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The record is made up of 1 volume (223 folios). It was created in 1923. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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and damaged another, without sustaining any casualties
General Delamain had thus successfully carried out a great
part of his instructions. Thanks to the way in which the
Turks had been surprised—or to their apathy—and to the
co-operation of the navy, he had effected the usually difficult
task of landing on a hostile coast without much trouble and
without loss.
On the evening of the 10th, the Shaikh of Mohammerah
informed the British Consul of the presence south-west of
Mohammerah (eight or nine miles from the British camp) of a
Turkish force of six hundred men with seven or eight guns
under the command of Sami Bey, who, he said, intended to
attack at dawn. Just before 3 a.m. (11th), General Delamain
received information from the same source that the Turkish
force had started on their way to attack him ; and all prepara
tions had been made when the attack came about 5.30 a.m.
It was carried out against our outposts in a determined way
by about three hundred Turks, being mainly directed against
an old mud fort, about seven hundred yards south-west of
the camp, which was held by a detached post of a company
of the 117th Mahrattas.* The Mahrattas had no difficulty in
holding their position, and the Turks were driven off by a
counter-attack delivered by the 20th Punjabis, supported by
the 23rd Mountain Battery. This counter-attack led to some
close fighting among the date-palms, and we had two British
officers wounded (Major Ducat, 20th Punjabis, died of his
wounds), one Indian killed, two Indian officers and five
Indians wounded. Six Turkish prisoners were captured,, and
the Turks, who left nineteen dead and twelve wounded
behind them, admitted officially to eighty casualties. It was
ascertained from the prisoners that further Turkish attacks
were to be expected from a force which might amount to as
many as ten battalions.
General Delamain had intended to advance against the Turks
by land to the vicinity of Shamshamiya, but as he could get
no news from India of the expected reinforcements (owing to
the constant interruption by thunderstorms of the wireless
communication) ,f this intimation of further probable enemy
attacks decided him to remain where he was for the time
being, in order to safeguard the oil-works. He was further
* The camp lay to the south of a bend of the river running nearly east and
west. (See Map 1.)
t A telegram sent from India on the 10th informing him of the despatch
of reinforcements did not reach him till the 15th.

About this item


The volume is the first volume of an official government publication compiled at the request of the Government of India, and under the direction of the Historical Section of the Committee of Imperial Defence, by Brigadier-General Frederick James Moberly. The volume was printed and published at His Majesty's Stationery Office, London.

The contents provide a narrative of the operations of 1914-1918 in Mesopotamia, based mainly on official documents.

The volume is divided into two parts. The first part, entitled, 'Part I. Before the Outbreak of Hostilities', consists of the following five chapters:

  • General Description of the Country
  • The Turks in Mesopotamia
  • British Pre-War Policy
  • The Army in India and Pre-War Military Policy
  • Inception of the Operations

The second part, entitled, 'Part II. The Campaign in Lower Mesopotamia', consists of the following seven chapters:

  • The Landing in Mesopotamia of Force "D" and the Operations Leading to the Occupation of Basra
  • The Occupation of Basra and the Capture of Qurna
  • Commencement of the Turkish Counter-Offensive
  • Development and Defeat of the Turkish Counter-Offensive
  • Operations in Arabistan and the Capture of Amara
  • Operations on the Euphrates and the Occupation of Nasiriya
  • The battle of Kut and Occupation of Aziziya

The volume also includes nine maps, entitled:

  • The Middle East
  • Lower Mesopotamia
  • Map 1 - To illustrate operations described in Chapter VI
  • Map 2 - To illustrate fighting near Qurna
  • Map 3 - To illustrate fighting round Shaiba
  • Map 4 - To illustrate operations in Persian Arabistan
  • Map 5 - To illustrate operations in the Akaika Channel 27th June to 5th July 1915
  • Map 6 - To illustrate operations near Nasiriya 6th to 24th July 1915
  • Map 7 - To illustrate the Battle of Kut 28th September 1915
Extent and format
1 volume (223 folios)

The volume contains a page of errata (folio 5), a list of contents (folios 6-8), a list of maps and illustrations (folio 9), appendices (folios 185v-192), an index (folios 192v-214v), and eight maps in a pocket attached to the inside back cover (folios 217-224).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover with 1 and terminates at the inside back cover with 225; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'HISTORY OF THE GREAT WAR BASED ON OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS. THE CAMPAIGN IN MESOPOTAMIA 1914-1918. VOLUME I.' [‎65r] (134/454), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/66/1, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 19 August 2019]

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