al-Ghiná wa-al-muná الغنى والمنى Qumrī, Abū Manṣūr al-Ḥasan ibn Nūḥ قمري، أبو منصور الحسن بن نوح

Or 6623

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The record is made up of Codex A collection of pages, usually gathered into quires, and bound between covers. ; ff. ii+262+ii. It was created in 19 Rabī‘ II 678. It was written in Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: Oriental Manuscripts.

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Content

Medical compendium by Abū Manṣūr al-Ḥasan ibn Nūḥ al-Qumrī (أبو منصور الحصن بن نوح القمري, fl. 10th century).

The text is divided into three treatises (مقالات), each subdivided into chapters (أبواب). A table of contents listing the three treatises and all of their chapters is found on ff. 2r-4r.

Contents:

Preface and table of contents (ff. 1v-4r);

  • Treatise One: Diseases Occurring from Head to Toe (المقالة الأولى في الأمراض الحادثة من الفرق إلى القدم, ff. 4v-185v);
  • Treatise Two: External Illnesses (المقالة الثانية في العلل الظاهرة, ff 185v-216r);
  • Treatise Three: On Fevers (المقالة الثالثة في الحميات, ff. 216r-262r).

The copy was completed in the late morning of Wednesday 19 Rabī‘ II 678/9 August 1279 in Jazīrat Dār al-Fatḥ (جزيرة دار الفتح) by Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad al-Shīrāzī (محمد بن أحمد بن محمد بن أحمد الشيرازي), who copied the text for his own use (see colophon Section at the end of a manuscript text. , f. 262r, lines 10-15, transcribed below).

The text is followed (f. 262v) by a brief extract concerning the skink (سقنقور) taken from the Compendium of Medicines (كتاب جامع الأدوية).

Begins (f. 1v, lines 2-6):

الحمد لله رب العالمين والعاقبة للمتقين ولا عدوان إلا على الظالمين والصلوة

والسلام والتحية والرضوان على سيد الأنبياء والمرسلين محمد وآله الطاهرين أجمعين

قال الشيخ الحكيم أبو منصور الحسن بن نوح القمري رحمه الله

إني لم أزل في صباي منذ عقلت أحب العلوم الطبيعية وتنازعني في نفسي إليها وخصوصًا علم

الطب ...

Ends (f. 262r, lines 5-8):

... وفيما أتيت به من تلك النسخ غنية عن رجوع إلى القرابادينات ولله

الذي ألهمني هذا العلم وهداني إليه ووفقني له الشكر دائمًا والحمد واصبًا

والصلوة على رسوله وخير خلقة محمد سيد المرسلين

وآله الطيبين الطاهرين وأصحابه الأخيار

Colophon Section at the end of a manuscript text. (f. 262r, lines 9-15):

قد تم الكتاب بحمد الله الملك الوهاب على يدي العبد المحتاج

[إلـ]ـى رحمة ربه التواب محمد بن أحمد بن محمد بن أحمد الشيرازي

أصلح الله شأنه في جزيرة دار الفتح أدال حماها الله تعالى من

الآفات ورقاها من المخافات ضحوة يوم الأربعاء التاسع عشر

من شهر الله المبارك ربيع الآخر لسنة ثمان وسبعين وستمائة

والحمد لله وحده وصلواته على خير خلقه نبيه محمد وآله

كتبه لنفسه متع به

Extent and format
Codex A collection of pages, usually gathered into quires, and bound between covers. ; ff. ii+262+ii
Physical characteristics

Material: Eastern laid paper

Dimensions: folios trimmed to 200 x 135 mm, except for f. 168, which is 230 x 135 mm [150 x 110 mm text frame]

Foliation: British Museum foliation; ff. 2-15 have Eastern Arabic foliation in ink above text frame towards gutter of versos; f. 4 has Eastern Arabic foliation in ink in upper edge corner; after f. 15, Eastern Arabic foliation in ink is occasionally visible or partially visible in upper edge corners of rectos (e.g. ff. 16r, 26r, and 168r)

Ruling: No ruling visible; 17 lines per page; vertical spacing 12 lines per 10 cm

Script: Naskh ; the scribe is Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad al-Shīrāzī (محمد بن أحمد بن محمد بن أحمد الشيرازي, f. 262r, line 10)

Ink: Black ink, with rubricated headings and punctuation overlinings in red

Decoration: First opening (ff. 1v-2r) is framed in black and yellow; all pages thereafter framed in red

Binding: British Museum half-leather binding; binding made to fit largest folio (f. 168: 230 x 135 mm)

Condition: All folios guarded, tidemarks towards gutter, some insect damge repaired, some offsetting (e.g. ff. 1v-2r, with damage to paper due to ink spill on ff. 167v-168r)

Marginalia: Many by various hands, see especially ff. 167v-168r

Seals: None

Written in
Arabic in Arabic script
Type
Manuscript

Archive information for this record

Access & Reference

Original held at
British Library: Oriental Manuscripts
Access conditions

Unrestricted

Archive reference
Or 6623

History of this record

Date(s)
19 Rabī‘ II 678 (AH, Hijri qamari)
Context of creation

Jazīrat Dār al-Fatḥ (جزيرة دار الفتح)

Provenance

Rustum ibn Aḥmad al-Shirwānī (رستم بن أحمد الشرواني): his inscription without date (f. 1r);

Būlus walad Sham‘ān (بولس ولد شمعان): his inscription without date (f. 1r).

Immediate source of acquisition

Purchased from John R. Wortabet (1827-1908), 11 April 1905

Related material

Finding aids
  • Ellis, A.G. and Edward Edwards, A Descriptive List of the Arabic Manuscripts Acquired by the Trustees of the British Museum since 1894 (London: British Museum, 1912), p. 42
  • Hamarneh, Sami, Catalogue of Arabic Manuscripts on Medicine and Pharmacy at the British Library (Cairo: Les Editions Universitaires d’Egypte, 1975), Item 77, pp. 72
Select Bibliography

Studies:

  • Karmi, Ghada, 'Arabic Medicine in the 10th Century: A Study Based on the Book Ghina wa Muna by Abū Manṣūr al-Ḥasan b. Nūḥ al-Qumrī', Proceedings of the First International Symposium for the History of Arabic Science, April 5-12, 1976, vol. 2: Papers in European Languages (Aleppo: Institute for the History of Arabic Science, 1978), pp. 326-35
  • Sezgin, Fuat, Geschichte des arabischen Schrifttums , vol. 3 (Leiden: Brill, 1970), p. 319
  • Ullmann, Manfred, Die Medizin im Islam (Leiden: Brill, 1970), pp. 147

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al-Ghiná wa-al-muná الغنى والمنى Qumrī, Abū Manṣūr al-Ḥasan ibn Nūḥ قمري، أبو منصور الحسن بن نوح, British Library: Oriental Manuscripts, Or 6623, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100047867559.0x000001> [accessed 7 December 2019]

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