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'HISTORY OF THE GREAT WAR BASED ON OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS. THE CAMPAIGN IN MESOPOTAMIA 1914-1918. VOLUME I.' [‎49v] (103/454)

The record is made up of 1 volume (223 folios). It was created in 1923. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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78 HISTORY OF THE WAR : MESOPOTAMIA
days previously, showing the existence there of strong anti-
Russian and anti-British feeling ; he also stated that the
Turkish gunboat Marmariss was deep down in water, steam up
and coaled ready for a long voyage, and that the Vali of Basra
had notified British merchants that he might commandeer all
supplies of coal and oil. On the 15th, the Secretary of State
telegraphed a report of the despatch of Turkish emissaries to
rouse Pan-Islamic anti-British feeling in India ; and in the
next two days the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf.
reported that the oil company’s settlement at Abadan was
nervous of being attacked by the Turks and had asked for the
protection of a British war ship ; that all Moslems were very
anti-British ; that emissaries might go from Basra to stir up
trouble in India ; and that the Turks had requisitioned the
coal at Basra belonging to the Euphrates and Tigris Navigation
Company (Messrs. Lynch), whereby mail steamers were
prevented from running.
The situation appeared to call for precautionary action and
the Government of India at first made arrangements with the
Naval Commander-in-Chief for a warship and one hundred
sepoys from the Indian infantry detachment at Bushire to
proceed to Abadan for defensive purposes in case of attack
by the Turks. The local officers pointed out, how r ever, that
such action was likely to precipitate a collision with the
Turks and would be disliked by the Shaikh of Mohammerah.
In the meantime reports showed that the attitude of the
Porte had slightly improved ; and as it appeared to the
Government of India to be of the highest importance that
the responsibility for any hostile action should lie with
Turkey even if it were to entail some military disadvantage
or loss, on the 21st they referred the question to the Secretary
of State for the consideration of His Majesty’s Government
and requested instructions. On the same date they sent the
Secretary of State a further telegram saying that Germans of
the Hamburg-Amerika liner Ekbatana were reported as busy
filling an old Turkish lightship with sand preparatory to taking
her down the Shatt al Arab and sinking her in the fairway.
In London the situation was already engaging the attention
of the Admiralty and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , where Admiral Sir E.
Slade, as representing the Admiralty, and General Sir E. Barrow,
the Military Secretary at the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , held several
conferences on the subject. On the 18th, the Secretary of
State had telegraphed to the Viceroy asking him to consider,
in view of the possibility of an early rupture with Turkey, what

About this item

Content

The volume is the first volume of an official government publication compiled at the request of the Government of India, and under the direction of the Historical Section of the Committee of Imperial Defence, by Brigadier-General Frederick James Moberly. The volume was printed and published at His Majesty's Stationery Office, London.

The contents provide a narrative of the operations of 1914-1918 in Mesopotamia, based mainly on official documents.

The volume is divided into two parts. The first part, entitled, 'Part I. Before the Outbreak of Hostilities', consists of the following five chapters:

  • General Description of the Country
  • The Turks in Mesopotamia
  • British Pre-War Policy
  • The Army in India and Pre-War Military Policy
  • Inception of the Operations

The second part, entitled, 'Part II. The Campaign in Lower Mesopotamia', consists of the following seven chapters:

  • The Landing in Mesopotamia of Force "D" and the Operations Leading to the Occupation of Basra
  • The Occupation of Basra and the Capture of Qurna
  • Commencement of the Turkish Counter-Offensive
  • Development and Defeat of the Turkish Counter-Offensive
  • Operations in Arabistan and the Capture of Amara
  • Operations on the Euphrates and the Occupation of Nasiriya
  • The battle of Kut and Occupation of Aziziya

The volume also includes nine maps, entitled:

  • The Middle East
  • Lower Mesopotamia
  • Map 1 - To illustrate operations described in Chapter VI
  • Map 2 - To illustrate fighting near Qurna
  • Map 3 - To illustrate fighting round Shaiba
  • Map 4 - To illustrate operations in Persian Arabistan
  • Map 5 - To illustrate operations in the Akaika Channel 27th June to 5th July 1915
  • Map 6 - To illustrate operations near Nasiriya 6th to 24th July 1915
  • Map 7 - To illustrate the Battle of Kut 28th September 1915
Extent and format
1 volume (223 folios)
Arrangement

The volume contains a page of errata (folio 5), a list of contents (folios 6-8), a list of maps and illustrations (folio 9), appendices (folios 185v-192), an index (folios 192v-214v), and eight maps in a pocket attached to the inside back cover (folios 217-224).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover with 1 and terminates at the inside back cover with 225; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'HISTORY OF THE GREAT WAR BASED ON OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS. THE CAMPAIGN IN MESOPOTAMIA 1914-1918. VOLUME I.' [‎49v] (103/454), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/66/1, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100048172213.0x000068> [accessed 22 August 2019]

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