Skip to item: of 454
Information about this record Back to top
Open in Universal viewer
Open in Mirador IIIF viewer


The record is made up of 1 volume (223 folios). It was created in 1923. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.

Apply page layout

to take part in the operations. After warning the troops of
the danger of land and floating mines, the allotment of heliums
was given. The total of these was 372, of which 296 were
allotted to carry 2,560 officers and men of the 17th Infantry
Brigade ; and of these, 96 were “ shielded.” The rest were
allotted, in varying proportion, to the 30th Mountain Battery,
the Sirmur Sappers, to two sections of the Divisional
Signal Company, and to No. 1 Field Ambulance. Each
helium was to carry ten men, including one non-commissioned
officer, and carried a reserve of 125 rounds of ammunition
per rifle, a day’s ration, a waterproof sheet and two sandbags
per man, in addition to certain boat stores. A small number
of heliums were told off to bring up supplies and cooking pots
to units as opportunity offered, and the arrangements for
refilling points were indicated.
In addition, there were rafts for the machine guns—the
17th Brigade being allotted four additional machine guns for
the operations—the mountain guns and the field ambulance ;
and five heavy and field guns—two 5-inch, two 4-inch and a
spare 18-pounder Q.F.—were mounted in barges.
On the 28th, the helium arrangements were tested by a
parade of the force which was to attack in them along the
right bank of the Tigris. Moving out from the perimeter at
Quma in three columns, the heliums and rafts deployed into
two lines at the rendezvous west of Fort Snipe whence the
attack was to start on the 31st. The movement was success
fully carried out and gave the troops confidence in their ability
to manoeuvre with some measure of precision. As a result of
this parade an adjustment of the machine-gun shields on the
heliums was carried out next day to permit of easier movement.
The weather at this time was intensely hot, the temperature
rising well above 100°, and there were many cases of heat
stroke—for instance, on the 29th, one hundred and seventeen
men went sick from the effects of the heat—and the heat was
even greater in the ships in the river than on the land. By
the night of the 29th—30th the whole of the force intended for
the operation had been concentrated at Qurna; and on the
30th, General Nixon had also arrived there. Although he
informed General Townshend that he had no intention of
interfering with the conduct of the operations, he had
announced his intention of being present while they were
carried out. In view of the unusual nature of the operations,
of the fact that he was himself controlling the demonstrations
on either flank, and of a feeling existing, as has been already

About this item


The volume is the first volume of an official government publication compiled at the request of the Government of India, and under the direction of the Historical Section of the Committee of Imperial Defence, by Brigadier-General Frederick James Moberly. The volume was printed and published at His Majesty's Stationery Office, London.

The contents provide a narrative of the operations of 1914-1918 in Mesopotamia, based mainly on official documents.

The volume is divided into two parts. The first part, entitled, 'Part I. Before the Outbreak of Hostilities', consists of the following five chapters:

  • General Description of the Country
  • The Turks in Mesopotamia
  • British Pre-War Policy
  • The Army in India and Pre-War Military Policy
  • Inception of the Operations

The second part, entitled, 'Part II. The Campaign in Lower Mesopotamia', consists of the following seven chapters:

  • The Landing in Mesopotamia of Force "D" and the Operations Leading to the Occupation of Basra
  • The Occupation of Basra and the Capture of Qurna
  • Commencement of the Turkish Counter-Offensive
  • Development and Defeat of the Turkish Counter-Offensive
  • Operations in Arabistan and the Capture of Amara
  • Operations on the Euphrates and the Occupation of Nasiriya
  • The battle of Kut and Occupation of Aziziya

The volume also includes nine maps, entitled:

  • The Middle East
  • Lower Mesopotamia
  • Map 1 - To illustrate operations described in Chapter VI
  • Map 2 - To illustrate fighting near Qurna
  • Map 3 - To illustrate fighting round Shaiba
  • Map 4 - To illustrate operations in Persian Arabistan
  • Map 5 - To illustrate operations in the Akaika Channel 27th June to 5th July 1915
  • Map 6 - To illustrate operations near Nasiriya 6th to 24th July 1915
  • Map 7 - To illustrate the Battle of Kut 28th September 1915
Extent and format
1 volume (223 folios)

The volume contains a page of errata (folio 5), a list of contents (folios 6-8), a list of maps and illustrations (folio 9), appendices (folios 185v-192), an index (folios 192v-214v), and eight maps in a pocket attached to the inside back cover (folios 217-224).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover with 1 and terminates at the inside back cover with 225; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
View the complete information for this record

Use and share this item

Share this item
Cite this item in your research

'HISTORY OF THE GREAT WAR BASED ON OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS. THE CAMPAIGN IN MESOPOTAMIA 1914-1918. VOLUME I.' [‎137r] (278/454), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/66/1, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 22 August 2019]

Link to this item
Embed this item

Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.

<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="">'HISTORY OF THE GREAT WAR BASED ON OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS. THE CAMPAIGN IN MESOPOTAMIA 1914-1918. VOLUME I.' [&lrm;137r] (278/454)</a>
<a href="">
	<img src="!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" />
IIIF details

This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it. in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images

Use and reuse
Download this image