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The record is made up of 1 volume (223 folios). It was created in 1923. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Before concluding this chapter it is advisable to refer briefly
to some relevant factors concerning the adjoining states and
Persia, for reasons which are well known, was practically
impotent during the campaign to resist any but minor aggres
sion from without.
The Anglo-Persian oilfield is at Maidan-i-Naftun, about
twenty-six miles south-east of Shushtar in Bakhtiari territory.
In this oilfield the British Government before the war had
obtained a predominant interest in order to secure a con
trolled supply for the needs of the navy. The Bakhtiaris
had a financial interest in the oilfields and were under a
definite agreement to protect them and the pipe-line within
their territory. This pipe carries the oil for over one hundred
and forty miles to the refinery in Abadan island on the Shatt
al Arab : for the greater part of its length it passes through
the country of the Shaikh of Mohammerah, who, although
paramount in Southern Arabistan, had not much power over
the tribes west of the Karun river and had practically no
power at all over the Arabs of Northern Arabistan. The
principal means of communication in Arabistan is by the Karun
river and the tracks that exist are usually only practicable for
pack transport. I he physical and climatic conditions in the
greater part of this area are generally similar to those prevailing
in Lower Mesopotamia.
Kuwait is an Arab State, south of Basra, extending about
one hundred and ninety miles from north-north-west to south-
south-east, but with indefinite and fluctuating boundaries to
westward. It possesses a fine bay and was at one time con
sidered as a possible terminus for the Baghdad railway, due
mainly to exaggerated ideas of the difficulty of navigating
the Shatt al Arab. The Shaikh of Kuwait has independently
contracted obligations from time to time with the British
Government and when war broke out he was definitely under
our protection.
Stretching south-east from Kuwait towards the territorv of
the Trucial chiefs and inland to the frontiers of Nejd is
province of Al Hasa. The Turkish garrisons, whose
effective control had never extended beyond the immediate
vicinity of their posts, were ejected from this province by
Ibn Saud, Emir of Nejd, in 1913. This ruler had since then
entered into more or less intimate relations with the Indian
Government which led, shortly after war broke out, to his
espousing definitely the cause of Great Britain against the

About this item


The volume is the first volume of an official government publication compiled at the request of the Government of India, and under the direction of the Historical Section of the Committee of Imperial Defence, by Brigadier-General Frederick James Moberly. The volume was printed and published at His Majesty's Stationery Office, London.

The contents provide a narrative of the operations of 1914-1918 in Mesopotamia, based mainly on official documents.

The volume is divided into two parts. The first part, entitled, 'Part I. Before the Outbreak of Hostilities', consists of the following five chapters:

  • General Description of the Country
  • The Turks in Mesopotamia
  • British Pre-War Policy
  • The Army in India and Pre-War Military Policy
  • Inception of the Operations

The second part, entitled, 'Part II. The Campaign in Lower Mesopotamia', consists of the following seven chapters:

  • The Landing in Mesopotamia of Force "D" and the Operations Leading to the Occupation of Basra
  • The Occupation of Basra and the Capture of Qurna
  • Commencement of the Turkish Counter-Offensive
  • Development and Defeat of the Turkish Counter-Offensive
  • Operations in Arabistan and the Capture of Amara
  • Operations on the Euphrates and the Occupation of Nasiriya
  • The battle of Kut and Occupation of Aziziya

The volume also includes nine maps, entitled:

  • The Middle East
  • Lower Mesopotamia
  • Map 1 - To illustrate operations described in Chapter VI
  • Map 2 - To illustrate fighting near Qurna
  • Map 3 - To illustrate fighting round Shaiba
  • Map 4 - To illustrate operations in Persian Arabistan
  • Map 5 - To illustrate operations in the Akaika Channel 27th June to 5th July 1915
  • Map 6 - To illustrate operations near Nasiriya 6th to 24th July 1915
  • Map 7 - To illustrate the Battle of Kut 28th September 1915
Extent and format
1 volume (223 folios)

The volume contains a page of errata (folio 5), a list of contents (folios 6-8), a list of maps and illustrations (folio 9), appendices (folios 185v-192), an index (folios 192v-214v), and eight maps in a pocket attached to the inside back cover (folios 217-224).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover with 1 and terminates at the inside back cover with 225; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'HISTORY OF THE GREAT WAR BASED ON OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS. THE CAMPAIGN IN MESOPOTAMIA 1914-1918. VOLUME I.' [‎17v] (39/454), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/66/1, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 2 July 2020]

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