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File 3516/1914 Pt 7 'German War: Persia' [‎145r] (294/519)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (257 folios). It was created in 20 Mar 1915-3 Dec 1915. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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\
Put
Telegram R., No. 41, dated (and received) the 22nd April 1915.
From— His Britannic Majesty’s Minister, Tehran,
To—The Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign and Political Depart
ment, Simla.
Following from His Majesty’s Consul, Hamadan, dated April 20th:—
“ Arrived 19th April and have taken charge. Consul, and colony from
Kermansbah, got in April 20th.
“ Situation at Kermanshah was decidedly serious. Proximity of Hamadan
; was the object of special hostility on the part of Turks and Germans.
“ Party of Turks, said to be two thousand strong, occupied Kasr, and sent
three hundred men to Sarones. They were under Paouf Pasha, formerly
Captain of Cruiser ‘ Hamidieh, ’ who is intent on taking Kermanshah, and
refuses to obey orders to the contrary.
“ I regret to report, that an hour before our departure, senior non-com
missioned officer and five sowars of the Consulate escort deserted to Turkish
Consul-General, with their horses, arms and six boxes of ammunition, and
fifty tomans of Government money. Please inform Cox, as the men may be
used as (? word missing) Their regiment is the 9th Hodson’s Horse. One who
remained loyal is with us. Full details by post.
“Addressed to Foreign Office, sent to India and Basrah. ”
Telegram R., dated the 22nd (received 23rd) April 1915.
From— The Hon’ble Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Percy Cox, K.C.I.E., C.S.T.,
Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , Basrah,
To The Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign and Political Depart
ment, Simla.
Following from Shiraz, 96, April 21st:—
“ Begins. My telegram 90. Gendarmerie force under Captain Oertin-
gren is expected to reach Kazerun to-day. I trust it may be possible to have
orders issued by Persian Government that on no account should any attack be
made on Kamarij and that no action should be taken by gendarmerie against
present Kalantar who has always been gendarmes’ best friend and supporter
on road.
“ Addressed Tehran; repeated Basrah, Busbire. Ends. ”
the
Foreign
and Political
3.
Telegram P., No. 42, dated the 22nd (received 24th) April 1915.
From— His Britannic Majesty’s Minister, Tehran,
To—The Secretary to the Government of India in
Department, Simla.
Clear the line. Please refer to my telegram No. 163.
Since yesterday the situation over here has developed very rapidly, and
Persian Cabinet has submitted its resignation to His Imperial Majesty the
Shah.
Moreover our position has been affected most gravely by a run on
Imperial Bank of Persia, which has been organised by German Legation ; this
Legation has itself withdrawn in bullion over sixty thousand tomans; only
this morning I was informed by Manager of Bank that he will not be able
to meet more than 80^ of bis notes of issue. Bank’s present plight has been
brought about by its inability to transfer cash from provinces, as a result of
insecurity of roads and failure on the part of Persian Government to repay
large advance made. If Bank suspends payment, this is certain to result in
serious disturbances at Tehran and as disturbances are being fomented by
| India, Foreign Secretary's
I No 20 datec *
20 aiAYi915

About this item

Content

The volume concerns the Persian Gendarmerie in southern Persia (Fars), and the pro-German feelings of the Swedish officers who were part of it.

The volume covers:

  • Accusations against Swedish officers employed by the Persian Gendarmerie in Fars, suggesting that they have been abandoning their neutrality to support German interests.
  • Anti British attitude of Swedish officers; request for their withdrawal.
  • Consignment of arms and ammunitions at Bushire, for the use of the Persian Gendarmerie.
  • List of Swedish officers in service for the Persian Gendarmerie.
  • Alleged intrigues by Major Previtz and other Swedish officers.
  • Conditions offered to the Swedish officers of the Gendarmerie for their withdrawal from Fars.
  • Proposed subvention for the Gendarmerie.
  • Situation at Tehran.

The volume’s principal correspondents are: Charles Hardinge, Viceroy of India; Percy Cox, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; Walter Beaupre Townley and Charles Marling, British Ministers at Tehran; the Swedish Legation in London; Edward Grey, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs; Esme Howard, British Consul at Stockholm; Eyre Alexander Barby Wichart Crowe and Maurice de Bunsen, Foreign Office; Thomas William Holderness and Arthur Hirtzel, India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; William Frederick Travers O'Connor, British Consul at Shiraz; George Buchanan, British Ambassador in Russia.

The volume contains some letters in French, from the Swedish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and from Gustav Edwall and Gustav Hjalmar Previtz, Persian Gendarmerie.

Extent and format
1 volume (257 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 259; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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File 3516/1914 Pt 7 'German War: Persia' [‎145r] (294/519), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/484, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100047817322.0x00005f> [accessed 27 January 2020]

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