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The record is made up of 1 volume (223 folios). It was created in 1923. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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against the north of Muzaira’a ; the four guns of the 76th
Battery were to support the attack on Muzaira’a, and the two
guns of the 82nd Battery the attack by the rest of the line,
while the 30th Mountain Battery, moving between the two, was
to support either attack as required ; and the 7th Rajputs
and 104th Rifles were to be in reserve. Arrangements were
made with the Senior Naval Officer for the close co-operation
of the guns under his command.
On the 7th the force assembled north of the creek above the
camp, and verbal instructions for the attack were issued to
unit commanders about 10 a.m.* The advance across the open
and bare sandy plain commenced about an hour later, when
Muzaira’a village was just visible in the mirage. At 9.45 the
ships had weighed and anchored about a mile up-stream, the
Espiegle leading with the Lawrence astern, the Odin and launches
to the south-eastward, and the Mejidieh and Blosse Lynch in
positions on the port side of the Espiegle. As soon as the ships
were seenf from Muzaira’a and Qurna the enemy’s guns
opened on them and the ships replied with lyddite, also shelling
the trenches to aid the land attack.
The Norfolks advanced on the centre of Muzaira'a with the
120th on their left, and the 110th, who were to make the turning
movement, echeloned back on their right; and the 7th and
104th were in reserve. About 11.30 the artillery came into
action against Muzaira’a and the trenches to the south of it.
The enemy had opened fire from their trenches at and near
Muzaira’a and from two guns north of that village, but these
guns were quickly silenced by the 76th Battery and were
subsequently captured intact. The whole of the British
artillery, both naval and military, made excellent practice
against the enemy’s position in spite of the mirage, which was
found particularly bad by the guns on shore. The Turks, when
they saw the direction of the British attack, tried to make a
diversion by reinforcing their right and firing heavily from
trenches hitherto silent. This caused several casualties to the
120th and the Norfolks, whose lines they enfiladed. The
advance of the 120th was temporarily checked, but General
Fry reinforced them with a company of the 7th and directed
the 82nd Battery to support them, while asking for a similar
* There had been some delay owing to the exceptionally high tide in the
t Although Qurna, except the point of the peninsula, could not be properly
seen from the decks of the ships owing to the intervening palm-trees, the masts
of the sloops could be seen from Qurna and afforded the Turks good ranging

About this item


The volume is the first volume of an official government publication compiled at the request of the Government of India, and under the direction of the Historical Section of the Committee of Imperial Defence, by Brigadier-General Frederick James Moberly. The volume was printed and published at His Majesty's Stationery Office, London.

The contents provide a narrative of the operations of 1914-1918 in Mesopotamia, based mainly on official documents.

The volume is divided into two parts. The first part, entitled, 'Part I. Before the Outbreak of Hostilities', consists of the following five chapters:

  • General Description of the Country
  • The Turks in Mesopotamia
  • British Pre-War Policy
  • The Army in India and Pre-War Military Policy
  • Inception of the Operations

The second part, entitled, 'Part II. The Campaign in Lower Mesopotamia', consists of the following seven chapters:

  • The Landing in Mesopotamia of Force "D" and the Operations Leading to the Occupation of Basra
  • The Occupation of Basra and the Capture of Qurna
  • Commencement of the Turkish Counter-Offensive
  • Development and Defeat of the Turkish Counter-Offensive
  • Operations in Arabistan and the Capture of Amara
  • Operations on the Euphrates and the Occupation of Nasiriya
  • The battle of Kut and Occupation of Aziziya

The volume also includes nine maps, entitled:

  • The Middle East
  • Lower Mesopotamia
  • Map 1 - To illustrate operations described in Chapter VI
  • Map 2 - To illustrate fighting near Qurna
  • Map 3 - To illustrate fighting round Shaiba
  • Map 4 - To illustrate operations in Persian Arabistan
  • Map 5 - To illustrate operations in the Akaika Channel 27th June to 5th July 1915
  • Map 6 - To illustrate operations near Nasiriya 6th to 24th July 1915
  • Map 7 - To illustrate the Battle of Kut 28th September 1915
Extent and format
1 volume (223 folios)

The volume contains a page of errata (folio 5), a list of contents (folios 6-8), a list of maps and illustrations (folio 9), appendices (folios 185v-192), an index (folios 192v-214v), and eight maps in a pocket attached to the inside back cover (folios 217-224).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover with 1 and terminates at the inside back cover with 225; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'HISTORY OF THE GREAT WAR BASED ON OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS. THE CAMPAIGN IN MESOPOTAMIA 1914-1918. VOLUME I.' [‎83v] (171/454), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/66/1, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 26 May 2020]

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