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'HISTORY OF THE GREAT WAR BASED ON OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS. THE CAMPAIGN IN MESOPOTAMIA 1914-1918. VOLUME I.' [‎50v] (105/454)

The record is made up of 1 volume (223 folios). It was created in 1923. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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80 HISTORY OF THE WAR : MESOPOTAMIA
* Known as Force ” A.”
f Known as Force " B.”
comment, not lessened by the fact that a failure to despatch
the crop would affect the pockets of many of the Arab chiefs
and local notables. Earlier in the month, the Foreign Office
had issued a warning to British ships to avoid Turkish waters
and ports ; there had been a misunderstanding as to the extent
that ships proceeding up the Shatt al Arab could be covered
by war insurance ; the reports regarding mines and the in
tention of the Turks to block the fairway had acted as a further
deterrent; and the British India Steamship Navigation Com
pany had been obliged by the demands for shipping in other
directions to take most of their regular ships off the run.
On the 29th, Admiral Slade urged on the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. that
troops should be despatched as suggested by the Admiralty
for the protection of the oil works at Abadan, to which
they attached great importance ; and on the 1 st September,
the Viceroy telegraphed Home expressing doubts as to the
sufficiency of our naval strength in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . The next
day the Political Secretary at the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , Sir A. Hirtzel,
raised the whole question on political grounds. He wrote
“ though it may be true that, so far as Turkey’s power of offence
in Europe is concerned, we can safely leave her till a later stage
in the war .... in the meantime the political effect in
the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. and in India of leaving the head of the Gulf
derelict will be disastrous, and we cannot afford, politically,
to acquiesce in such a thing for an indefinite period while the
main issues are being settled elsewhere. From the military point
of view a Turkish diversion in that region is doubtless negligible
—though under German officers it may not be wholly ineffec
tive : but it will be worked for all it is worth for the sake of the
political effect which the Turks and Germans hope to produce
through it on Moslem feeling in India. Moreover ....
we cannot begin by sacrificing the Shaikh of Kuwait.”
In minuting on the above, General Barrow pointed out how
the Turkish menace had altered the military problem, as far
as India was concerned; and he continued: “That problem
resolves itself into the extent to which we can employ Indian
troops outside India with a due regard to the defence of
India and the direction in which these troops can best be
utilised. The Government of India have concurred in the
employment of:—
(а) Three infantry and one cavalry divisions in Europe*
( б ) A force consisting of a mixed regular brigade and of
Imperial Service troops in East Africa.f

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Content

The volume is the first volume of an official government publication compiled at the request of the Government of India, and under the direction of the Historical Section of the Committee of Imperial Defence, by Brigadier-General Frederick James Moberly. The volume was printed and published at His Majesty's Stationery Office, London.

The contents provide a narrative of the operations of 1914-1918 in Mesopotamia, based mainly on official documents.

The volume is divided into two parts. The first part, entitled, 'Part I. Before the Outbreak of Hostilities', consists of the following five chapters:

  • General Description of the Country
  • The Turks in Mesopotamia
  • British Pre-War Policy
  • The Army in India and Pre-War Military Policy
  • Inception of the Operations

The second part, entitled, 'Part II. The Campaign in Lower Mesopotamia', consists of the following seven chapters:

  • The Landing in Mesopotamia of Force "D" and the Operations Leading to the Occupation of Basra
  • The Occupation of Basra and the Capture of Qurna
  • Commencement of the Turkish Counter-Offensive
  • Development and Defeat of the Turkish Counter-Offensive
  • Operations in Arabistan and the Capture of Amara
  • Operations on the Euphrates and the Occupation of Nasiriya
  • The battle of Kut and Occupation of Aziziya

The volume also includes nine maps, entitled:

  • The Middle East
  • Lower Mesopotamia
  • Map 1 - To illustrate operations described in Chapter VI
  • Map 2 - To illustrate fighting near Qurna
  • Map 3 - To illustrate fighting round Shaiba
  • Map 4 - To illustrate operations in Persian Arabistan
  • Map 5 - To illustrate operations in the Akaika Channel 27th June to 5th July 1915
  • Map 6 - To illustrate operations near Nasiriya 6th to 24th July 1915
  • Map 7 - To illustrate the Battle of Kut 28th September 1915
Extent and format
1 volume (223 folios)
Arrangement

The volume contains a page of errata (folio 5), a list of contents (folios 6-8), a list of maps and illustrations (folio 9), appendices (folios 185v-192), an index (folios 192v-214v), and eight maps in a pocket attached to the inside back cover (folios 217-224).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover with 1 and terminates at the inside back cover with 225; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'HISTORY OF THE GREAT WAR BASED ON OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS. THE CAMPAIGN IN MESOPOTAMIA 1914-1918. VOLUME I.' [‎50v] (105/454), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/66/1, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100048172213.0x00006a> [accessed 17 June 2019]

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