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File 3516/1914 Pt 7 'German War: Persia' [‎194r] (392/519)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (257 folios). It was created in 20 Mar 1915-3 Dec 1915. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Meiroraaduir conrunicatod to tii© Minister tor Foregn
AfTairs on March 17 1915.
In January last a consigmrent of 1400 cases
of anrs and anriunition and boxrbs which had been landed at
Bushiro for the GendanreriQ were taken delivery of by
Captains Poussette and Lundbor^ who had been specially
sent for the purpose to Shiraz, and conveyed to tne
latter place. Although there was no reason to suppose
at that iroirent that the arcs and amrunition were not
destined for the legitimate uses of tne Gendarmerie, the
consignment was handled in such a peculiar and secretive
manner that some suspicion as to their real destination
was expressed at the time. Almost simultaneously h00,000
rounds of ammunition mien nad been previously deposited i
at hohaxnrnorah were despatched to Anwaz, uaddr orders to be
forwarddd from- thence to Isfahan. This ammunition was
however detained at Ahwaz and had been returned to Moham-
merah after the arrival of British troops at Ahwaz.
There was so much mystery attaching to the r
transportation of both these consignments of arms that
much suspicion was aroused, although at the time the good
faith of the Swedish officers and indirectly of their employ
er, the Persian Government, was not in question.
From information that has since come into the
possession of the British authorities in tne Persian. Gulf
it would appear evident that tno despatch ox this wor
material was connected with a German e w±*iwh was
timed to mature this spring, at wnich time it was calcul
ated, the call to Jihad would have produced its fullest
effect, and the Persian Government would have found
itself either dragged into the war on the side of Turkey
or powerless to control the Gendarmerie. Then would have

About this item


The volume concerns the Persian Gendarmerie in southern Persia (Fars), and the pro-German feelings of the Swedish officers who were part of it.

The volume covers:

  • Accusations against Swedish officers employed by the Persian Gendarmerie in Fars, suggesting that they have been abandoning their neutrality to support German interests.
  • Anti British attitude of Swedish officers; request for their withdrawal.
  • Consignment of arms and ammunitions at Bushire, for the use of the Persian Gendarmerie.
  • List of Swedish officers in service for the Persian Gendarmerie.
  • Alleged intrigues by Major Previtz and other Swedish officers.
  • Conditions offered to the Swedish officers of the Gendarmerie for their withdrawal from Fars.
  • Proposed subvention for the Gendarmerie.
  • Situation at Tehran.

The volume’s principal correspondents are: Charles Hardinge, Viceroy of India; Percy Cox, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; Walter Beaupre Townley and Charles Marling, British Ministers at Tehran; the Swedish Legation in London; Edward Grey, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs; Esme Howard, British Consul at Stockholm; Eyre Alexander Barby Wichart Crowe and Maurice de Bunsen, Foreign Office; Thomas William Holderness and Arthur Hirtzel, India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; William Frederick Travers O'Connor, British Consul at Shiraz; George Buchanan, British Ambassador in Russia.

The volume contains some letters in French, from the Swedish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and from Gustav Edwall and Gustav Hjalmar Previtz, Persian Gendarmerie.

Extent and format
1 volume (257 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 259; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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File 3516/1914 Pt 7 'German War: Persia' [‎194r] (392/519), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/484, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 30 March 2020]

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