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File 3516/1914 Pt 7 'German War: Persia' [‎148r] (300/519)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (257 folios). It was created in 20 Mar 1915-3 Dec 1915. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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prevent Wassmuss’s coming without orders from Tehran. If Persian Govern
ment do not issue instructions to Governor, perhaps it would be advisable to
inform them that, as Wassmuss is advisedly a firebrand stirring up tribes to
jehad, his presence at Borasjun is a menace to our interests at Bushire and he
should be called back and not allowed to proceed to Bushire; and that if he
enters Bushire we shall be compelled in our own interests and to preserve
order to take all possible steps to remove him.
Addressed to Tehran; repeated to Basrah, Shiraz.
Telegram It., No. 1009 B., dated 29th (received 30th) April 1915.
From—The Hon'ble Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Percy Cox, K.C.I.E., C.S.I.,
Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , Basrah,
To—The Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign and Political Depart
ment, Simla.
Poliowing from Shiraz, No. 108 :—
Begins. Major Pravitz informed me some days (?go) that he has applied j
for leave and will start shortly for Sweden. This will leave two junior Swedes
who are not regular officers with Pars gendarmerie.
As already reported gendarmerie finances are desperate. Men have not
been paid for months and there are heavy arrears. There have been many
symptoms of disaffection lately and other abuses which must arise when men
are not paid.
Present gendarmerie organisation in fact is fast breaking down and cannot
last much longer. Pars gendarmerie cannot safely be entrusted to two young i
inexperienced Swedes and it cannot exist without money.
I am firm believer in principle of gendarmerie, which even under Swedes
has more than justified itself by results. I venture to urge, therefore, that we
should now undertake to provide funds for its continuance but on condition
that foreign officers shall be changed. I have already submitted suggestions
regarding their replacement.
Addressed Tehran; repeated Basrah, Bushire.
Telegram, No. 1007 B., dated (an^^received) the 30th April 1915.
From—The Hon'ble Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Percy Cox, K.C.I.E., C.S.I.,
Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , Basrah,
To—The Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign and Political Depart
ment, Simla.
My telegram, dated 17th April, 880 B.
Poliowing received from O’Connor, Shiraz :—
Begins. Kamarij situation. Pravitz informed me this morning that,
owing to situation at Kamarij, road could not be considered safe, and that be
had instructed Oertengren to arrange question amicably with Kalantar. I
gather, however, from various sources that it is intended to remove Kalantar,
and, if he resists, there will be fighting and such may spread. Whole affair is
intrigue as arranged by Governor-General and his clique supported by gendar
merie. What is required is immediate recall of gendarmerie expedition and
urgent order to Governor-General and Pravitz that present Kalantur is not to
be°interfered with. As already reported, he is loyal to Persian Government and
friendly to us. Ends.
^
Telegram R., No. 1014 B., dated (and received) the 30th April 1915.
From—The Hon'ble Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Percy Cox, K.C.I.E., C.S.I.,
Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , Basrah,
To The Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign and Political Depart
ment, Simla.
Poliowing from Shiraz, dated April 29th :—
Begins. I discussed situation again with Kawam yesterday. He is
alarmed at increasing violence of democrats, who are threatening him and

About this item

Content

The volume concerns the Persian Gendarmerie in southern Persia (Fars), and the pro-German feelings of the Swedish officers who were part of it.

The volume covers:

  • Accusations against Swedish officers employed by the Persian Gendarmerie in Fars, suggesting that they have been abandoning their neutrality to support German interests.
  • Anti British attitude of Swedish officers; request for their withdrawal.
  • Consignment of arms and ammunitions at Bushire, for the use of the Persian Gendarmerie.
  • List of Swedish officers in service for the Persian Gendarmerie.
  • Alleged intrigues by Major Previtz and other Swedish officers.
  • Conditions offered to the Swedish officers of the Gendarmerie for their withdrawal from Fars.
  • Proposed subvention for the Gendarmerie.
  • Situation at Tehran.

The volume’s principal correspondents are: Charles Hardinge, Viceroy of India; Percy Cox, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; Walter Beaupre Townley and Charles Marling, British Ministers at Tehran; the Swedish Legation in London; Edward Grey, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs; Esme Howard, British Consul at Stockholm; Eyre Alexander Barby Wichart Crowe and Maurice de Bunsen, Foreign Office; Thomas William Holderness and Arthur Hirtzel, India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; William Frederick Travers O'Connor, British Consul at Shiraz; George Buchanan, British Ambassador in Russia.

The volume contains some letters in French, from the Swedish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and from Gustav Edwall and Gustav Hjalmar Previtz, Persian Gendarmerie.

Extent and format
1 volume (257 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 259; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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File 3516/1914 Pt 7 'German War: Persia' [‎148r] (300/519), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/484, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100047817322.0x000065> [accessed 9 December 2019]

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