Sharḥ fuṣūl Abuqrāṭ شرح فصول أبقراط Ibn Abī Ṣādiq al-Nīsābūrī, Abū al-Qāsim ʻAbd al-Raḥmān ibn ʻAlī ابن أبي صادق النيسابوري، أبو القاسم عبد الرحمن بن علي

Or 6386

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The record is made up of Codex A collection of pages, usually gathered into quires, and bound between covers. ; ff. ii+128+i. It was created in 14th century. It was written in Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: Oriental Manuscripts.

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Commentary by Abū al-Qāsim ʻAbd al-Raḥmān ibn ʻAlī Ibn Abī Ṣādiq al-Nīsābūrī (أبو القاسم عبد الرحمن بن علي ابن أبي صادق النيسابوري, d. ca 1068) on the Aphorisms (Kitāb al-fuṣūl) of Hippocrates (أبقراط, d. ca 370 BC). The commentary is based on Galen of Pergamon's (جالينوس, d. ca 216) commentary on the Aphorisms .

The text is defective at the end finishing abruptly during the commentary on Book Seven, Aphorism 54 (see Tytler ed., p. 65).

Begins (f. 2v, lines 1-5):

الحمد لله رب العالمين وصلواته على

محمد وآله الطيبين الطاهرين قال عبد الرحمان (!) بن علي بن أبي صادق رحمه الله

بعد حمد الله بجميع محامده والثناء عليه بما هو له أهل والصلوة على [...]

إن العناية تبعث الخلق على اقتناء باب من أبواب العلوم من أشرف الفضائل

الإنسانية سيما ما كان الناس كافة أمسّ حاجة إليه من غيره كعلم الطب

Ends (f. 128v, lines 15-17, defective at end and edge margin mutilated):

[... النخا]ع من الوتين (؟) والتحرك أكثر مما ينال النخاع بحسب ما له من الفضاء الذي

[...] وحد مثله للنخاع ويعرض للقوة النفسانية في تلك الحال أن يتقيص لناذها

[...] الحركة والإشراف على الخطر ويكمن ويسكن ويعرض لبعض الأعصاب أن يتمدد

Extent and format
Codex A collection of pages, usually gathered into quires, and bound between covers. ; ff. ii+128+i
Physical characteristics

Material: Eastern laid paper

Dimensions: 186 x 106 mm leaf [135 x 80 mm written]

Foliation: Eastern Arabic pagination in black ink; British Museum foliation in pencil

Ruling: Misṭarah ; 17 lines per page; vertical spacing 13 lines per 10 cm

Script: Naskh

Ink: Black

Decoration: None

Binding: British Museum half-leather binding

Condition: All folios guarded; minor tidemarks at head;ff. 2-9 and 103-128 mutilated and repaired with minor loss of text

Marginalia: Few by multiple hands (see e.g. ff. 49v-50r)

Seals: F. 2r

Written in
Arabic in Arabic script
Type
Manuscript

Archive information for this record

Access & Reference

Original held at
British Library: Oriental Manuscripts
Access conditions

Unrestricted

Archive reference
Or 6386

History of this record

Date(s)
14th century (CE, Gregorian)
Provenance
  • Semi-legible seal dated 1138/1725-6 (f. 2r);
  • Muḥammad ‘Alī (محمد علي): his seal, with date 1010/1601-2 (f. 2r);
  • Ḥusayn Shāh Ghulāmī (حسين شاه غلامي): his seal, with date 1097/1685-6 (f. 2r ; see Chester Beatty Library Islamic Seals Database no. 454);
  • Inscription with no visible name, with date 18 Shawwāl 1127/17 October 1715 (f. 2r).
Immediate source of acquisition

Purchased from Ibrahim Elias Gejou, 17 June 1902

Related material

Finding aids
  • Ellis, A.G. and Edward Edwards, A Descriptive List of the Arabic Manuscripts Acquired by the Trustees of the British Museum since 1894 (London: British Museum, 1912), p. 42
  • Hamarneh, Sami, Catalogue of Arabic Manuscripts on Medicine and Pharmacy at the British Library (Cairo: Les Editions Universitaires d’Egypte, 1975), Item 3, pp. 3-4
Select Bibliography

Edition of Arabic text of the Aphorisms of Hippocrates:

  • Hippocrates, الفصول الابقراطية The Aphorisms of Hippocrates, Translated into Arabic by Honain ben Ishak, Physician to the Caliph Motawakkul , ed. by John Tytler (Calcutta: The Education press, 1832)

Studies:

  • Karimullah, Kamran, 'Transformation of Galen’s Textual Legacy from Classical to Post-Classical Islamic Medicine: Commentaries on the Hippocratic Aphorisms', Intellectual History of the Islamicate World 5.3 (2017) 311-358
  • Pormann, Peter and Kamran Karimullah, 'The Arabic Commentaries on the Hippocratic Aphorisms: Introduction', Oriens: journal of the International Society for Oriental Research 45.1-2 (2017), 1-52
  • Rosenthal, Franz, '"Life Is Short, the Art Is Long": Arabic Commentaries on the First Hippocratic Aphorism', Bulletin of the History of Medicine 40, 1966, p. 226-45
  • Sezgin, Fuat, Geschichte des arabischen Schrifttums , vol. 3 (Leiden: Brill, 1970). pp. 30 and 411
  • Ullmann, Manfred, Die Medizin im Islam (Leiden: Brill, 1970), p. 160

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Sharḥ fuṣūl Abuqrāṭ شرح فصول أبقراط Ibn Abī Ṣādiq al-Nīsābūrī, Abū al-Qāsim ʻAbd al-Raḥmān ibn ʻAlī ابن أبي صادق النيسابوري، أبو القاسم عبد الرحمن بن علي, British Library: Oriental Manuscripts, Or 6386, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100047991206.0x000001> [accessed 8 December 2019]

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