and Tehran).
Urgent. Please see telegram of the 8th instant, No. 161, from Tehran.
I submit that on the outbreak of war action to be taken in Persian ports
requires immediate consideration and decision.
Urgent desideratum is first and foremost that as many of His Majesty’s
ships as can be spared should be made available from East Inaies Squadron.
Ail we have to do at Mohammerah is to make prize of “ Persopolis” and take
over customs at Mohammerah and Ahwaz. I think that it would be politic
and have an excellent effect if we allow Sheikh of Mohammerah to put in
guards and allow Belgians to carry on as usual. This (only means?) keeping
account of receipts and allowing them to be taken, for the present, by the Sheikh
of Mohammerah. As in 1909, we should immediately land a naval brigade at
Bushire to seize and occupy custom-house, and place cordon round town in
concert with military, the same as was done in the year 1909 In due coarse
the duties can be handed over to the military, hut the occupation of the town
and custom-house can be carried out most effectively by landing parties from
ships in harbour preceded by armed boats.
That the number of troops available will depend on conditions prevailing
in India, I am aware, but, in the event of war, I do not think that the situation
at Bush re would be satisfactory with less than four guns, two battalions and
the presence of a cruiser such as H. M. S. “ Eox,” with large white crew.
We should control postal and telegraph communication with Bunder
4.bbas and Liugah immediately on the outbreak ot hostilities and I am of
opinion that these ports would give little trouble when they knew that Bushire
■Jas occupied. At Lingah there is a young German remaining, but he is not
important^enough to make it worth wlnle causing a disturbance in order to
capture him.
Supposing that to begin with we cannot spare sufficient troops to garrison
Bunde“ Abbas and Lingah! action to be taken depends on local development.
Hence patrol by His Majesty’s ships is primary necessity tor the protection ot
British dves and property and the maintenance of wireless telegraphy.
I doubt if anything further is necessary as regards Jask and Charhar, as,
in view of Khalifa’s rising, the garrison are possibly strengthened or being
strengthened.

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Content

The volume concerns the Persian Gendarmerie in southern Persia (Fars), and the pro-German feelings of the Swedish officers who were part of it.

The volume covers:

  • Accusations against Swedish officers employed by the Persian Gendarmerie in Fars, suggesting that they have been abandoning their neutrality to support German interests.
  • Anti British attitude of Swedish officers; request for their withdrawal.
  • Consignment of arms and ammunitions at Bushire, for the use of the Persian Gendarmerie.
  • List of Swedish officers in service for the Persian Gendarmerie.
  • Alleged intrigues by Major Previtz and other Swedish officers.
  • Conditions offered to the Swedish officers of the Gendarmerie for their withdrawal from Fars.
  • Proposed subvention for the Gendarmerie.
  • Situation at Tehran.

The volume’s principal correspondents are: Charles Hardinge, Viceroy of India; Percy Cox, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; Walter Beaupre Townley and Charles Marling, British Ministers at Tehran; the Swedish Legation in London; Edward Grey, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs; Esme Howard, British Consul at Stockholm; Eyre Alexander Barby Wichart Crowe and Maurice de Bunsen, Foreign Office; Thomas William Holderness and Arthur Hirtzel, India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; William Frederick Travers O'Connor, British Consul at Shiraz; George Buchanan, British Ambassador in Russia.

The volume contains some letters in French, from the Swedish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and from Gustav Edwall and Gustav Hjalmar Previtz, Persian Gendarmerie.

Extent and format
1 volume (257 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 259; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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File 3516/1914 Pt 7 'German War: Persia' [‎121r] (246/519), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/484, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100047817322.0x00002f> [accessed 25 January 2020]

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