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The record is made up of 1 volume (223 folios). It was created in 1923. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Fromlqno’t’inl 0 " 5 ich , en< ! Ur u d 0n the North - w est Frontier
Jrom 1900 till the outbreak of the world war and after* The
general aims and principles were stated by Lord Curzon in his
budget speech of 30th March 1904 as being “ not so much to
prevent war by preparing for it, as to produce peace by creating
the requisite conditions,” and in the official despatches they
were summarised somewhat as follows ^ y
{a) to avoid locking up regular garrisons in costly fortified
positions at a distance from our base, where the
troops themselves are practically lost to the offensive
strength of India, and in time of emergency would
probab y require additional forces to be detached from
tne Indian army for their protection ;
inasmuch as positions or districts, which had been
taken under a greater or less degree of control by the
Government of India, could not be left without military
protection to interest, as far as possible, the inhabitants
of the locality in their own defence, and at the same
ime to establish a lien upon their loyalty by enrolling
them in varying systems of organisation as a tribal
force to supply the local garrisons ;
to maintain movable columns of regular troops at bases
within or contiguous to the administrative frontier of
ndm, ready to march at a moment’s notice to the
relief or defence of the advanced positions : further to
connect the cantonments in which the movable columns
are quartered with the military resources of India by
means of light railways joined to the main railway
systems. -r
rp L t 2 ® , n ®, xt s , even y ears the ar my was to be reorganised,
had W “a re - e< 3. m PP ed - Th e necessity of such reform;
tteAFSTl? and C p ntmued t0 be increasingly apparent until
the Anglo-Russian Convention of 1907 placed the relations of
due to th° UI ; S ° n & m ° re friendl y basis ' This necessity was
Rnss a Itt C T P rox ! mit y t0 our North-West Frontier which
Russia attained ; to the growing power of Afghanistan ; and
to our increased responsibilities on the North-West Frontier
hwT"’ "Vr® Debate ° f 1903 in the India n Legist
that we? Un «’ V° rd Y rz0n drew attention to the world changes
that were affecting Asia and which wou ld, as he said, ” hive

About this item


The volume is the first volume of an official government publication compiled at the request of the Government of India, and under the direction of the Historical Section of the Committee of Imperial Defence, by Brigadier-General Frederick James Moberly. The volume was printed and published at His Majesty's Stationery Office, London.

The contents provide a narrative of the operations of 1914-1918 in Mesopotamia, based mainly on official documents.

The volume is divided into two parts. The first part, entitled, 'Part I. Before the Outbreak of Hostilities', consists of the following five chapters:

  • General Description of the Country
  • The Turks in Mesopotamia
  • British Pre-War Policy
  • The Army in India and Pre-War Military Policy
  • Inception of the Operations

The second part, entitled, 'Part II. The Campaign in Lower Mesopotamia', consists of the following seven chapters:

  • The Landing in Mesopotamia of Force "D" and the Operations Leading to the Occupation of Basra
  • The Occupation of Basra and the Capture of Qurna
  • Commencement of the Turkish Counter-Offensive
  • Development and Defeat of the Turkish Counter-Offensive
  • Operations in Arabistan and the Capture of Amara
  • Operations on the Euphrates and the Occupation of Nasiriya
  • The battle of Kut and Occupation of Aziziya

The volume also includes nine maps, entitled:

  • The Middle East
  • Lower Mesopotamia
  • Map 1 - To illustrate operations described in Chapter VI
  • Map 2 - To illustrate fighting near Qurna
  • Map 3 - To illustrate fighting round Shaiba
  • Map 4 - To illustrate operations in Persian Arabistan
  • Map 5 - To illustrate operations in the Akaika Channel 27th June to 5th July 1915
  • Map 6 - To illustrate operations near Nasiriya 6th to 24th July 1915
  • Map 7 - To illustrate the Battle of Kut 28th September 1915
Extent and format
1 volume (223 folios)

The volume contains a page of errata (folio 5), a list of contents (folios 6-8), a list of maps and illustrations (folio 9), appendices (folios 185v-192), an index (folios 192v-214v), and eight maps in a pocket attached to the inside back cover (folios 217-224).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover with 1 and terminates at the inside back cover with 225; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'HISTORY OF THE GREAT WAR BASED ON OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS. THE CAMPAIGN IN MESOPOTAMIA 1914-1918. VOLUME I.' [‎37r] (78/454), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/66/1, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 15 September 2019]

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