Skip to item: of 454
Information about this record Back to top
Open in Universal viewer
Open in Mirador IIIF viewer


The record is made up of 1 volume (223 folios). It was created in 1923. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.

Apply page layout

capacity as Military Member of Council is also the head
are both permanently located in Simla; ” and in their
“Recommendations” they say, “ It is clear that the combination
of the duties of Commander-in-Chief in India and Military
Member of Council cannot adequately be performed by any
one man in time of war and that the existing organisation
is at once over-centralised at its head and cumbrous in its
duality below.” It is no part of this history to discuss the
merits and demerits of this question, but it may be stated
confidently that the higher military authorities at home and
in India have been, and are still, averse to any reversion to the
former arrangement which had been stigmatised by Lord
Kitchener as one of dual control and divided responsibility
and they consider that by amending procedure and by
relieving the Commander-in-Chief of some of his responsibilities,
the system can be placed on a proper footing. The Mesopo
tamia Commission appear to have had some difficulty in
understanding the question and they have included in their
report a curious inaccuracy with regard to the location of
Army Headquarters at Simla*
Just before Lord Kitchener’s arrival, the Government of
India accepted the following principles put forward by General
Sir Power Palmer, then officiating as Commander-in-Chief,
to form the basis of the reorganisation of the army: “The
o ject that should be aimed at is a redistribution of troops
allowed by a fresh grouping of Districts and Commands,
which would enable each military area to provide its definite
quota to the field army with the least possible dislocation, with
istncts and brigades, if possible, taking their places in the
Held under the commanders who had trained the various
units in peace, and leaving sufficient troops in obligatory
garnsons to hold the country in rear.” Lord Kitchener’s
scheme presented in 1903 was framed in accordance with these
pnncip es with a Divisional instead of a District organisation,
as being better suited to meet field service conditions on or
across the North-West Frontier. He considered existing
Nepar'^nd tw S & hillt ° P in the Himalayas on the borders of
bilitv' In nnin/nf f f 0 ani ,T,f dvert on its remot eness and inaccessi-
connected hvaLd fact '. Sim ^ JS 400 miles from the Nepal border and it is
with the main hr H ay ^ ^ mileS l ? ng ' as wel1 as b y a g°°d motor road,
it b d g f Uge railwa y s of India ; and, as distances go in India,
while it il * eaSY T radwa y J° urne y of Delhi, Lahore, Bombay and Calcutta,
Cantonments nf N ^ , RawaI P indi > Peshawar and the main military
ovS^Ts esseltiSTn n ern India than any of the other large centres. More-
be at the India that militar y headquarters should
oe at the same centre as the chief civil government.

About this item


The volume is the first volume of an official government publication compiled at the request of the Government of India, and under the direction of the Historical Section of the Committee of Imperial Defence, by Brigadier-General Frederick James Moberly. The volume was printed and published at His Majesty's Stationery Office, London.

The contents provide a narrative of the operations of 1914-1918 in Mesopotamia, based mainly on official documents.

The volume is divided into two parts. The first part, entitled, 'Part I. Before the Outbreak of Hostilities', consists of the following five chapters:

  • General Description of the Country
  • The Turks in Mesopotamia
  • British Pre-War Policy
  • The Army in India and Pre-War Military Policy
  • Inception of the Operations

The second part, entitled, 'Part II. The Campaign in Lower Mesopotamia', consists of the following seven chapters:

  • The Landing in Mesopotamia of Force "D" and the Operations Leading to the Occupation of Basra
  • The Occupation of Basra and the Capture of Qurna
  • Commencement of the Turkish Counter-Offensive
  • Development and Defeat of the Turkish Counter-Offensive
  • Operations in Arabistan and the Capture of Amara
  • Operations on the Euphrates and the Occupation of Nasiriya
  • The battle of Kut and Occupation of Aziziya

The volume also includes nine maps, entitled:

  • The Middle East
  • Lower Mesopotamia
  • Map 1 - To illustrate operations described in Chapter VI
  • Map 2 - To illustrate fighting near Qurna
  • Map 3 - To illustrate fighting round Shaiba
  • Map 4 - To illustrate operations in Persian Arabistan
  • Map 5 - To illustrate operations in the Akaika Channel 27th June to 5th July 1915
  • Map 6 - To illustrate operations near Nasiriya 6th to 24th July 1915
  • Map 7 - To illustrate the Battle of Kut 28th September 1915
Extent and format
1 volume (223 folios)

The volume contains a page of errata (folio 5), a list of contents (folios 6-8), a list of maps and illustrations (folio 9), appendices (folios 185v-192), an index (folios 192v-214v), and eight maps in a pocket attached to the inside back cover (folios 217-224).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover with 1 and terminates at the inside back cover with 225; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
View the complete information for this record

Use and share this item

Share this item
Cite this item in your research

'HISTORY OF THE GREAT WAR BASED ON OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS. THE CAMPAIGN IN MESOPOTAMIA 1914-1918. VOLUME I.' [‎38v] (81/454), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/66/1, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 6 July 2020]

Link to this item
Embed this item

Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.

<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="">'HISTORY OF THE GREAT WAR BASED ON OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS. THE CAMPAIGN IN MESOPOTAMIA 1914-1918. VOLUME I.' [&lrm;38v] (81/454)</a>
<a href="">
	<img src="!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" />
IIIF details

This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it. in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images

Use and reuse
Download this image