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'HISTORY OF THE GREAT WAR BASED ON OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS. THE CAMPAIGN IN MESOPOTAMIA 1914-1918. VOLUME I.' [‎114v] (233/454)

The record is made up of 1 volume (223 folios). It was created in 1923. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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206 HISTORY OF THE WAR: MESOPOTAMIA
perimeter. Three houses with walled gardens were in the
direct line of advance of the 104th, while, to their right and
between them and an open strip along the water’s edge, was
a plantation of small palm-trees. After passing the ’ first
house the 104th were temporarily checked by heavy fire from
North mound, from the second house and from the palm-grove
to their right front. In the meantime the 7th Lancers, forming
the cavalry advanced guard, had come under heavy fire from
the palm-grove, but, pushing past it, they charged North mound.
Reaching its vicinity, they found that they could not hold it
owing to heavy fire from the trenches in its rear and from the
adjacent two houses. They consequently withdrew. General
Melliss’ report of this combat specially brings to notice the great
gallantry of Major Wheeler and Jemadar Sudhan Singh, both
of the 7th Lancers, who charged the mound ahead of their
squadron and were killed there while attempting to capture
an Arab standard. When the 7th Lancers rejoined the main
body of the cavalry, General Kennedy decided that, in view
of the enemy’s strength, his instructions did not justify a
further advance and he withdrew to camp. In this small
affair the 7th Lancers had twenty-one men and eighty-one
horses killed and wounded and the 104th lost six killed and
twenty-two wounded.
From his point of vantage at Kiln Post, General Melliss
now observed large hostile bodies advancing near North
mound and to the east of it, and at 8.30 a.m. he issued orders
for a fresh attack. General Delamain was to attack North
mound with three battalions (2nd Dorsetshire, 104th Rifles
and 24th Punjabis*) of his 16th Brigade, his advance being
supported by the concentrated fire of the whole of the British
field and mountain artillery.
This advance commenced at about 10.30 a.m. Well sup
ported by artillery fire, the infantry moved forward without
a check and North mound was in their possession by 11 a.m.
with the enemy garrison in full retreat. Many of the Arabs
had held on with great tenacity, and ninety dead were found
on the mound itself; but the cavalry brigadef were not up to
take advantage of the opportunity presented by the fleeing
remainder of the Arabs. A section of “ S ” Battery, how
ever, was present and did considerable execution.
In the meantime, the enemy to the west, south-west and
south of Shaiba had been carrying on desultory hostilities,
which culminated now and then in half-hearted attacks. The
* Temporarily attached to 16th Brigade, f They were watering their horses.

About this item

Content

The volume is the first volume of an official government publication compiled at the request of the Government of India, and under the direction of the Historical Section of the Committee of Imperial Defence, by Brigadier-General Frederick James Moberly. The volume was printed and published at His Majesty's Stationery Office, London.

The contents provide a narrative of the operations of 1914-1918 in Mesopotamia, based mainly on official documents.

The volume is divided into two parts. The first part, entitled, 'Part I. Before the Outbreak of Hostilities', consists of the following five chapters:

  • General Description of the Country
  • The Turks in Mesopotamia
  • British Pre-War Policy
  • The Army in India and Pre-War Military Policy
  • Inception of the Operations

The second part, entitled, 'Part II. The Campaign in Lower Mesopotamia', consists of the following seven chapters:

  • The Landing in Mesopotamia of Force "D" and the Operations Leading to the Occupation of Basra
  • The Occupation of Basra and the Capture of Qurna
  • Commencement of the Turkish Counter-Offensive
  • Development and Defeat of the Turkish Counter-Offensive
  • Operations in Arabistan and the Capture of Amara
  • Operations on the Euphrates and the Occupation of Nasiriya
  • The battle of Kut and Occupation of Aziziya

The volume also includes nine maps, entitled:

  • The Middle East
  • Lower Mesopotamia
  • Map 1 - To illustrate operations described in Chapter VI
  • Map 2 - To illustrate fighting near Qurna
  • Map 3 - To illustrate fighting round Shaiba
  • Map 4 - To illustrate operations in Persian Arabistan
  • Map 5 - To illustrate operations in the Akaika Channel 27th June to 5th July 1915
  • Map 6 - To illustrate operations near Nasiriya 6th to 24th July 1915
  • Map 7 - To illustrate the Battle of Kut 28th September 1915
Extent and format
1 volume (223 folios)
Arrangement

The volume contains a page of errata (folio 5), a list of contents (folios 6-8), a list of maps and illustrations (folio 9), appendices (folios 185v-192), an index (folios 192v-214v), and eight maps in a pocket attached to the inside back cover (folios 217-224).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover with 1 and terminates at the inside back cover with 225; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'HISTORY OF THE GREAT WAR BASED ON OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS. THE CAMPAIGN IN MESOPOTAMIA 1914-1918. VOLUME I.' [‎114v] (233/454), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/66/1, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100048172214.0x000022> [accessed 23 August 2019]

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